Primeur weekly 2018-11-05

Exascale supercomputing

Cray introduces first exascale-class supercomputer ...

DOE to build next-generation supercomputer at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ...

Crowd computing

FaceMe to use Tatau's distributed supercomputer ...

Quantum computing

Full steam ahead to the quantum web: Mainz University is involved in the European Flagship on Quantum Technologies programme ...

A quantum computer for Europe: Joining forces for new FET flagship project OpenSuperQ ...

Tianhe-2 supercomputer works out the criterion for quantum supremacy ...

A billion euro for quantum research - the Danish contribution ...

One step closer to complex quantum teleportation ...

Tests show integrated quantum chip operations possible ...

Researchers create scalable platform for on-chip quantum emitters ...

Berkeley computer theorists show path to verifying that quantum beats classical ...

Multi-functional quantum bits for future computers ...

Focus on Europe

PRACE to issue The Scientific Case for Computing in Europe 2018-2026 ...

PRACE Digest 2018 now available online ...

Open Edge and HPC Initiative to be launched at SC18 ...

Human brain supercomputer with 1 million processors switched on for first time ...

Middleware

AccelStor unveils the advanced flash data reduction technology for the era of data intensive workloads ...

Bright unveils plans to exhibit at SC18 in Dallas ...

Hardware

Cray reports third quarter 2018 financial results ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center installing new Pitzer Cluster built by Dell EMC ...

SDSC Chief Data Science Officer Ilkay Altintas named an HDSI Fellow ...

Applications

Esther Bron is the winner of the Young eScientist Award 2018 ...

University of Tokyo team becomes Gordon Bell Prize finalist after performing the most complex earthquake simulation to date ...

HPC & Artificial Intelligence: Addressing humanity's grand challenges at SC18 ...

Machine learning to help optimize traffic and reduce pollution ...

The Cloud

Red Hat refines hybrid Cloud innovation with latest version of the world's leading enterprise Linux platform ...

Cloud computing load balancing based on ant colony algorithms improves performance ...

VoiceBase extends deep learning neural network compute to Verne Global ...

HPE delivers first above-the-cloud supercomputing services for astronauts to advance space exploration ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2018-11-05

Exascale supercomputing

Cray Inc. has unveiled its new, revolutionary supercomputing system code-named "Shasta". The system will be showcased next month at the 30th anniversary of the Supercomputing (SC) conference in Dallas, Texas, known as SC18. Shasta is an entirely new design and is set to be the technology that underpins the next era of supercomputing, characterized by exascale performance capability, new data-centric workloads, and an explosion of processor architectures. Read further...
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's National Energy Research Scientific Computing (NERSC) Center has signed a contract with Cray for NERSC's next-generation supercomputer, a pre-exascale machine slated to be delivered in 2020. Named "Perlmutter", in honour of Berkeley Lab's Nobel Prize winning astrophysicist Saul Perlmutter, it is the first NERSC system specifically designed to meet the needs of large-scale simulations as well as data analysis from experimental and observational facilities. Read further...

Crowd computing

FaceMe, a provider of AI-powered 'digital humans' for customer service, and Tatau, supplier of a blockchain-based distributed supercomputer for AI, will work together to increase the speed and scope of the GPU-based processing in FaceMe's advanced AI software. Read further...

Quantum computing

The European Union (EU) has launched a Flagship on Quantum Technologies to promote research into and development of quantum technology throughout Europe. The EU will be investing a total of 1 billion euro over the next ten years. Flagship programmes are large, interdisciplinary European research initiatives. On 29 October 2018 at the Vienna Hofburg, the European Commission launched the flagship initiative and its approved component projects, each of which was previously reviewed in a highly competitive selection process. Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) is involved in two of these projects and will receive funding of about 1.4 million euro. Read further...
The world is currently taking the first steps into the second quantum revolution where quantum technologies will play a decisive part in advanced technology. In the last few years, quantum computing has been elevated from a basic research concept towards a viable Cloud offering which will be affecting people's everyday lives in multiple ways. The collaborative research project OpenSuperQ aims at developing a quantum computing system of up to 100 qubits and to sustainably make it available at a central site for external users. Read further...
Quantum supremacy refers to the super strong calculation capacity of a quantum computer to surpass that of any classical computer. So far, such a quantum computer has not been physically made, but as with the rapid development of quantum technologies in recent years, the voice for pursuing the superiority by quantum computing is more loudly heard and how to quantitatively define the criteria of quantum supremacy becomes a key science question. Recently, a world's first criterion for quantum supremacy was issued, in a research jointly led by Prof. Junjie Wu in National University of Defense Technology and Prof. Xianmin Jin in Shanghai Jiao Tong University. They reported the time needed to calculate boson sampling, a typical task that quantum computers would excel at, in a most powerful classical supercomputer, and the paper was published inNational Science Review. Read further...
Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute at the University of Copenhagen are part of a high-profile European research collaboration where the European Union (EU) will spend a billion euro to develop quantum technologies, which will provide us with 100 percent secure communication, new supercomputers and more sensitive measuring equipment. Read further...
For future technologies such as quantum computers and quantum encryption, the experimental mastery of complex quantum systems is inevitable. Scientists from the University of Vienna have succeeded in making another leap. While physicists are trying to increase the number of so-called qubits, the researchers are pursuing the idea to use more complex quantum systems. The developed methods and technologies could in the future enable the teleportation of complex quantum systems. Read further...
Quantum computers that are capable of solving complex problems, like drug design or machine learning, will require millions of quantum bits - or qubits - connected in an integrated way and designed to correct errors that inevitably occur in fragile quantum systems. Now, an Australian research team has experimentally realized a crucial combination of these capabilities on a silicon chip, bringing the dream of a universal quantum computer closer to reality. Read further...
Household lightbulbs give off a chaotic torrent of energy, as trillions of miniscule light particles - called photons - reflect and scatter in all directions. Quantum light sources, on the other hand, are like light guns that fire single photons one by one, each time they are triggered, enabling them to carry hack-proof digital information - technology attractive to industries such as finance and defense. Read further...
As multiple research groups around the world race to build a scalable quantum computer, questions remain about how the achievement of quantum supremacy will be verified. Quantum supremacy is the term that describes a quantum computer's ability to solve a computational task that would be prohibitively difficult for any classical algorithm. It is considered a critical milestone in quantum computing, but because the very nature of quantum activity defies traditional corroboration, there have been parallel efforts to find a way to prove that quantum supremacy has been achieved. Read further...
Compared to classical computers, future quantum computers are to far more efficiently solve certain computation problems. While conventional computers execute one computation step after the other, quantum computers can execute many computation steps in parallel. This will accelerate processing of large data volumes. The microstructure of certain materials and elements of the quantum bits, however, is of crucial importance. Researchers of KIT study materials for such multi-functional quantum bits. Their project SQUARE is funded by the European Commission with 3 million euro. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The PRACE Scientific Steering Committee has formulated the third version of the scientific case in relation to a number of areas of major societal relevance, and identified both success stories and breakthroughs that will be possible with investments in next generation infrastructure. Read further...
The PRACE Digest aims to cover a variety of HPC applications in different research fields, and the 2018 issue includes again a number of interesting topics. Read further...
Atos, E4 Computer Engineering, Fraunhofer Fokus, Forschungszentrum Juelich, Huawei, Mellanox and SUSE are joining forces to launch the Open Edge and HPC Initiative (OEHI). The launch will take place on November 14th, 2018, 04:00 pm to 05:00 pm, at the Party Pad Room, Lower Level, The Aloft Dallas Downtown, 1033 Young St. Dallas in Texas. Read further...
The world's largest neuromorphic supercomputer designed and built to work in the same way a human brain does has been fitted with its landmark one-millionth processor core and is being switched on for the first time. The newly formed million-processor-core "Spiking Neural Network Architecture" or "SpiNNaker" machine is capable of completing more than 200 million million actions per second, with each of its chips having 100 million moving parts. Read further...

Middleware

AccelStor, a manufacturer of innovative all-flash arrays (AFAs), has launched the latest version of its intelligent firmware, NeoSapphire OS version 4.0 that features award-winning FlexiRemap and revolutionary data reduction technology, which features both inline and background FlexiDedupe and enhanced compression. Read further...
Bright Computing has unveiled its plans for Supercomputing 2018, the international conference for high performance computing, networking, storage, and analysis, to be held at the Kay Bailey Hutchison Convention Center in Dallas, Texas. Read further...

Hardware

Cray Inc. has issued financial results for its third quarter ended September 30, 2018. All figures are based on U.S. GAAP unless otherwise noted. Revenue for the third quarter of 2018 was $92.8 million, compared to $79.7 million in the third quarter of 2017. Net loss for the third quarter of 2018 was $22.4 million, or $0.55 per diluted share, compared to a net loss of $10.2 million, or $0.25 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2017. Non-GAAP net loss was $19.3 million, or $0.47 per diluted share for the third quarter of 2018, compared to non-GAAP net loss of $13.3 million, or $0.33 per diluted share in the third quarter of 2017. Read further...
Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC) engineers and Dell EMC specialists are testing and preparing to deploy the centre's newest, most efficient supercomputer system, the liquid-cooled, Dell EMC-built Pitzer Cluster. Read further...
San Diego Supercomputer Center's (SDSC) Chief Data Science Officer (CDSO) Ilkay Altintas has been named a Fellow of the Halıcıoglu Data Science Institute (HDSI) at the University of California San Diego for her role in the stewardship of HDSI cyberinfrastructure (CI) resources and services, effective with the fall 2018 term. Read further...

Applications

Esther Bron, post-doc researcher at the Biomedical Imaging Group Rotterdam, Erasmus MC, has been awarded the Young eScientist Award 2018. The prize aims to stimulate a young scientist demonstrating excellence in eScience: the development or application of digital technology to address scientific challenges. The prize will be used to undertake a joint research project, in which Esther Bron will receive support by eScience Research Engineers, experts in the development and application of research software. Read further...
During a large earthquake, energy rips through the ground in the form of seismic waves that can wreak havoc on densely populated areas, causing destruction to property and loss of human life. The effects of earthquakes can be difficult to predict, and even the best modelling and simulation techniques have thus far been unable to capture some of these earthquakes' more complex characteristics. Read further...
To solve humanity's most complex and demanding problems ranging from creating sustainable global food production and preventing infectious disease epidemics to ensuring the safety of our planet and natural resources is the HPC community's next grand challenge. Read further...
Applying artificial intelligence to self-driving cars to smooth traffic, reduce fuel consumption, and improve air quality predictions may sound like the stuff of science fiction, but researchers at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have launched two research projects to do just that. Read further...

The Cloud

Red Hat Inc., a global provider of open source solutions, has made available Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6, a consistent hybrid Cloud foundation for enterprise IT built on open source innovation. Red Hat Enterprise Linux 7.6 is designed to enable organisations to better keep pace with emerging Cloud-native technologies while still supporting stable IT operations across enterprise IT's four footprints. Read further...
Cloud computing has strongly contributed to the revolution of the traditional IT model. This paradigm has also contributed to the rise of applications using large amounts of data. Particularly, the quality of service and cost are two major points in the Cloud environment. This new concept which proposes to offer applications and IT infrastructures in the form of service available on demand and payable according to the duration of use must optimize both the performance of its resources and the respect of attractive pricing policies. Read further...
VoiceBase, a provider of speech analytics for the Cloud, is utilising Verne Global's HPC-optimised bare-metal infrastructure - hpcDIRECT - to accelerate the development of new artificial intelligence (AI) powered voice analytics services. Read further...
Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) is opening high-performance computing (HPC) capabilities to astronauts on the International Space Station (ISS) as part of its continued experiments on the Spaceborne Computer project. Spaceborne Computer is the first commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) supercomputer that HPE and NASA launched into space for a one-year experiment to test resiliency and performance, achieving one teraFLOP (a trillion floating point operations per second) and successfully operating on the International Space Station (ISS). Read further...

Primeur weekly 2018-11-05

Exascale supercomputing

Cray introduces first exascale-class supercomputer ...

DOE to build next-generation supercomputer at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ...

Crowd computing

FaceMe to use Tatau's distributed supercomputer ...

Quantum computing

Full steam ahead to the quantum web: Mainz University is involved in the European Flagship on Quantum Technologies programme ...

A quantum computer for Europe: Joining forces for new FET flagship project OpenSuperQ ...

Tianhe-2 supercomputer works out the criterion for quantum supremacy ...

A billion euro for quantum research - the Danish contribution ...

One step closer to complex quantum teleportation ...

Tests show integrated quantum chip operations possible ...

Researchers create scalable platform for on-chip quantum emitters ...

Berkeley computer theorists show path to verifying that quantum beats classical ...

Multi-functional quantum bits for future computers ...

Focus on Europe

PRACE to issue The Scientific Case for Computing in Europe 2018-2026 ...

PRACE Digest 2018 now available online ...

Open Edge and HPC Initiative to be launched at SC18 ...

Human brain supercomputer with 1 million processors switched on for first time ...

Middleware

AccelStor unveils the advanced flash data reduction technology for the era of data intensive workloads ...

Bright unveils plans to exhibit at SC18 in Dallas ...

Hardware

Cray reports third quarter 2018 financial results ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center installing new Pitzer Cluster built by Dell EMC ...

SDSC Chief Data Science Officer Ilkay Altintas named an HDSI Fellow ...

Applications

Esther Bron is the winner of the Young eScientist Award 2018 ...

University of Tokyo team becomes Gordon Bell Prize finalist after performing the most complex earthquake simulation to date ...

HPC & Artificial Intelligence: Addressing humanity's grand challenges at SC18 ...

Machine learning to help optimize traffic and reduce pollution ...

The Cloud

Red Hat refines hybrid Cloud innovation with latest version of the world's leading enterprise Linux platform ...

Cloud computing load balancing based on ant colony algorithms improves performance ...

VoiceBase extends deep learning neural network compute to Verne Global ...

HPE delivers first above-the-cloud supercomputing services for astronauts to advance space exploration ...