Primeur weekly 2020-01-20

Focus

What are the implications for EuroHPC of the USA and China fight over Dutch chip manufacturing technology? ...

Quantum computing

How sensitive can a quantum detector be? ...

AlphaZero learns to rule the quantum world ...

US Department of Energy announces $625 million for new quantum centers ...

IDC Financial Insights Presents Inaugural Research on Quantum Computing for Banking ...

Focus on Europe

In 2019 the Spanish Supercomputing Network breaks its record of computing hours allocated to Spanish scientists ...

PRACE Summer of HPC 2020 opens applications ...

Meet the Future - Supercomputing Frontiers Europe 2020 Conference to issue Call for Participation ...

Invitation to apply for the ISC Travel Grant and Student Volunteer programmes ...

Middleware

Kao Data appoints Spencer Lamb as new Vice President of Sales and Marketing ...

Genomics England selects WekaIO to accelerate genomics research for 5 Million Genomes Project ...

OLCF staff involved in Khronos effort to create new visualization standard ...

OLCF is looking into the present and the future of large-scale data science ...

Hardware

New HPC-Cluster for University of Rostock ...

Eight teams successfully running on first NVIDIA and Arm test bed, Wombat at the OLCF ...

Reinventing the computer: Brain-inspired computing for a post-Moore's Law era ...

Solving complex problems at the speed of light ...

WekaIO selected as a Finalist in TechTarget Enterprise Data Storage 2019 Products of Year ...

ScaleMP demonstrates best-in-class large-system results ...

Applications

UC San Diego-led study finds close evolutionary proximity between microbial domains in the 'tree of life' ...

NOAA releases extended version of 20th Century Reanalysis project ...

Banking on a new community isotope database ...

Reducing the risk of blood clots in artificial heart valves ...

Team led by PPPL wins supercomputer time to help capture and control fusion energy ...

Machine learning greatly reduces uncertainty in understanding of paleozoic biodiversity ...

Metal alloys for industrial applications benefit from supercomputer modelling ...

The Cloud

Supermicro expands Oracle relationship with best in class server solutions ...

American Association for Thoracic Surgery adopts HUBzero Cloud platform ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2020-01-20

Focus

To produce computer chips, you need a specialized machine. One of the leaders in chip manufacturing machines is the Dutch company ASML. Its newest technology is a latest-generation lithography system, supporting EUV (UV light etching) volume production at the 7 and 5 nm nodes. It is the only machine of its type in the world, costing about 120 million euro. The technology of this machine is almost completely ASML developed technology. Read further...

Quantum computing

Quantum physics is moving out of the laboratory and into our everyday lives. Despite the big headline results about quantum computers solving problems impossible for classical computers, technical challenges are standing in the way of getting quantum physics into the real world. New research published inNature Communicationsfrom teams at Aalto University and Lund University hopes to provide an important tool in this quest. Read further...
The chess world was amazed when the computer algorithm AlphaZero learned, after just four hours on its own, to beat the best chess programmes built on human expertise. Now a research group at Aarhus University in Denmark has used the very same algorithm to control a quantum computer. Read further...
The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) announced up to $625 million over the next five years to establish two to five multidisciplinary Quantum Information Science (QIS) Research Centers in support of the National Quantum Initiative. Read further...
IDC Financial Insights has announced publication of a two-part series that delves into the world of quantum computing in the context of banking. According to the new reports, quantum computing services will play an important role in the bank's infrastructure arsenal going forward, delivered through cloud services. This initial research will help IT leaders within the banking industry better understand how and where to implement quantum computing to improve existing infrastructure. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The Spanish Supercomputing Network (RES) has closed the year 2019 with a record in the number of processor hours allocated to Spanish researchers in different areas of knowledge such as: Astronomy, Space and Earth Sciences, Biomedicine and Science Life, Engineering, Physics, Mathematics, Solid State Chemistry, Biological Systems Chemistry. Specifically, in 2019, 583,21 million processor hours were made available to Spanish researchers in the 12 supercomputers that are part of this Singular Scientific-Technical Infrastructure. These data represent an increase of 80% of the amount of 2018, almost doubling the total number of hours. Read further...
Late-stage undergraduate and Master's students are invited to apply for the PRACE Summer of HPC 2020 programme, to be held in July & August 2020. Consisting of a training week and two months on placement at top HPC centres around Europe, the programme offers participants the opportunity to learn and share more about PRACE and HPC, and includes accommodation, a stipend and travel to their HPC centre. Applications opened 11thJanuary 2020. The current application deadline is 26 February 2020. Read further...
Supercomputing Frontiers Europe 2020 is a platform for the thought leaders from both academia and industry to interact and discuss the visionary ideas, the most important global trends and substantial innovations in supercomputing. This year the SCEF 2020 will take place in Warsaw, Poland, in March 23-26, 2020. Read further...
The ISC Group calls on early career researchers and university students to take advantage of the ISC Travel Grant and the ISC Student Volunteer programmes, respectively. The programmes are intended to enable these participants to attend the 2020 ISC High Performance conference in Frankfurt Germany, from June 21-25, 2020. Read further...

Middleware

Kao Data, the home of innovation and the UK's leading entrant to the wholesale colocation data centre market, has appointed Spencer Lamb to spearhead the company's growth strategy as Vice President of Sales & Marketing. Read further...
Genomics England has selected the Weka File System (WekaFS) to accelerate genomics research for the 5 Million Genomes Project. Genomics England chose WekaFS to meet the predicted capacity scaling that will be required over the coming five years while delivering the highest performance to its DNA pipeline. Read further...
To those outside the high-performance computing community, supercomputers are a mysterious breed. Rows of refrigerator-sized cabinets span the length of an entire room, connected in an ensemble of fiber-optic cables and networking equipment. But one question remains: where is the monitor? As it turns out, the answer has a lot more to do with visualization tools than hardware. Read further...
Optimizing large sets of data to drive new groundbreaking discoveries is a responsibility that a multidisciplinary team of researchers at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) takes very seriously. The OLCF is a US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility located at DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Read further...

Hardware

Equipped with 88 MEGWARE compute nodes, 16,9 TB DDR4 main memory and a theoretical compute power of 292,9 TFlops RPEAK, the new HPC Cluster provides an excellent framework for future calculations. Once again, MEGWARE was awarded to support the university of Rostock for extending the data centre computing resources. Read further...
Alongside the regular high-performance computing (HPC) resources at supercomputing centres are test beds, small computing clusters that offer HPC experts a chance to explore new architectures before they are considered for deployment at a larger scale. Last year, the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) ventured into new HPC territory when it installed the Arm-based test bed Wombat, powered by pre-production Cavium - now Marvell - ThunderX2 CPU processors and AMD GPUs. Read further...
Since the invention of the transistor in 1947, computing development has seen a consistent doubling of the number of transistors that can fit on a chip. But that trend, known as Moore's Law, may reach its limit as components of submolecular size encounter problems with thermal noise, making further scaling impossible. Read further...
Many of the most challenging optimization problems encountered in various disciplines of science and engineering, from biology and drug discovery to routing and scheduling can be reduced to NP-complete problems. Researchers developed an algorithm dedicated to solving the well-known NP-complete Ising problem with photonics hardware. Read further...
The Weka File System (WekaFS) has been selected as a finalist in the "Storage System and Application Software" category ofStorageMagazine 2019 Product of the Year awards. Read further...
ScaleMP, a provider of virtualization solutions for high-end computing, has accomplished best-ever recorded results for the SPEC CPU 2017 benchmark for any system size of four processors and higher. ScaleMP's results for 32-, 24- and 16-processor systems are now holding the top three positions for best results ever. Read further...

Applications

A comprehensive analysis of 10.575 genomes as part of a multi-national study led by researchers at UC San Diego has revealed close evolutionary proximity between the microbial domains at the base of the tree of life, the branching pattern of evolution described by Charles Darwin more than 160 years ago in his book,On the Origin of Species. Read further...
Calling it a time machine for weather data and a treasure trove for climate researchers, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has released an updated version of the 20thCentury Reanalysis Project (20CRv3) - a high-resolution, four-dimensional reconstruction of the global climate that estimates what the weather was every day back to 1806. Read further...
Stable isotopes act like fingerprints or fibers in forensics, capturing details of where someone or something lived, what it ate or breathed, and how its environment changed over time. Isotopes are variants of elements whose nuclei contain the same number of protons but a different number of neutrons. Some isotopes are unstable and short-lived, but there are approximately 300 known naturally occurring stable isotopes, including common elements like hydrogen, carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen, that possess different numbers of neutrons based on how they formed. Read further...
Most people are familiar with turbulence in aviation: certain wind conditions cause a bumpy passenger flight. But even within human blood vessels, blood flow can be turbulent. Turbulence can appear when blood flows along vessel bends or edges, causing an abrupt change in flow velocity. Turbulent blood flow generates extra forces which increase the odds of blood clots to form. These clots grow slowly until they may be carried along by the bloodstream and cause stroke by blocking an artery in the brain. Read further...
Researchers led by C.S. Chang of the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have been awarded major supercomputer time to address key issues for ITER, the international experiment under construction in France to demonstrate the practicality of fusion energy. The award, from the DOE's Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) programme, renews the third and final year of the team's supercomputer allocation for the current round. Read further...
Previous analyses of global paleobiodiversity have been coarsely resolved to roughly 10 million years, obscuring the effects of ecological processes and events that operate at shorter timescales. Read further...
Using machine learning and simulations, scientists at the US Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have confirmed a relationship between two mechanisms used to explain the ductility properties of magnesium alloys, according to a study published inMaterials & Design. Read further...

The Cloud

Super Micro Computer Inc., a Gold-level member of Oracle PartnerNetwork (OPN), has expanded its relationship by testing and certifying an extensive range of servers with Oracle Linux and Oracle VM Server for x86 (Oracle VM), addressing customer requirements for Cloud and virtualization and enterprise database applications. Supermicro has immediate availability of multiple servers, including 1U/2U Ultra, BigTwin, 2U TwinPro, FatTwin, and 4-way and 8-way MP servers. They are available in various configurations, including 1U, 2U blades, and are qualified to run Oracle Linux 7.6, Oracle Linux 7.7, and Oracle VM 3.4. Read further...
The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS) has adopted an open-source, Cloud-based platform led out of the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) that addresses widely recognized challenges with historical platforms throughout the cardiothoracic surgical community. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2020-01-20

Focus

What are the implications for EuroHPC of the USA and China fight over Dutch chip manufacturing technology? ...

Quantum computing

How sensitive can a quantum detector be? ...

AlphaZero learns to rule the quantum world ...

US Department of Energy announces $625 million for new quantum centers ...

IDC Financial Insights Presents Inaugural Research on Quantum Computing for Banking ...

Focus on Europe

In 2019 the Spanish Supercomputing Network breaks its record of computing hours allocated to Spanish scientists ...

PRACE Summer of HPC 2020 opens applications ...

Meet the Future - Supercomputing Frontiers Europe 2020 Conference to issue Call for Participation ...

Invitation to apply for the ISC Travel Grant and Student Volunteer programmes ...

Middleware

Kao Data appoints Spencer Lamb as new Vice President of Sales and Marketing ...

Genomics England selects WekaIO to accelerate genomics research for 5 Million Genomes Project ...

OLCF staff involved in Khronos effort to create new visualization standard ...

OLCF is looking into the present and the future of large-scale data science ...

Hardware

New HPC-Cluster for University of Rostock ...

Eight teams successfully running on first NVIDIA and Arm test bed, Wombat at the OLCF ...

Reinventing the computer: Brain-inspired computing for a post-Moore's Law era ...

Solving complex problems at the speed of light ...

WekaIO selected as a Finalist in TechTarget Enterprise Data Storage 2019 Products of Year ...

ScaleMP demonstrates best-in-class large-system results ...

Applications

UC San Diego-led study finds close evolutionary proximity between microbial domains in the 'tree of life' ...

NOAA releases extended version of 20th Century Reanalysis project ...

Banking on a new community isotope database ...

Reducing the risk of blood clots in artificial heart valves ...

Team led by PPPL wins supercomputer time to help capture and control fusion energy ...

Machine learning greatly reduces uncertainty in understanding of paleozoic biodiversity ...

Metal alloys for industrial applications benefit from supercomputer modelling ...

The Cloud

Supermicro expands Oracle relationship with best in class server solutions ...

American Association for Thoracic Surgery adopts HUBzero Cloud platform ...