Primeur weekly 2020-06-02

Exascale supercomputing

Aurora workshop helps researchers ramp up preparations for exascale computing ...

Quantum computing

Pawsey and Quantum Brilliance join forces to advance Australian Quantum Computing ...

A stitch in time: How a quantum physicist invented new code from old tricks ...

Argonne receives two awards from DARPA for quantum information science ...

Focus on Europe

EuroCC and CASTIEL will build European Network of HPC Expertise ...

UK and Switzerland's top supercomputers join COVID-19 HPC Consortium ...

The Power of Language - Lecture by the inventor of Julia programming language ...

Middleware

San Diego Supercomputer Center leverages Bright Cluster Manager in new Expanse supercomputer ...

Hardware

Sandia to receive Fujitsu 'green' processor ...

The concept of creating brain-on-chip revealed ...

Nautilus Data Technologies closes a $100 million capital partnership with Orion Energy Partners ...

CyrusOne deploys liquid to chip cooling solution ...

SiPearl chooses Germany to open its first international operational subsidiary ...

Applications

Novel insight reveals topological tangle in unexpected corner of the universe ...

Largest collection of 3D supernova simulations leads to new insights on explosion dynamics ...

An advanced software tool for enhancing the design of cleaner aero-engines ...

Three Chinese universities joined the multi-national The Good Hope Net project to combat coronavirus ...

Penn State's supercomputer takes on COVID-19 - and its aftermath ...

Pawsey expertise accelerated genome assembly for early COVID-19 detection ...

Fighting COVID-19 with knowledge graphs ...

Supercomputers reveal true strengths of some zirconia ceramics ...

System designed to improve database performance for health care, IoT ...

SwRI awarded $1,9 million contract to develop treatment for COVID-19 in collaboration with DOD ...

AMD COVID-19 HPC Fund to deliver supercomputing clusters to researchers combatting COVID-19 ...

NASA supercomputers power COVID-19 research ...

The doorway into COVID-19: TACC supercomputers Stampede2, Lonestar5 help UTEP researchers shed light on critical proteins ...

Dinosaur-dooming asteroid struck Earth at "deadliest possible" angle ...

SARS coronavirus one and two shared resemblance conceals very different behavioural patterns ...

Supercomputing drug screening for deadly heart arrhythmias ...

Drug discovery researchers from El Paso to Galveston join forces to find new therapeutics to combat the pandemic ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2020-06-02

Exascale supercomputing

The Argonne Leadership Computing Facility (ALCF) recently hosted a workshop to help attendees advance code development efforts for Argonne's upcoming exascale system, Aurora. Read further...

Quantum computing

The Pawsey Supercomputing Centre and Quantum Brilliance will be collaborating to develop Australia's first quantum-supercomputing hub for innovation. This collaboration is already starting to implement the recommendations from "Growing Australia's Quantum Technology Industry", a new roadmap from Australia's national science agency, CSIRO. Read further...
A scientist at the University of Sydney has achieved what one quantum industry insider has described as "something that many researchers thought was impossible". Read further...
The U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago recently received two awards from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) in collaboration with industry and academic partners. The awards will fund two multi-year projects in an effort to secure the nation’s leadership in the field of quantum information science. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The launch of the EuroHPC Joint Undertaking in 2018 marked the start of a new, Europe-wide approach to high-performance computing (HPC). By facilitating closer coordination at the level of infrastructure and resource allocation (PRACE), technology development (European Processor Initiative), and the development of advanced software (Centres of Excellence for HPC Applications), EuroHPC set out to build a sustainable and globally competitive European HPC ecosystem. Read further...
Following the commitment from G7 Science and Technology Ministers to harness high performance computing resources for COVID-19 research, the UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) is joining the COVID-19 High Performance Computing Consortium, which calls on government, industry, and academia to volunteer free compute time and resources on their world-class machines for COVID-19 research. Read further...
The inventor of Julia programming language, Prof. Alan Edelman will give a lecture at Virtual ICM Seminars in Computer and Computatioanl Science on June 4, 2020 at 4:00 PM CEST. Read further...

Middleware

Bright Computing, a global expert in Linux Cluster automation and management software for HPC and machine learning, announced that the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at the University of California San Diego will be using Bright Cluster Manager to manage the facility's newest supercomputer, called "Expanse". The Bright Cluster Manager software platform will enable Expanse to balance and manage resource diversity across virtually all domains of their science and engineering users, maximizing resource utilization and increasing workload efficiency for research scientists across the country and beyond. Expanse will enter production in the fall of 2020 and be available to tens-of-thousands of researchers across the U.S. through the National Science Foundation's Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment. Read further...

Hardware

This spring, Sandia National Laboratories anticipates being one of the first Department of Energy laboratories to receive the newest A64FX Fujitsu processor, a Japanese Arm-based processor optimized for high-performance computing. Read further...
Lobachevsky University scientists in collaboration with their colleagues from Russia, Italy, China and the United States have proposed the concept of a memristive neurohybrid chip to be used in compact biosensors and neuroprostheses. The concept is based on the existing and forward-looking solutions at the junction of neural cellular and microfluidic technologies that make it possible to grow a spatially ordered living neural network. In combination with CMOS-compatible technologies for creating micro-electrode matrices and arrays of memristive devices, this integrated approach will be used for registering, processing and stimulation of bioelectrical activity in real time. Read further...
Nautilus Data Technologies Inc. has closed a multi-draw, senior secured debt facility with Orion Energy Partners, L.P. for the commissioning of a 6,0MW colocation data centre located in Stockton, California and construction of additional data centre projects in the Nautilus pipeline. Nautilus is a provider of highly efficient data centres, using a sustainable water-based cooling process to achieve industry leading power usage effectiveness (PUE) and significant improvements in environmental performance. Read further...
CyrusOne Inc., a premier global data centre real estate investment trust (REIT), is using the latest Internet Computer Concepts (ICC) and Asetek technologies for cooling design solutions across campuses. The technology, coupled with CyrusOne's standard cooling design, fosters simple deployment and low power usage effectiveness (PUE), the latest effort for the company's goal to achieve the highest level of sustainability. Read further...
SiPearl, the designer of the microprocessor for the European exascale supercomputer, is opening its first international subsidiary in Duisburg, in the Ruhr region, in order to build closer connections with its German partners and future clients. Currently a dedicated R&D centre, SiPearl GmbH will also become a regional hub providing support for connected mobility and high performance computing applications. Frank Gorris, who was previously in charge of digital design for several 3G to 5G system-on-chip (SoC) solutions for Intel, will be appointed to head it up in June, supported by a team of highly experienced engineers. Read further...

Applications

Just as a literature buff might explore a novel for recurring themes, physicists and mathematicians search for repeating structures present throughout nature. For example, a certain geometrical structure of knots, which scientists call a Hopfion, manifests itself in unexpected corners of the universe, ranging from particle physics, to biology, to cosmology. Like the Fibonacci spiral and the golden ratio, the Hopfion pattern unites different scientific fields, and deeper understanding of its structure and influence will help scientists to develop transformative technologies. Read further...
Using the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility's (ALCF) Theta supercomputer, a research team led by Princeton University produced pivotal 3D simulations to elucidate the physics behind the collapse of massive stars. Read further...
The European ESTiMatE project - Emissions SooT ModEl - is addressing Europe's 2050 vision of reducing the environmental impact of aviation by developing an advanced modelling and simulation software tool to allow more reliable analysis and prediction of the soot formation process in aero-engines. The tool will be an important factor in designing engines that will consume less fuel and emit fewer emissions, especially soot. Read further...
China's Hunan University, Shanghai Jiao Tong University and Xiamen University have joined an international science group named The Good Hope Net. The scientists from Russia, Finland, Italy, Canada and China have a high priority access to RSC Tornado supercomputer deployed at the Joint Supercomputing Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences (JSCC RAS) for studying methods to fight against the COVID-19 coronavirus infection. This project aims to develop medicine for diagnostics and therapy against the coronavirus contagious disease that became the cause of the global pandemic. Read further...
Penn State researchers will need the power of supercomputers not just to investigate possible treatments and therapies for the novel coronavirus, but also to explore ways to help the world recover socially, economically and psychologically. Read further...
Researchers using Pawsey supercomputing and expertise have recently demonstrated a fast, sensitive diagnostic test for SARS-CoV-2. The new approach can reliably detect lower concentrations of the virus than most existing tests and provides more genetic information about the novel coronavirus for researchers trying to trace its development and spread and create a vaccine. Read further...
The Convergence Accelerator Office in the Office of Integrative Activities at the National Science Foundation (NSF) has awarded two researchers at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) funding to organize COVID-19 information into a transdisciplinary knowledge network that integrates health, pathogen, and environmental data to better track cases to improve analysis and forecasting across the greater San Diego region. Read further...
For thousands of years, humans have produced ceramics by simply combining specific minerals with water or other solvents to create ceramic slurries that cure at room temperature and become some of the hardest known materials. In more recent times, zirconia-based ceramics have been useful for an array of applications ranging from dental implants and artificial joints to jet engine parts. Read further...
Sometimes it is best to work smarter and not harder. The same holds true when it comes to peak performance for databases. One of the big challenges for using databases - whether for health care, Internet of Things or other data-intensive applications - is that higher speeds come at a cost of higher operating costs, leading to over-provisioning of data centres for high data availability and database performance. Read further...
Using US Department of Defense supercomputers, Southwest Research Institute (SwRI) is virtually screening millions of drug compounds to search for and test possible treatment options for the novel coronavirus 2019. The Henry M. Jackson Foundation for the Advancement of Military Medicine Inc. (HJF) has awarded SwRI a $1,9 million, one-year contract to support these efforts to identify potential COVID-19 treatments. HJF supports COVID-19 countermeasure development at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research. Read further...
AMD and technology partner Penguin Computing Inc., a division of SMART Global Holdings Inc. have announced that New York University (NYU), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Rice University are the first universities named to receive complete AMD-powered, high-performance computing systems from the AMD HPC Fund for COVID-19 research. AMD will also contribute a Cloud-based system powered by AMD EPYC and AMD Radeon Instinct processors located on-site at Penguin Computing, providing remote supercomputing capabilities for selected researchers around the world. Combined, the donated systems will collectively provide researchers with more than seven petaflops of compute power that can be applied to fight COVID-19. Read further...
NASA is flexing its supercomputing muscle to help crack some of the most pressing questions surrounding COVID-19, from basic science on how the virus interacts with cells in the human body to genetic risk factors to screening for potential therapeutic drugs. In addition to its support of Earth, planetary, aerospace, heliophysics and astrophysics projects, the agency's supercomputer at NASA's Ames Research Center in California's Silicon Valley, also has an allocation of time on it reserved for national priorities. Read further...
With confirmed cases worldwide surpassing 4,4 million and continuing to grow, scientists are pushing forward with efforts to develop vaccines and treatments to slow the COVID-19 pandemic and lessen the disease's damage. But before a vaccine can be developed, scientists need to fully understand the viral envelope, the outermost layer of the virus, which protects its genetic material when traveling between host cells. The envelopes are typically derived from important proteins on the host cell membrane. The proteins can help the virus avoid the host immune system, but also serve to identify and bind to receptor sites, allowing the virus to enter and infect the host - us. Read further...
New simulations from Imperial College London have revealed the asteroid that doomed the dinosaurs struck Earth at the "deadliest possible" angle. They show that the asteroid hit Earth at an angle of about 60 degrees, which maximised the amount of climate-changing gases thrust into the upper atmosphere. Such a strike likely unleashed billions of tonnes of sulphur, blocking the sun and triggering the nuclear winter that killed the dinosaurs and 75 percent of life on Earth 66 million years ago. Read further...
Coronavirus isn't new - it's been known to science since the 1960s. Most recently, SARS 1 coronavirus triggered a global pandemic in 2003. Except back then, about 8000 people got infected, and around 774 died - a fraction of the current numbers due to SARS 2 that leads to COVID-19. Read further...
Death from sudden cardiac arrest makes headlines when it strikes athletes. But it also causes the most deaths by natural causes in the U.S., estimated at 325.000 per year. According to the Cleveland Clinic, the heart's bio-electrical system goes haywire during arrest. The malfunction can send heartbeats racing out of control, cutting off blood to the body and brain. This differs from a heart attack, which is caused by a blockage of the heart's arteries. The leading risk factors for sudden cardiac arrest are a past attack and the presence of disease. Another risk factor is the side effects from medications, which can cause deadly arrhythmias. Read further...
As the world prays for the quick discovery of a cure for COVID-19, an international team of computational scientists, medicinal chemists, biochemists, and virologists - led by Texas researchers - have coalesced to rapidly identify drug-like molecules that inhibit SARS-CoV-2 replication. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2020-06-02

Exascale supercomputing

Aurora workshop helps researchers ramp up preparations for exascale computing ...

Quantum computing

Pawsey and Quantum Brilliance join forces to advance Australian Quantum Computing ...

A stitch in time: How a quantum physicist invented new code from old tricks ...

Argonne receives two awards from DARPA for quantum information science ...

Focus on Europe

EuroCC and CASTIEL will build European Network of HPC Expertise ...

UK and Switzerland's top supercomputers join COVID-19 HPC Consortium ...

The Power of Language - Lecture by the inventor of Julia programming language ...

Middleware

San Diego Supercomputer Center leverages Bright Cluster Manager in new Expanse supercomputer ...

Hardware

Sandia to receive Fujitsu 'green' processor ...

The concept of creating brain-on-chip revealed ...

Nautilus Data Technologies closes a $100 million capital partnership with Orion Energy Partners ...

CyrusOne deploys liquid to chip cooling solution ...

SiPearl chooses Germany to open its first international operational subsidiary ...

Applications

Novel insight reveals topological tangle in unexpected corner of the universe ...

Largest collection of 3D supernova simulations leads to new insights on explosion dynamics ...

An advanced software tool for enhancing the design of cleaner aero-engines ...

Three Chinese universities joined the multi-national The Good Hope Net project to combat coronavirus ...

Penn State's supercomputer takes on COVID-19 - and its aftermath ...

Pawsey expertise accelerated genome assembly for early COVID-19 detection ...

Fighting COVID-19 with knowledge graphs ...

Supercomputers reveal true strengths of some zirconia ceramics ...

System designed to improve database performance for health care, IoT ...

SwRI awarded $1,9 million contract to develop treatment for COVID-19 in collaboration with DOD ...

AMD COVID-19 HPC Fund to deliver supercomputing clusters to researchers combatting COVID-19 ...

NASA supercomputers power COVID-19 research ...

The doorway into COVID-19: TACC supercomputers Stampede2, Lonestar5 help UTEP researchers shed light on critical proteins ...

Dinosaur-dooming asteroid struck Earth at "deadliest possible" angle ...

SARS coronavirus one and two shared resemblance conceals very different behavioural patterns ...

Supercomputing drug screening for deadly heart arrhythmias ...

Drug discovery researchers from El Paso to Galveston join forces to find new therapeutics to combat the pandemic ...