The supercomputer JUGENE with its 294.912 processor cores delivers a peak performance of more than 1 Petaflop/s. "With JUGENE Germany is presenting the first Petacomputer, which PRACE will start its operations with in August 2010", stated Professor Achim Bachem, from the Forschungzentrum Jülich, which is partner of the Helmholtz Institute. JUGENE is an IBM Blue Gene/P and is used for complex simulations in material research, environmental research and in particle physics research. The system is used by Jülich as a partner of the Gauss Centre for Supercomputing. Within PRACE 20 partners from Europe are co-ordinating their activities in order to provide researchers with an easy access to high performance computing. In the next five years 400 million euro will be invested in four new supercomputers.
In order to enhance the performance of supercomputers such as JUGENE with a factor of 1000 to the level of one Exaflop, IBM and Jülich have founded the Exascale Innovation Center. From now to the end of the decade hardware components and software will be developed here for the next generation of supercomputers.
Both supercomputers JUROPA and HPC-FF with their more than 26.000 computing nodes achieve a peak performance of 308 Teraflop/s. "With JUROPA and HPC-FF Jülich has followed a whole new road", Professor Thomas Lippert, Director of the Jülich Supercomputing Centre, explained. "Within the JUROPA-consortium Germany again develops its own supercomputers with the highest performance." The system is very attractive for researchers in all areas for exemplary research, to discover how proteins are unfolding, how semi-conductors are functioning or how energy systems can be improved. HPC-FF is only used for fusion research. For extremely large simulations both computers can be coupled.
In order to deploy performant software for modular-like built cluster computers such as JUROPA, Intel, ParTec and Jülich have founded the ExaCluster Laboratory. About one thousand researchers will develop in the coming years high-quality software, that will correspond to and be used in many applications, especially for the next-generation of cluster computers with 100.000s of processors in the reach of the Exaflop/s range.
The QPACE supercomputer is still at rank 131 in the TOP500 list with a performance of 55 Teraflop/s. In the meanwhile, the system has been expanded to 100 Teraflop/s. It is built to function in an energy-efficient way and has a power consumption use of 773,43 Megaflop/s per Watt. With this performance it will most probably defend the first rank in the Green500 world rankings of most energy-efficient supercomputers that will come out in the next few days.
The core of QPACE is the IBM PowerXCell 8i-processor. QPACE has been developed by an academic consortium of universities and research centres, and the German IBM Research and Development Centre in Böblingen in the framework of a state-bound research alliance. Within the consortium the Research Centres DESY and Jülich have undertaken central tasks under the lead of the University of Regensburg. Further partners were the University of Wuppertal, the University of Ferrara in Italy, the University of Milano-Bicocca in Italy and the companies Eurotech, Knürr, Zollner and Xilinx.