By the early 2020s computers capable of a quntillion (meaning one billion billion) operations per second - exaflop/s - are expected. No single EU country has the capacity to develop this on its own.
The project for super computers in the EU has been launched by the European Commission. It would run until 31 December 2026 and benefit from 468 in EU funding. In addition countries taking part are expected to contribute the same amount, while the private sector would then also pay 422 million.
Lithuanian S&D member Zigmantas Balčytis, the MEP in charge of steering the plans through Parliament, explained why it was so important: Unfortunately, the EU has neglected this sector for too long. While some countries, such as US and China, are racing in developing supercomputers, the EU does not possess even a single supercomputer, which would be among the top 10 in the world."
He also underlined that the EU was underfunding it by 500 million a year compared to countries that are investing heavily in the development of a supercomputing infrastructure.