Primeur weekly 2018-09-24

Exascale supercomputing

Five Gordon Bell finalists credit Summit for Vanguard Computational Science ...

LLNL/LBNL team named as Gordon Bell Award finalists for work on modelling neutron lifespans ...

Spack, a Lab-developed app store for supercomputers, becoming standard-bearer ...

Crowd computing

Putting underused smart devices to work ...

Quantum computing

An almost perfect material for research into quantum effects ...

Fujitsu Laboratories and Waseda University agree to comprehensively collaborate on Digital Annealer research ...

Two quantum dots are better than one: Using one dot to sense changes in another ...

Focus on Europe

CLAIRE: A need to take bold steps to keep Europe competitive in Artificial Intelligence ...

Middleware

SUSE and University of Delaware join the OpenMP effort ...

MathWorks expands deep learning capabilities in Release 2018b of the MATLAB and Simulink product families ...

Hardware

Japan's Railway Technical Research Institute boosts research with new Cray XC50 supercomputer ...

The Institute for Basic Science in South Korea awards Cray contract to help advance scientific research ...

Supermicro introduces AI inference-optimized new GPU server with up to 20 NVIDIA Tesla T4 accelerators in 4U ...

Fujitsu develops platform technology to support high speed processing of massive data in distributed storage ...

Applications

Nuclear pasta, the hardest known substance in the universe ...

Matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light ...

Ashleigh Barnes adds functionality to the LSDalton chemistry code to solve bigger problems on Summit ...

Summit speeds calculations in the search for exotic particles ...

Titan speeds inquiry into engine alloys that can take the heat ...

ANSYS 19.2 delivers faster problem-solving capabilities across the entire portfolio ...

Artificial intelligence can determine lung cancer type ...

AI used to detect fetal heart problems ...

Brown University awarded $3.5 million to speed up atomic-scale computer simulations ...

The Cloud

NetApp acquires StackPointCloud ...

Hybrid and dedicated Clouds to help drive massive growth for machine learning projects over next two years ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2018-09-24

Exascale supercomputing

Ambitious supercomputers attract ambitious users. After debuting as the world's fastest supercomputer in June, the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility's (OLCF) 200-petaflop Summit is already demonstrating its utility for solving complex computational challenges with unprecedented speed. Read further...
A team of scientists and physicists headed by the Lawrence Livermore (LLNL) and Lawrence Berkeley (LBNL) national laboratories has been named as one of six finalists for the prestigious 2018 Gordon Bell Award, one of the world's top honours in supercomputing. Read further...
Spack, a Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) developed open source package manager optimized for high performance computing (HPC), is making waves throughout the HPC community, including internationally, as evidenced by a recent tour of European HPC facilities by the tool's developers. Read further...

Crowd computing

There are currently millions of heavily underutilized devices in the world. The storage, networking, sensing and computational power of laptops, smartphones, routers or base stations grows with each new version and product release. Why not put all those extra gigabytes of memory and those powerful processing units to work collaboratively and expand the services available to all of us? Read further...

Quantum computing

Researchers at the MESA+ research institute of the University of Twente, working together with colleagues in Delft and Eindhoven, have successfully developed nanowires allowing individual electrons to be captured by a 'quantum dot' on which superconductivity can take place. This means such nanowires could play a role in the development of quantum computers. The results were published in the science journalAdvanced Materialson September 10, 2018. Read further...
Fujitsu Laboratories and Waseda University have signed a comprehensive collaborative activity agreement for joint research on the Digital Annealer, Fujitsu's quantum-inspired computational architecture that is capable of solving combinatorial optimization problems with stunning speed. Read further...
Osaka University researchers developed the first device that can detect single-electron events in a self-assembled quantum dot in real time. The device detects the single-electron tunneling events of one quantum dot as changes in the current produced by a second quantum dot in close proximity. This device allows single-electron events in quantum dots to be investigated, which is beneficial for the development of photonic devices and quantum computing. Read further...

Focus on Europe

European Artificial Intelligence (AI) is at a crossroads, given the huge investments in the technology in the US and China. "Bold and disruptive steps must be taken very quickly to maintain Europe's strong position in artificial intelligence" is the clear message sent by over 100 key representatives of the European AI community at a meeting on September 7, 2018 in Brussels. The meeting was organized by CLAIRE - Confederation of Laboratories for Artificial Intelligence Research in Europe, a quickly growing grassroots initiative of top European researchers and stakeholders in artificial intelligence, with already over 2100 supporters from 29 countries. CLAIRE aims for "AI made in Europe, for Europe and the world". Read further...

Middleware

SUSE and the University of Delaware have joined the OpenMP ARB, a group of hardware and software vendors and research organisations creating the standard for the most popular shared-memory parallel programming model in use today. Read further...
MathWorks has introduced Release 2018b of MATLAB and Simulink. The release contains significant enhancements for deep learning, along with new capabilities and bug fixes across the product families. The new Deep Learning Toolbox, which replaces Neural Network Toolbox, provides engineers and scientists with a framework for designing and implementing deep neural networks. Now, image processing, computer vision, signal processing, and systems engineers can use MATLAB to more easily design complex network architectures and improve the performance of their deep learning models. Read further...

Hardware

Cray Inc. has delivered and installed a Cray XC50 supercomputer and a ClusterStor L300 storage system at Railway Technical Research Institute (RTRI), the research and development arm for Japan Railways Group. The supercomputer will be used to perform railway research in the areas of applying new technologies and materials, enhancing simulation techniques, analyzing railway-specific phenomena and improving evaluation methods. Read further...
The Institute for Basic Science (IBS) has awarded Cray a contract valued at $9 million for a Cray XC50 supercomputer and Cray ClusterStor L300 storage system. The new supercomputer, paired with the scale-out Lustre storage solution, will provide high-performance capabilities for IBS to expand research in climate physics and work toward its goal of improving decadal earth system forecasts and long-term future climate projections. Read further...
Super Micro Computer Inc., a global expert in enterprise computing, storage, networking solutions and green computing technology, is introducing the latest additions to its extensive line of GPU-optimized servers. Artificial intelligence (AI) is quickly becoming one of the most crucial components to business success now and in the foreseeable future. Today, the necessity of deploying powerful computing platforms that can accelerate and cost-effectively scale their AI-based products and services has become vital for successful enterprises. Read further...
Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. has developed a technology that offers both high speed data-processing and high-capacity storage in distributed storage systems, in order to speed up the processing of ever-increasing volumes of data. Read further...

Applications

A team of scientists has calculated the strength of the material deep inside the crust of neutron stars and found it to be the strongest known material in the universe. Matthew Caplan, a postdoctoral research fellow at McGill University, and his colleagues from Indiana University and the California Institute of Technology, successfully ran the largest computer simulations ever conducted of neutron star crusts, becoming the first to describe how these break. Read further...
A UK team of astronomers report the first detection of matter falling into a black hole at 30% of the speed of light, located in the centre of the billion-light year distant galaxy PG211+143. The team, led by Professor Ken Pounds of the University of Leicester, used data from the European Space Agency's X-ray observatory XMM-Newton to observe the black hole. Their results appear in a new paper inMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. Read further...
Until eighth grade, Ashleigh Barnes wanted to work in mission control at NASA. Her love of numbers, she thought, would come in handy for maneuvering the computer systems that monitor and communicate with spacecraft. Today, she is a postdoctoral research associate who works with the world's most powerful supercomputer, the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility's (OLCF) 200-petaflop IBM AC922 Summit. However, she isn't navigating space. Instead, she is navigating a chemistry code called LSDalton - or Linear Scaling Dalton - that has applications in fields such as chemistry, biochemistry, and materials science. Ashleigh Barnes works in the Scientific Computing (SciComp) Group at the OLCF, a US Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Science User Facility located at DOE’s Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Read further...
In pursuit of numerical predictions for exotic particles, researchers are simulating atom-building quark and gluon particles over 70 times faster on Summit, the world's most powerful scientific supercomputer, than on its predecessor Titan at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). The interactions of quarks and gluons are computed using lattice quantum chromodynamics (QCD) - a computer-friendly version of the mathematical framework that describes these strong-force interactions. Read further...
Simulations performed on the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility (OLCF) filled in a knowledge gap about high-temperature-capable alloys and inspired engineers to successfully develop a new cast aluminum-copper alloy that promises to withstand engine temperatures as high as 300°C - a temperature too extreme for current aluminum alloys - and offer more design flexibility. Read further...
From innovative fluids meshing technology to improved workflows for safety analysis to an innovative system coupling engine, the newly released ANSYS 19.2 enables customers to solve their most difficult product development challenges faster than ever. Read further...
A new computer program can analyze images of patients' lung tumours, specify cancer types, and even identify altered genes driving abnormal cell growth, a new study shows. Read further...
A research group led by scientists from the RIKEN Center for Advanced Intelligence Project (AIP) have developed a novel system that can automatically detect abnormalities in fetal hearts in real-time using artificial intelligence (AI). This technology could help examiners to avoid missing severe and complex congenital heart abnormalities that require prompt treatments, leading to early diagnosis and well-planned treatment plans, and could contribute to the development of perinatal or neonatal medicine. Read further...
With a new grant from the U.S. Department of Energy, a Brown University-led research team will use machine learning to speed up atom-level simulations of chemical reactions and the properties of materials. Read further...

The Cloud

NetApp, a data authority for hybrid Cloud, has acquired StackPointCloud, an expert in multi-Cloud Kubernetes as-a-service and a contributor to the Kubernetes project. The combination of StackPointCloud with NetApp creates NetApp Kubernetes Service, the industry's first complete Kubernetes platform for multi-Cloud deployments and a complete Cloud-based stack for Azure, Google Cloud, AWS, and NetApp HCI. NetApp will also benefit from the knowledge and experience of StackPointCloud's CEO Matt Baldwin and other members of the team. Read further...
Machine learning (ML) is poised for explosive growth over the next two years with an increasing number of projects moving into production by 2020, based on a recent survey of more than 344 technology and IT professionals titled "The Future of Machine Learning", conducted by technology marketing organisation, Dimensional Research. Though a diverse set of ML projects are currently initiated by 93% of the respondents, only 22% of these projects have actually moved into production, citing migration as the top technical challenge. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2018-09-24

Exascale supercomputing

Five Gordon Bell finalists credit Summit for Vanguard Computational Science ...

LLNL/LBNL team named as Gordon Bell Award finalists for work on modelling neutron lifespans ...

Spack, a Lab-developed app store for supercomputers, becoming standard-bearer ...

Crowd computing

Putting underused smart devices to work ...

Quantum computing

An almost perfect material for research into quantum effects ...

Fujitsu Laboratories and Waseda University agree to comprehensively collaborate on Digital Annealer research ...

Two quantum dots are better than one: Using one dot to sense changes in another ...

Focus on Europe

CLAIRE: A need to take bold steps to keep Europe competitive in Artificial Intelligence ...

Middleware

SUSE and University of Delaware join the OpenMP effort ...

MathWorks expands deep learning capabilities in Release 2018b of the MATLAB and Simulink product families ...

Hardware

Japan's Railway Technical Research Institute boosts research with new Cray XC50 supercomputer ...

The Institute for Basic Science in South Korea awards Cray contract to help advance scientific research ...

Supermicro introduces AI inference-optimized new GPU server with up to 20 NVIDIA Tesla T4 accelerators in 4U ...

Fujitsu develops platform technology to support high speed processing of massive data in distributed storage ...

Applications

Nuclear pasta, the hardest known substance in the universe ...

Matter falling into a black hole at 30 percent of the speed of light ...

Ashleigh Barnes adds functionality to the LSDalton chemistry code to solve bigger problems on Summit ...

Summit speeds calculations in the search for exotic particles ...

Titan speeds inquiry into engine alloys that can take the heat ...

ANSYS 19.2 delivers faster problem-solving capabilities across the entire portfolio ...

Artificial intelligence can determine lung cancer type ...

AI used to detect fetal heart problems ...

Brown University awarded $3.5 million to speed up atomic-scale computer simulations ...

The Cloud

NetApp acquires StackPointCloud ...

Hybrid and dedicated Clouds to help drive massive growth for machine learning projects over next two years ...