Primeur weekly 2020-08-10

Focus

HPC markets show temporary negative COVID-19 ripple effect but will be back on track after crisis fades, says Intersect360 Research analyst Addison Snell ...

EPCC led EIDF will train 100.000 citizens over the next decade to take part in the Edinburgh International Data Facility powered by HPE ...

Exascale supercomputing

Jülich Supercomputing Centre to introduce new AI project AlphaNumerics Zero ...

GE Research uses Summit supercomputer for groundbreaking study on wind power ...

US Department of Energy to provide $57,5 million for science computing teams ...

Quantum computing

Solving materials problems with a quantum computer ...

International quantum research to take a leap forward ...

Northern Arizona University partners in $26 million NSF initiative to establish new Center for Quantum Networks ...

Focus on Europe

Atos partners with University of Oxford on largest AI supercomputer in the UK ...

JURECA data-centric module to replace JURECA Cluster ...

Open source for a global 'energiewende' ...

Skoltech supercomputer helps scientists reveal most influential parameters for crop ...

Middleware

NCCS debuts centralized storage with curated Earth science datasets ...

Hardware

Nanyang Technological University Singapore scientists build ultra-high-speed Terahertz wireless chip ...

Flash Memory Summit partners with TechTarget to extend digital reach ...

Tachyum shows Prodigy running existing x86, ARM, and RISC-V software ...

Panasas launches the new PanFS with dynamic data acceleration technology to support diverse and changing workflows in HPC and AI ...

Todd Younkin appointed President and CEO of Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) ...

CENIC extends 400G capabilities to coastal path between Los Angeles and Sunnyvale ...

Applications

A computational framework for solving linear inverse problems takes a parallel computing approach ...

Unequal neutron-star mergers create unique 'bang' in simulations ...

BSC researchers study mobility in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic period using data from the Facebook and Google apps ...

Study identifies top reasons for sewer line failure ...

New spin-off created by BSC researchers to accelerate the development of new chemicals ...

Argonne researchers use Theta for real-time analysis of COVID-19 proteins ...

ALCC programme awards ALCF computing time to 24 projects ...

ALCC programme awards nearly 6 million Summit node hours across 31 projects ...

Comet supercomputer used to simulate environmental changes in Chesapeake Bay ...

Piotr Roztocki wins 2020 Paul Baran Young Scholar Award for his innovative work ...

Sustainable chemistry at the quantum level ...

Tiniest secrets of integrated circuits revealed with new imaging technique ...

Computing COVID-19's potential cure and treatments in Australia ...

National Science Foundation funds five new XSEDE-allocated systems ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2020-08-10

Focus

In its 4 meter below sea level virtual studio in AlmerePrimeur Magazinehad the pleasure to receive Addison Snell, CEO of Intersect360 Research, who highlighted the results that he was able to collect in his four recent reports on the worldwide HPC 2019 market model and 2020/2024 forecast. Read further...
From its virtual 4m below sealevel studio in AlmerePrimeur Magazinecaught up with Mark Parsons, Director of the Edinburgh Parallel Computing Centre (EPCC), to look into the recently announced selection of HPE by EPCC to power the Edinburgh International Data Facility (EIDF), Europe's first regional data innovation centre. Read further...

Exascale supercomputing

The Helmholtz Artificial Intelligence Cooperation Unit is one of five platforms initiated by the Helmholtz Information and Data Science Incubator. Its main goal is to become a driver for applied artificial intelligence (AI) through the development and distribution of AI methods across all Helmholtz centres, effectively combining AI-based analytics with the Helmholtz Association's unique research questions and datasets. Read further...
GE scientists have been authorized by the U.S. government to access one of world's fastest supercomputers to advance offshore wind power, which could be a significant part of the Wind Energy sector that is projected to provide 20% of all U.S. energy needs in the next 10 years. Read further...
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) will provide $57,5 million to establish two multidisciplinary teams to develop new tools and techniques to harness supercomputers for scientific discovery. Read further...

Quantum computing

Quantum computers have enormous potential for calculations using novel algorithms and involving amounts of data far beyond the capacity of today's supercomputers. While such computers have been built, they are still in their infancy and have limited applicability for solving complex problems in materials science and chemistry. For example, they only permit the simulation of the properties of a few atoms for materials research. Read further...
Quantum technologies are at the interface between pure basic research and practical application. The aim is to develop new research approaches, both in developing technology for photon-based quantum applications as well as in developing theoretical and experimental concepts. From secure communications to quantum computers via fast information processing, the possible applications are manifold. Paderborn University's project was awarded the highest rating by the German Science Council: "outstanding". Read further...
Northern Arizona University (NAU) is a partner institution in a major new initiative, funded through an initial $26 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF), to establish and lead the Center for Quantum Networks, or CQN. The five-year project - which represents NAU's first participation in an NSF-designated Engineering Research Center (ERC) - will begin in October 2020, and the grant includes an additional five-year $24,6 million renewal option. NAU will collaborate with the University of Arizona, the lead institution on this five-year project. Read further...

Focus on Europe

Atos, a global expert in digital transformation, has signed a four-year contract worth GBP 5 million with the University of Oxford to deliver a new, state of the art, deep learning supercomputer built on the NVIDIA DGX SuperPOD architecture, which will enable UK academics and industry to drive forward scientific discoveries and innovation in machine learning and artificial intelligence, as part of the JADE2 project. Read further...
In parallel with the ongoing deployment of the JUWELS Booster, Jülich Supercomputing Centre (JSC) is actively preparing its next major system upgrade. In November 2020, the JURECA Cluster will have reached five years of successful operation and will require renewal. For this purpose, the Cluster module of the modular supercomputer JURECA, consisting of the Cluster module as well as the Booster module installed in 2017, will be replaced by the new JURECA "data-centric" (DC) module. Read further...
Computer models are essential for achieving energy turnaround ('Energiewende'). Simulations can help in the planning of capacities for generating, transporting, and storing energy, taking into account dynamic parameters such as the weather and energy consumption. Scientists from Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) had a crucial part in developing the corresponding modelling tools that the Helmholtz Association (HGF) has recently made available on an Internet platform - free of charge and open source. This Helmholtz Energy Computing Initiative (HECI) aims at facilitating the cooperation when implementing climate-protection measures in energy systems. Read further...
Nowadays, agriculture is going to become AI-native: Skoltech researchers have used the Zhores supercomputer to perform a very precise sensitivity analysis to reveal crucial parameters for different crop yields in the chernozem region. Their paper was published in the proceedings of the International Conference on Computational Science 2020. Read further...

Middleware

Now available to all NASA Center for Climate Simulation (NCCS) computing platforms is a new resource hosting notable Earth science datasets. NCCS users can access the Centralized Storage System (CSS) from the Discover supercomputer, the ADAPT Science Cloud, the DataPortal, and a new GPU cluster focused on Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Machine Learning (ML) applications that will be available on August 10, 2020. As of July 2020, CSS holds 10 petabytes of curated datasets from NASA, other agencies, and national and international research programmes. Read further...

Hardware

To enable data transmission speeds that surpass the 5th Generation (5G) standards for telecommunications, scientists from Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) and Osaka University in Japan have built a new chip using a concept called photonic topological insulators. Read further...
Flash Memory Summit (FMS), a global flash memory conference and exposition, has signed a strategic partnership with TechTarget, a global expert in B2B technology media and purchase intent data and services, to provide a digital extension of FMS content on TechTarget's sites. FMS will be held as a virtual event on November 10-12, 2020. Read further...
Tachyum Inc.'s Prodigy Universal Processor has successfully completed software emulation testing across x86, ARM and RISC-V binary environments. This important milestone demonstrates that Prodigy will enable customers to run their legacy applications transparently at launch with better performance than any contemporary or future ARM or RISC-V processors. Coupled with hyperscale data centre workhorse programmes such as Hadoop, Apache and more, which Tachyum is recompiling to Prodigy native code, this capability will ensure that Prodigy customers can run a broad spectrum of applications, right out of the box. Tachyum customers consistently indicate that they would run 100% native applications within 9-18 months of transitioning to the Tachyum platform to exceed performance of the fastest Xeon processor. The emulation is to smoothly transition to native software for Tachyum Prodigy. Read further...
Panasas has released Dynamic Data Acceleration on the new PanFS parallel file system, a proprietary software feature that delivers predictable high performance by automatically adapting to the changing and evolving small file and mixed workloads that dominate today's HPC and AI landscape. Read further...
Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC), a global semiconductor research consortium, has appointed industry veteran Todd Younkin as President and Chief Executive Officer. Todd Younkin's appointment was made by SRC's Board of Directors. Todd Younkin will start transitioning to his new role on August 18, 2020. Read further...
CENIC is now able to provide high-capacity services, from 100G to 400G and beyond, on its coastal path between Los Angeles and Sunnyvale. The research and education network upgraded its optical line system along the 460-mile path, including nodes in Santa Barbara, San Luis Obispo, and Soledad. Read further...

Applications

In this era of Big Data, there are some problems in scientific computing that are so large, so complex and contain so much information that attempting to solve them would be too big of a task for most computers. Now, researchers at the McKelvey School of Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis have developed a new algorithm for solving a common class of problem - known as linear inverse problems - by breaking them down into smaller tasks, each of which can be solved in parallel on standard computers. Read further...
When two neutron stars slam together, the result is sometimes a black hole that swallows all but the gravitational evidence of the collision. However, in a series of simulations, an international team of researchers including a Penn State scientist determined that these typically quiet - at least in terms of radiation we can detect on Earth - collisions can sometimes be far noisier. Read further...
Researchers from the Barcelona Supercomputing Center have published a study based on mobility data from Google and Facebook at the peak of the COVID-19 pandemic, to demonstrate how this can be a sound source of information for epidemiological and socio-economic analyses. These data are a tool to evaluate the measures taken during the peak of the pandemic, and can contribute to improving the response to future mobility crises. In retrospect, the confinement measures applied and their duration were adequate for the situation and evolution of the pandemic in Spain. Read further...
Concrete sewer pipes around the world are most likely to fail either because their concrete is not strong enough or because they can’t handle the weight of trucks that drive over them, a new study indicates. The study used a statistical analysis to show that those two factors were the most likely to trigger a problem among 16 common causes of sewer pipe failure they examined. Read further...
Two researchers from Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), Mónica de Mier and Stephan Mohr, have created a new spin-off, Nextmol - Bytelab Solutions SL, which develops tools for atomistic simulation and data analysis to accelerate the design of new chemicals. Read further...
As the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 and its associated disease, COVID-19, developed and spread across the country and planet, the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory joined the global fight by beginning work to better understand and treat the pandemic. Several such lines of research have been launched at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, to take advantage of its considerable scientific resources; one of these lines has analyzed the crystal structure of a protein complex associated with the coronavirus. Read further...
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Advanced Scientific Computing Research (ASCR) Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC) has awarded 24 projects a total of 5,74 million node hours at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) to pursue challenging, high-risk, high-payoff simulations. Read further...
Each year, researchers are awarded computing hours at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) - a US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility located at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) - through the DOE Office of Advanced Scientific Computing Research's (ASCR's) Leadership Computing Challenge (ALCC). Read further...
Encompassing more than 4000 square miles, the Chesapeake Bay is the largest estuary in the continental U.S., providing an excellent testbed for scientists aiming to better understand long-term changes occurring in coastal waters by using supercomputers to create detailed model simulations. Read further...
The Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique (INRS) has announced that Ph.D. candidate Piotr Roztocki was selected as a 2020 Paul Baran Young Scholar by the Marconi Society, which honours the world's most innovative young engineers in Information and Communications Technology (ICT). Read further...
Developing catalysts for sustainable fuel and chemical production requires a kind of Goldilocks Effect - some catalysts are too ineffective while others are too uneconomical. Catalyst testing also takes a lot of time and resources. New breakthroughs in computational quantum chemistry, however, hold promise for discovering catalysts that are "just right" and thousands of times faster than standard approaches. Read further...
The life-givers of integrated circuits and quantum devices in silicon are small structures made from patches of foreign atoms called dopants. The dopant structures provide charge carriers that flow through the components of the circuit, giving the components their ability to function. These days the dopant structures are only a few atoms across and so need to be made in precise locations within a circuit and have very well-defined electrical properties. At present manufacturers find it hard to tell in a non-destructive way whether they have made their devices according to these strict requirements. A new imaging paradigm promises to change all that. Read further...
Shared workflows, virus' lineage, statistical inferences about potential treatment outcomes, COVID-19 targets molecular modelling are some of the collaborations taking place at the two Australian national tier-1 supercomputing facilities to fight the pandemic. Read further...
This summer, five new National Science Foundation (NSF)-funded advanced computing systems have been awarded to partner institutions across the country, all with their own unique specialties and applications. Once deployed, all of these systems will be primarily allocated through XSEDE to help connect researchers, regardless of physical location in the United States, to the system that best suits their research needs. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2020-08-10

Focus

HPC markets show temporary negative COVID-19 ripple effect but will be back on track after crisis fades, says Intersect360 Research analyst Addison Snell ...

EPCC led EIDF will train 100.000 citizens over the next decade to take part in the Edinburgh International Data Facility powered by HPE ...

Exascale supercomputing

Jülich Supercomputing Centre to introduce new AI project AlphaNumerics Zero ...

GE Research uses Summit supercomputer for groundbreaking study on wind power ...

US Department of Energy to provide $57,5 million for science computing teams ...

Quantum computing

Solving materials problems with a quantum computer ...

International quantum research to take a leap forward ...

Northern Arizona University partners in $26 million NSF initiative to establish new Center for Quantum Networks ...

Focus on Europe

Atos partners with University of Oxford on largest AI supercomputer in the UK ...

JURECA data-centric module to replace JURECA Cluster ...

Open source for a global 'energiewende' ...

Skoltech supercomputer helps scientists reveal most influential parameters for crop ...

Middleware

NCCS debuts centralized storage with curated Earth science datasets ...

Hardware

Nanyang Technological University Singapore scientists build ultra-high-speed Terahertz wireless chip ...

Flash Memory Summit partners with TechTarget to extend digital reach ...

Tachyum shows Prodigy running existing x86, ARM, and RISC-V software ...

Panasas launches the new PanFS with dynamic data acceleration technology to support diverse and changing workflows in HPC and AI ...

Todd Younkin appointed President and CEO of Semiconductor Research Corporation (SRC) ...

CENIC extends 400G capabilities to coastal path between Los Angeles and Sunnyvale ...

Applications

A computational framework for solving linear inverse problems takes a parallel computing approach ...

Unequal neutron-star mergers create unique 'bang' in simulations ...

BSC researchers study mobility in Spain during the COVID-19 pandemic period using data from the Facebook and Google apps ...

Study identifies top reasons for sewer line failure ...

New spin-off created by BSC researchers to accelerate the development of new chemicals ...

Argonne researchers use Theta for real-time analysis of COVID-19 proteins ...

ALCC programme awards ALCF computing time to 24 projects ...

ALCC programme awards nearly 6 million Summit node hours across 31 projects ...

Comet supercomputer used to simulate environmental changes in Chesapeake Bay ...

Piotr Roztocki wins 2020 Paul Baran Young Scholar Award for his innovative work ...

Sustainable chemistry at the quantum level ...

Tiniest secrets of integrated circuits revealed with new imaging technique ...

Computing COVID-19's potential cure and treatments in Australia ...

National Science Foundation funds five new XSEDE-allocated systems ...