Primeur weekly 2018-07-23

Focus

In 25 years from now we will not have a TOP500 list of supercomputers anymore ...

Optical bandwidth steering and adaptable architectures possibly pave way for exascale computing ...

Exascale supercomputing

New Exascale Computing Project co-design centre to focus on exascale machine learning ...

Quantum computing

Physicists have successfully run the largest quantum computing simulation to date, a key step in becoming quantum-ready ...

A refined magnetic sense ...

A step closer to quantum computers: NUS researchers show how to directly observe quantum spin effects ...

Reversing cause and effect is no trouble for quantum computers ...

Focus on Europe

SURF advocates a strong Europe in the field of high performance computing ...

FAU team models energy efficiency at the processor level, wins 2018 Gauss Award ...

Middleware

Penguin Computing unveils powerful new solution that delivers geographically dispersed data at landmark speeds while also providing easy access ...

Securely linking and analysing scientific data with ODISSEI Data Facility ...

Hardware

Penguin Computing to deliver Irish National Supercomputer as part of European expansion ...

National Institute for Nuclear Physics in Italy adopts AMD EPYC processor for future research efforts ...

Mellanox achieves another record quarter ...

Xilinx announces the acquisition of DeePhi Tech ...

NovuMind AI software powers medical supercomputer ...

Micron and Intel announce update to 3D XPoint joint development programme ...

Applications

New study reveals how foreign kelp surfed to Antarctica ...

How machine learning can improve HPC applications ...

SURFsara to create a national servicedesk for the international ELIXIR research infrastructure ...

Blood flow in the heart revealed in a flash ...

NIST researchers simulate simple logic for nanofluidic computing ...

Test tube artificial neural network recognizes 'molecular handwriting' ...

Berkeley Lab researchers use machine learning to search science data ...

Eagle-eyed machine learning algorithm outdoes human experts ...

Researchers move closer to completely optical artificial neural network ...

TOP500

InfiniBand powers world's new leading supercomputer and connects majority of TOP500 list HPC systems ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2018-07-23

Focus

Discussing at the 25th anniversary panel discussion at ISC 2018 in Frankfurt, the panelists, Yutong Lu, Steve Conway, Thomas Schulthess and Steve Scott were also asked about the TOP500 list in 25 years from now by Panel Chair, Horst Simon. In a somewhat provoking statement, Thomas Schulthess said he did not think the TOP500 list will be relevant anymore in 25 years from now. The importance of the TOP500 for HPC for the first 25 years, however, was very important, the panelists agreed. The simplicity of the benchmark used for the TOP500 is its strongest point, leading to a historical record of 25 years of HPC industry information. However, more and more the benchmark is less and less representing real application performance. But the panel did not really propose to change the LINPACK HPL benchmark underlying the TOP500, but rather to augment it. Read further...
The second keynote speaker at ISC'18 in Frankfurt, Germany, was Keren Bergman from the Lightwave Research Lab at Colombia University. In order to respond to the ever increasing demand for more compute power and storage and faster networking she presented the alternative option of photonics. In Keren Bergman's lab experiments are currently being performed in a testbed to investigate how embedded photonics could contribute to the growing needs for higher performance and flexible scalability in HPC architectures. Read further...

Exascale supercomputing

The Exascale Computing Project (ECP) has launced ExaLearn, a new ECP co-design centre focusing on exascale machine-learning technologies. The goal of the project is to provide exascale machine-learning software for use by ECP applications projects, other ECP co-design centres and U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) experimental facilities and computing facilities. Read further...

Quantum computing

If a quantum computer were a racing car it wouldn't so much speed past a Formula One, it would simply take a private shortcut to appear at the finishing line just after the starting gun fires. And if you walked over to look under the hood to see how it worked, the engine would promptly collapse to just one random component, like a sparkplug. This is the weirdness of the quantum world where the normal laws of physics at the atomic level become, as Einstein put it, "spooky". Read further...
The field of quantum science and technology experiences an ever-intensifying flurry of activity. The headlines are currently dominated by reports on progress towards building quantum computers that outperform their classical counterparts at specific computational tasks. A key challenge in that quest is to increase the quality and number of basic building blocks - known as quantum bits, or qubits - that can be connected to perform collectively quantum computations. The benchmark where a 'quantum advantage' is expected to emerge is at 50 or so qubits, and that goal is coming into sight. Read further...
With companies like Google, Microsoft, and IBM all racing to create the world's first practical quantum computer, scientists worldwide are exploring the potential materials that could be used to build them. Now, Associate Professor Yang Hyunsoo and his team from the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the National University of Singapore (NUS) Faculty of Engineering have demonstrated a new method which could be used to bring quantum computing closer to reality. Read further...
Watch a movie backwards and you'll likely get confused - but a quantum computer wouldn't. That's the conclusion of researcher Mile Gu at the Centre for Quantum Technologies (CQT) at the National University of Singapore and Nanyang Technological University and collaborators. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The semi-annual TOP500 list of fastest supercomputers has a new number one: the American Summit supercomputer. Meanwhile, the Netherlands is working hard on a new National Supercomputer. This HPC facility must also contribute to strengthening Europe's competitive position, according to Anwar Osseyran, director at SURF. Read further...
Researchers from the Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) were awarded the 2018 Gauss Award during the opening session of ISC18 in Frankfurt, Germany. The award, which recognizes the most outstanding research paper presented during the annual conference, comes with a 3,000 euro prize and a keynote talk about the paper during the conference. This is the tenth consecutive year that the Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GCS) has sponsored this award at ISC. Read further...

Middleware

Penguin Computing has made available the Accelion managed data access platform, a complete managed file transfer and remote access solution that gives global, cross-functional teams the ability to work with vast amounts of geographically dispersed data and do so with greater speed, security, reliability and accessibility while unifying operations and accelerating collaboration. Read further...
SURF is working with Statistics Netherlands (CBS) on a virtual IT environment that allows researchers to analyse linked data in a high performance computing environment: the ODISSEI Data Facility (ODF). Read further...

Hardware

Penguin Computing, a subsidiary of SMART Global Holdings Inc. and provider of high-performance computing (HPC), artificial intelligence (AI), enterprise data centre and Cloud solutions, will deliver the new national supercomputer to the Irish Centre for High-End Computing (ICHEC) at the National University of Ireland (NUI) Galway. Read further...
The National Institute for Nuclear Physics (INFN) in Italy has picked the AMD EPYC 7351 processor to power its high-performance computing cluster. INFN, a European research institution, conducts theoretical and experimental research in the fields of subnuclear, nuclear, and astroparticle physics while offering access to its exceptional processing resources across Europe. Read further...
Mellanox Technologies Ltd., a supplier of high-performance, end-to-end interconnect solutions for data centre servers and storage systems, has issued financial results for its second quarter 2018 ended June 30, 2018. Read further...
Xilinx Inc., an expert in adaptive and intelligent computing, has acquired DeePhi Technology Co. Ltd., a Beijing-based privately held start-up with industry-leading capabilities in machine learning, specializing in deep compression, pruning, and system-level optimization for neural networks. Read further...
NovuMind Inc., an innovator in full-stack Artificial Intelligence technologies, will participate in the Shennong Supercomputer Project in the city of Chengdu. The Shennong Supercomputer, named after the legendary figure credited with inventing Chinese medicine, is a powerful platform dedicated to training AI deep learning models for diagnostic imaging and medical research. The system utilizes software originally developed by NovuMind for training of deep learning models on its NovuStar distributed AI training platform. Read further...
Micron and Intel have performed an update to their 3D XPoint joint development partnership, which has resulted in the development of an entirely new class of non-volatile memory with dramatically lower latency and exponentially greater endurance than NAND memory. Read further...

Applications

A research team led by the Australian National University (ANU) has found the first proof that Antarctica is not isolated from the rest of the Earth, with the discovery that foreign kelp had drifted 20,000 kilometres before surfing to the continent's icy shores. Read further...
Together with partners from various scientific domains SURF is investigating whether and how machine learning and deep learning are suitable technologies to augment, accelerate or replace scientific workloads on a supercomputer. The team does this within the SURF Open Innovation Lab project Machine learning enhanced high performance computing applications. Read further...
SURFsara has developed a proof of concept of an ELIXIR supportdesk based on its national servicedesk model. The supportdesk assists users in ELIXIR ID and service registration using the ELIXIR Authentication and Authorisation Infrastructure (AAI). It is now ready to be further applied within ELIXIR's European research infrastructure for life sciences. Read further...
Researchers at Linköping University have for the first time been able to use information from computer tomography images to simulate the heart function of an individual patient. Some of the modelling methods they use have been developed in the motor industry. Read further...
Invigorating the idea of computers based on fluids instead of silicon, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have shown how computational logic operations could be performed in a liquid medium by simulating the trapping of ions (charged atoms) in graphene (a sheet of carbon atoms) floating in saline solution. The scheme might also be used in applications such as water filtration, energy storage or sensor technology. Read further...
Researchers at Caltech have developed an artificial neural network made out of DNA that can solve a classic machine learning problem: correctly identifying handwritten numbers. The work is a significant step in demonstrating the capacity to program artificial intelligence into synthetic biomolecular circuits. Read further...
As scientific datasets increase in both size and complexity, the ability to label, filter and search this deluge of information has become a laborious, time-consuming and sometimes impossible task, without the help of automated tools. Read further...
Artificial intelligence is now so smart that silicon brains frequently outthink people. Computers operate self-driving cars, pick friends' faces out of photos on Facebook, and are learning to take on jobs typically entrusted only to human experts. Researchers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and Oak Ridge National Laboratory have trained computers to quickly and consistently detect and analyze microscopic radiation damage to materials under consideration for nuclear reactors. And the computers bested humans in this arduous task. Read further...
Researchers have shown that it is possible to train artificial neural networks directly on an optical chip. The significant breakthrough demonstrates that an optical circuit can perform a critical function of an electronics-based artificial neural network and could lead to less expensive, faster and more energy efficient ways to perform complex tasks such as speech or image recognition. Read further...

TOP500

The InfiniBand Trade Association (IBTA), a global organisation dedicated to maintaining and furthering the InfiniBand specification, has highlighted the latest TOP500 List results that report the world's new fastest supercomputer, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Summit system, is accelerated by InfiniBand EDR. InfiniBand now powers the top three and four of the top five systems. The latest rankings underscore InfiniBand's continued position as the interconnect of choice for the industry's most demanding high performance computing (HPC) platforms. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2018-07-23

Focus

In 25 years from now we will not have a TOP500 list of supercomputers anymore ...

Optical bandwidth steering and adaptable architectures possibly pave way for exascale computing ...

Exascale supercomputing

New Exascale Computing Project co-design centre to focus on exascale machine learning ...

Quantum computing

Physicists have successfully run the largest quantum computing simulation to date, a key step in becoming quantum-ready ...

A refined magnetic sense ...

A step closer to quantum computers: NUS researchers show how to directly observe quantum spin effects ...

Reversing cause and effect is no trouble for quantum computers ...

Focus on Europe

SURF advocates a strong Europe in the field of high performance computing ...

FAU team models energy efficiency at the processor level, wins 2018 Gauss Award ...

Middleware

Penguin Computing unveils powerful new solution that delivers geographically dispersed data at landmark speeds while also providing easy access ...

Securely linking and analysing scientific data with ODISSEI Data Facility ...

Hardware

Penguin Computing to deliver Irish National Supercomputer as part of European expansion ...

National Institute for Nuclear Physics in Italy adopts AMD EPYC processor for future research efforts ...

Mellanox achieves another record quarter ...

Xilinx announces the acquisition of DeePhi Tech ...

NovuMind AI software powers medical supercomputer ...

Micron and Intel announce update to 3D XPoint joint development programme ...

Applications

New study reveals how foreign kelp surfed to Antarctica ...

How machine learning can improve HPC applications ...

SURFsara to create a national servicedesk for the international ELIXIR research infrastructure ...

Blood flow in the heart revealed in a flash ...

NIST researchers simulate simple logic for nanofluidic computing ...

Test tube artificial neural network recognizes 'molecular handwriting' ...

Berkeley Lab researchers use machine learning to search science data ...

Eagle-eyed machine learning algorithm outdoes human experts ...

Researchers move closer to completely optical artificial neural network ...

TOP500

InfiniBand powers world's new leading supercomputer and connects majority of TOP500 list HPC systems ...