Primeur weekly 2020-07-27

Quantum computing

University of Virginia pioneers study of genetic diseases with quantum computing ...

Scientists strengthen quantum building blocks in milestone critical for scale-up ...

NIST's post-quantum cryptography programme enters 'selection round' ...

Focus on Europe

CERN, SKAO, GÉANT and PRACE to collaborate on high-performance computing ...

Gauss Centre for Supercomputing opens 24th Call for Large-Scale Projects ...

Middleware

WekaIO signs OEM agreement with Hitachi Vantara ...

Hardware

University of Florida announces $70 million artificial intelligence partnership with NVIDIA ...

Optimizing neural networks on a brain-inspired computer ...

ScaleOut Software announces the release of ScaleOut StateServer Pro ...

Inspur Information releases new server optimized for mobile liquid cooling cluster ...

Redapt and ZutaCore partner for pre-configured, tested and warrantied data centre solutions across HPC stacks ...

Northern Data to sign successful development partnership with Gigabyte Technology ...

Applications

Biggest cosmic nuclear bombs - ASIAA shows the first supernovae in cutting-edge supercomputer simulations ...

Photon-based processing units enable more complex machine learning ...

Supercomputing pipeline aids DESI's quest to create 3D map of the Universe ...

Spectacular ultraviolet flash may finally explain how white dwarfs explode ...

The Venus 'ring of fire' ...

Junk DNA might be really, really useful for biocomputing ...

Dartmouth-industry collaborations improve computer graphics ...

Department of Energy names three Office of Science Distinguished Scientists Fellow ...

University of Wyoming's Bart Geerts receives DOE atmospheric grant to study cold-air outbreaks in the Arctic ...

National Science Foundation grant gives UT Dallas prominent role in new Research Cybertraining Center ...

Coronavirus binding and core helix fusion simulated on TACC Frontera subsystem Longhorn ...

New learning algorithm should significantly expand the possible applications of AI ...

KISTI joins the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium led by the White House ...

USTC achieves million core parallel first-principles computing simulation on Sunway TaihuLight ...

PACER: upscaling Australian researchers in the new era of supercomputing ...

Building drug databases for COVID-19 testing in Australia ...

The Cloud

WeRide chooses WekaIO to manage its AI data pipeline ...

Royal Bank of Canada and Borealis AI announce new AI private Cloud platform, developed with Red Hat and NVIDIA ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2020-07-27

Quantum computing

University of Virginia (UVA) School of Medicine scientists are harnessing the mind-bending potential of quantum computers to help us understand genetic diseases - even before quantum computers are a thing. Read further...
A group of international scientists have substantially lengthened the duration of time that a spin-orbit qubit in silicon can retain quantum information for, opening up a new pathway to make silicon quantum computers more scalable and functional. Read further...
The race to protect sensitive electronic information against the threat of quantum computers has entered the home stretch. Read further...

Focus on Europe

Four leading research organisations formed a pioneering collaboration that will work to overcome challenges related to the use of high-performance computing (HPC) to support large, data-intensive science projects. The members of the collaboration are CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research; SKAO, the organisation leading the development of the Square Kilometre Array radio-telescope; GÉANT, the pan-European network and services provider for research and education; and PRACE, the Partnership for Advanced Computing in Europe. Read further...
The Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GCS) has opened the 24th call for GCS Large-Scale Projects on the three GCS high-performance computing (HPC) systems, Hawk at the High Performance Computing Center Stuttgart, JUWELS at Jülich Supercomputing Centre, and SuperMUC-NG at Leibniz Rechenzentrum. Scientists can now apply for computing time until August 17, 2020, at 5:00 PM CET. Read further...

Middleware

WekaIO, an innovation expert in high-performance, scalable file storage for data-intensive applications, has entered into an OEM agreement with Hitachi Vantara for Weka's industry-leading HPC storage software, WekaFS. WekaFS software is the world's fastest distributed file system architected to integrate NVMe and S3 storage on-premises, while providing full protocol access and the ability to burst workloads to the Cloud. Read further...

Hardware

The University of Florida (UF) has signed a public-private partnership with NVIDIA that will catapult UF's research strength to address some of the world's most formidable challenges, create unprecedented access to AI training and tools for underrepresented communities, and build momentum for transforming the future of the workforce. Read further...
Neural networks in both biological settings and artificial intelligence distribute computation across their neurons to solve complex tasks. New research now shows how so-called "critical states" can be used to optimize artificial neural networks running on brain-inspired neuromorphic hardware. The study was carried out by scientists from Heidelberg University working within the Human Brain Project, and the Max-Planck-Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPIDS). The results have been published inNature Communications. Read further...
ScaleOut Software has launched ScaleOut StateServer Pro, a new software product release that adds integrated data analytics to the company's battle-tested ScaleOut StateServer in-memory data grid (IMDG) and distributed cache to help businesses gain more value from their fast-changing data. Read further...
Inspur Information, a provider of data centre infrastructure products and solutions, recently released a next-generation plate liquid-cooling 2U 4-node high-density server i24M5-LC, optimized for large-scale water-cooling server data centres with PUE<1.2. Meanwhile, Inspur Information also released a mobile rack-mounted Coolant Distribution Unit (CDU), which can be connected to the i24M5-LC with quick release connectors for easy deployment of a complete liquid cooling system, providing customers with an efficient and convenient mobile liquid cooling cluster solution. Read further...
Redapt, an end-to-end technology solutions provider, and ZutaCore, a waterless, two-phase, direct-on-chip, liquid cooling company, have signed a partnership to allow data centre owners and operators to push the boundaries of performance and efficiency by leveraging the companies' combined benefits at scale. The companies will offer solutions and services to help accelerate growth for companies that rely on high-performance computing, intense workload environments such as artificial intelligence and machine learning, and challenging edge applications. A value-added reseller and data center systems integrator (SI) for nearly 20 years, Redapt's depth and expertise are complemented by ZutaCore's revolutionary HyperCool liquid cooling system. Together, they can help customers increase their competitive edge and prepare for the future through improved economics, scale, and energy and real estate efficiency of their data centres. Read further...
Northern Data AG, a large global provider of high-performance-computing (HPC) solutions, has developed proprietary HPC services in cooperation with the Taiwanese computer hardware manufacturer Gigabyte Technology. Read further...

Applications

A hypernova is a type of supernova that is 100 times more energetic. Astronomers think these biggest cosmic bombs hold the key to peek into the genesis moment of fist supernovae's birth. However, hypernovae are extremely rare in observation. Therefore, the Academia Sinica, Institute of Astronomy & Astrophysics (ASIAA) team led by Ke-Jung (Ken) Chen, using the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan's (NAOJ) Center for Computational Astrophysics (CfCA) supercomputer, has completed high-resolution simulations to tackle this issue. By exploring deeply into the core, they discovered what hypernovae would look like after 300 days of their explosion. The highly innovative work offers an unprecedented conclusion: the effect which gas movement has on the luminosity estimation, has long been overlooked in previous theoretical models. This result boosts our understanding of hypernova formation and may prove to be instrumental in the future hypernova observations. Read further...
Machine learning performed by neural networks is a popular approach to developing artificial intelligence, as researchers aim to replicate brain functionalities for a variety of applications. Read further...
As neuroscientists work to better understand the complex inner workings of the brain, a focus of their efforts lies in reimagining and reinventing one of their most basic research tools: the microscope. Likewise, as astrophysicists and cosmologists strive to gain new insights into the universe and its origins, they are eager to observe farther, faster, and with increasing detail via enhancements to their primary instrument: the telescope. Read further...
For just the second time ever, astrophysicists have spotted a spectacular flash of ultraviolet (UV) light in a supernova, an extremely rare event following a white dwarf explosion. This event is poised to offer insights into several long-standing mysteries, including what causes white dwarfs to explode and how dark energy is accelerating the universe's expansion. Read further...
Years ago, planetary researchers discovered unusual circular structures on the surface of Venus when observing high-resolution images from NASA's Magellan mission. Such structures are known as coronae - from the Latin meaning "crowns"; singular: corona. A few years ago, a team of ETH researchers led by Taras Gerya, Professor of Geophysics at the Department of Earth Sciences, used computer models to investigate how these structures may have formed. They used computer simulations to classify the current activity of corona structures on the surface of Venus. To their surprise, they found a previously undiscovered ring of fire on our neighbouring planet. Read further...
Dr. Herbert asks what if our genome was far smarter than everyone previously believed? What if in the many DNA repeat elements lay the foundation for building a novel type of biocomputer? This approach would enable calculations performed with self-renewing wetware rather than stone-cold hardware, opening the door to logic circuits based on DNA that flips from one state to another, analogous to the way silicon switches "on" and "off". Read further...
Researchers at Dartmouth, in collaboration with industry partners, have developed software techniques that make lighting in computer-generated images look more realistic. The research will be presented at the upcoming ACM SIGGRAPH conference, the premier venue for research in computer graphics. Read further...
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) named three National Laboratory scientists as DOE Office of Science Distinguished Scientists Fellows. The award, authorized by the America COMPETES Act and bestowed on National Laboratory scientists with outstanding records of achievement, provides each Fellow with $1 million over three years to be devoted to a project or projects of the Fellow's choosing. Read further...
According to Bart Geerts the Arctic is arguably the region on Earth that is warming the most rapidly, with rapid sea ice loss and warming air temperatures reinforcing each other. Decreasing ice cover implies potentially more hazardous Arctic winter weather effects upon coastal communities and local transportation. Read further...
Researchers at top-tier universities use high-performance computers, called supercomputers, for scientific and engineering problems that require massive amounts of data and computation. The demand, however, for advanced cyberinfrastructure has grown so great that there aren't enough trained facilitators to help researchers leverage the resources for themselves. Read further...
Like the mythical Jacob's Ladder that reaches for the heavens, the coronavirus carries its own far-reaching molecular ladder-like apparatus. The coronavirus essentially builds a ladder to its host cell by piecing together and extending three sections in the core of its spike proteins, which adorn its surface. Read further...
The e-prop learning method developed at Graz University of Technology forms the basis for drastically more energy-efficient hardware implementations of Artificial Intelligence. Read further...
The Korean Institute of Science and Technology Information joined the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium to share the resources of supercomputer nr. 5 called Nurion to researchers around the world and to COVID-19. It will contribute to accelerate treatment and vaccine development. Read further...
Prof. Yang Jinlong and Prof. An Hong from the University of Science and Technology of China (USTC) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), along with domestic collaborators, have realized first-principles computing simulation of the large-scale solid system with tens of thousands of atoms and molecules based on Discontinuous Galerkin Density Functional Theory (DGDFT), a high-precision computation software, with the help of super large-scale millions of cores parallel computation on the supercomputer Sunway TaihuLight. Read further...
The Pawsey Supercomputing Centre for Extreme scale Readiness (PACER) programme is coming soon to advance Australian computational researchers and prepare them for the next era of supercomputing, in time for Pawsey's new supercomputing system. Read further...
Supercomputers in Australia joins forces to find a cure for COVID-19. Researchers using Pawsey supercomputing facilities are supporting the global effort to identify existing drugs that could be repurposed to treat COVID-19. Read further...

The Cloud

WekaIO, an innovation expert in high-performance and scalable file storage, announced that WeRide, a smart mobility company with industry-leading autonomous driving technologies, has selected the Weka File System (WekaFS), the world's fastest shared parallel file system from WekaIO, to manage its artificial intelligence (AI) data pipeline from the edge to the core to the Cloud. WeRide implemented WekaFS using a hybrid model to manage compute and storage resources both on-premises using commodity Intel x86-based servers and in the Amazon Web Services (AWS) Cloud. WeRide chose WekaFS because it presented a hardware-agnostic solution that was also the most cost-efficient, delivering high-bandwidth I/O to the company's GPU farm for high performance with mixed workloads. Read further...
Royal Bank of Canada (RBC) and its AI research institute Borealis AI have partnered with Red Hat and NVIDIA to develop a new AI computing platform designed to transform the customer banking experience and help keep pace with rapid technology changes and evolving customer expectations. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2020-07-27

Quantum computing

University of Virginia pioneers study of genetic diseases with quantum computing ...

Scientists strengthen quantum building blocks in milestone critical for scale-up ...

NIST's post-quantum cryptography programme enters 'selection round' ...

Focus on Europe

CERN, SKAO, GÉANT and PRACE to collaborate on high-performance computing ...

Gauss Centre for Supercomputing opens 24th Call for Large-Scale Projects ...

Middleware

WekaIO signs OEM agreement with Hitachi Vantara ...

Hardware

University of Florida announces $70 million artificial intelligence partnership with NVIDIA ...

Optimizing neural networks on a brain-inspired computer ...

ScaleOut Software announces the release of ScaleOut StateServer Pro ...

Inspur Information releases new server optimized for mobile liquid cooling cluster ...

Redapt and ZutaCore partner for pre-configured, tested and warrantied data centre solutions across HPC stacks ...

Northern Data to sign successful development partnership with Gigabyte Technology ...

Applications

Biggest cosmic nuclear bombs - ASIAA shows the first supernovae in cutting-edge supercomputer simulations ...

Photon-based processing units enable more complex machine learning ...

Supercomputing pipeline aids DESI's quest to create 3D map of the Universe ...

Spectacular ultraviolet flash may finally explain how white dwarfs explode ...

The Venus 'ring of fire' ...

Junk DNA might be really, really useful for biocomputing ...

Dartmouth-industry collaborations improve computer graphics ...

Department of Energy names three Office of Science Distinguished Scientists Fellow ...

University of Wyoming's Bart Geerts receives DOE atmospheric grant to study cold-air outbreaks in the Arctic ...

National Science Foundation grant gives UT Dallas prominent role in new Research Cybertraining Center ...

Coronavirus binding and core helix fusion simulated on TACC Frontera subsystem Longhorn ...

New learning algorithm should significantly expand the possible applications of AI ...

KISTI joins the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium led by the White House ...

USTC achieves million core parallel first-principles computing simulation on Sunway TaihuLight ...

PACER: upscaling Australian researchers in the new era of supercomputing ...

Building drug databases for COVID-19 testing in Australia ...

The Cloud

WeRide chooses WekaIO to manage its AI data pipeline ...

Royal Bank of Canada and Borealis AI announce new AI private Cloud platform, developed with Red Hat and NVIDIA ...