Primeur weekly 2018-07-16

Exascale supercomputing

How to fit a planet inside a computer: Developing the Energy Exascale Earth System model ...

Quantum computing

D-Wave demonstrates large-scale programmable quantum simulation ...

Semiconductor quantum transistor opens door for photon-based computing ...

Focus on Europe

Tachyum opens EU Office as Europe pursues technological sovereignty ...

CSCS will store petabyte data for the Paul Scherrer Institute ...

Atos launches construction of global High Performance Computing Test Lab in Angers ...

Hardware

Quobyte to be implemented by the Science and Technology Facilities Council to manage JASMIN super-data-cluster facility's 42PB of storage ...

NEC andQuobyte deliver complete storage solution stack to HLRS supercomputing site to boost HPC workload efficiency ...

Squirrels Research Labs announces Acorn cryptocurrency acceleration hardware ...

On the path to new high-performance transistors ...

Imec demonstrates hybrid FinFET-Silicon photonics technology for ultra-low power optical I/O ...

Imec reports breakthrough in extending interconnects beyond the 3nm technology node ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center names new system after Russell Pitzer ...

TACC donates innovative, first-of-its-kind Sun Microsystems Magnum switch to Computer History Museum ...

Applications

IceCube neutrinos point to long-sought cosmic ray accelerator ...

Research team improves code to benefit industrial engineers ...

Ohio middle school girls headed to STEM summer experience ...

Seven University of Wyoming research projects garner use of Cheyenne supercomputer ...

Breakthrough in construction of computers for mimicking human brain ...

Researchers couple artificial atom to acoustic resonator ...

IBM-EPFL-NJIT team demonstrates novel synaptic architecture for brain inspired computing ...

The Cloud

DataDirect Networks stages bid to acquire Tintri's assets and expand its storage portfolio into the enterprise ...

Adaptive Computing changes product name from "Moab" to "Moab Cloud for the HPC Suite" ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2018-07-16

Exascale supercomputing

The Earth was apparently losing water. Ruby Leung, a scientist from the Department of Energy's (DOE) Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), and her team were baffled by their results. Read further...

Quantum computing

D-Wave Systems Inc., an expert in quantum computing systems and software, has published a significant scientific result in the peer-reviewed journalScienceon July 13, 2018. The article, titled "Phase transitions in a programmable quantum spin glass simulator", details how a D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer was used to predict phase transitions within a particular quantum mechanical system known as the transverse field Ising model. This work has significantly raised the bar in regards to size and complexity of the problems addressed by fully programmable quantum computers. The D-Wave system is capable of programming the individual interactions between spins, whereas prior work with other quantum devices was limited to studying systems in which those interactions could not be individually programmed. Read further...
The highly anticipated quantum science-based revolution in information technology requires the development of groundbreaking hardware comparable in function to the transistors used in today's computers. Researchers at the University of Maryland's A. James Clark School of Engineering and Joint Quantum Institute (JQI) have cleared a hurdle in the development of such quantum-compatible hardware with their demonstration of the first single-photon transistor using a semiconductor chip. Read further...

Focus on Europe

Tachyum Ltd., a US-based semiconductor company backed by IPM Growth, opens its first European office in Slovakia. Tachyum is on track to unveil its disruptive new Universal Processor chip, code named Prodigy, by the end of next year. Prodigy will provide unprecedented compute performance and power efficiency for Data Center and AI applications, and it will enable a new generation of supercomputers. By adopting Tachyum Prodigy, the EU may become the world's high-performance computing leader. Read further...
Storing and archiving data is part of everyday life at the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS). However, transferring huge amounts of data - including ongoing research projects online across Switzerland as well as an entire data archive containing decades of major completed projects - via fibre-optic cable presents a logistical challenge. That was made clear by a recent project between the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) in Villigen and CSCS in Lugano. PSI and its researchers have been using supercomputers at CSCS, part of ETH Zurich, for around 15 years. The institute will now also store its data at CSCS - specifically data generated by the large-scale research facilities of the new SwissFEL X-ray laser and Swiss Lightsource (SLS). A total of 10 to 20 petabytes of data is produced every year. For comparison, if you wanted to save a petabyte of data on DVDs, you would need more than 200,000 of them. Read further...
Atos, a global expert in digital transformation, has officially launched the start of the construction of its new global High Performance Computing Test Lab in Angers. The new 2000 m Read further...

Hardware

The UK Science and Technology Facilities Council's (STFC) Scientific Computing Department has selected Quobyte's Data Center File System to manage the JASMIN Phase 4 super-data-cluster with an initial managed capacity of 42PB (petabytes). Thousands of users worldwide find, manipulate and analyze data held on JASMIN, which processes an average of 1-3PB of data every day, and is expected to expand to 300PB by 2022. Read further...
Quobyte Inc., a developer of modern storage system software, and NEC Deutschland GmbH, a provider of HPC solutions, have delivered a complete storage solution to supercomputing site HLRS - High-Performance Computing Center Stuttgart - to fulfil their commercial and research HPC requirements. The HLRS facility is one of the top 20 supercomputing sites in the world and is amongst the top three in Germany. The facility is used by researchers and industry groups who typically run HPC workloads focused on Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Physics, Transport and Climate, Structural Mechanics, Chemistry, Bioinformatics, and Electrical Engineering. Read further...
Squirrels Research Labs has launched Acorn, a new hardware component that improves efficiency and effectiveness of cryptocurrency mining. Read further...
The electronics industry expects a novel high-performance transistor made of gallium nitride to offer considerable advantages over present-day high-frequency transistors. Yet many fundamental properties of the material remain unknown. Now, for the first time, researchers at the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) have observed electrons while they were flowing in this promising transistor. For that they used the world's top-performing source of soft X-rays at PSI's Swiss Light Source SLS. This unique experiment was conducted by PSI researchers together with colleagues from Russia and Romania. Their finding: When going into the high power regime of the gallium nitride transistor, in specific directions the electrons move more efficiently. Read further...
At the Imec Technology Forum USA in San Francisco, imec, a world-leading research and innovation hub in nano-electronics and digital technology, announced that it has demonstrated ultra-low power, high-bandwidth optical transceivers through hybrid integration of Silicon Photonics and FinFET CMOS technologies. With a dynamic power consumption of only 230fJ/bit and a footprint of just 0.025mm2, the 40Gb/s non-return-to-zero optical transceivers mark an important milestone in realizing ultra-dense, multi-Tb/s optical I/O solutions for next-generation high-performance computing applications. Read further...
At the annual Imec Technology Forum USA in San Francisco, imec, a world-leading research and innovation hub in nano-electronics and digital technology, has reported on the potential of using ruthenium (Ru) as a disruptive interconnect material for 3nm and beyond technology nodes. High-aspect ratio Ru lines were shown to outperform conventional Cu metallization in two different implementation scenarios, i.e., (1) in buried power rail applications, and (2) as interconnects for advanced memory and logic applications by using subtractive metal etch. Read further...
The Ohio Supercomputer Center is in the process of procuring a new high performance computing system this summer, and in line with its tradition of naming its systems after pioneers with an Ohio connection, the centre looked to its earliest days. Russell M. Pitzer, the honoree and now emeritus professor of chemistry at the Ohio State University, was among a few individuals who began discussing the possibility of bringing high performance computing to Ohio higher education, even before the centre was established in 1987. Read further...
Supercomputers are the sports cars of the technology world: fast, glamorous and expensive. This might be why Dag Spicer, senior curator at the Computer History Museum, finds them fascinating. Recently, Dag Spicer and his team in Mountain View, California, unanimously accepted a piece of TACC's history into their permanent historical collection - sealing its place as a milestone in computing. Read further...

Applications

An international team of scientists has found the first evidence of a source of high-energy cosmic neutrinos, ghostly subatomic particles that can travel unhindered for billions of light years from the most extreme environments in the universe to Earth. The observations, made by the IceCube Neutrino Observatory at the Amundsen–Scott South Pole Station and confirmed by telescopes around the globe and in Earth's orbit, help resolve a more than a century-old riddle about what sends subatomic particles such as neutrinos and cosmic rays speeding through the universe. Read further...
The Ohio Supercomputer Center's (OSC) Karen Tomko, Ph.D., and the University of Illinois/Urbana's Robert Dodds, Ph.D., recently wrapped up a project that will greatly enhance the simulation capabilities of manufacturing engineers. Read further...
Fifteen Ohio middle school girls will be spending a week of their summer at the Ohio Supercomputer Center's (OSC) 29th annual Young Women's Summer Institute (YWSI), July 15-21 at the Ohio State University. The girls will investigate complex science problems while discovering career opportunities in the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields. Read further...
Seven University of Wyoming (UW) research projects, many of which will directly impact Wyoming and the USA, have been chosen to receive computational time and storage space at the supercomputer in Cheyenne. Energy, the atmosphere, watersheds and wind farms are some of the research topics. Read further...
A computer built to mimic the brain's neural networks produces similar results to that of the best brain-simulation supercomputer software currently used for neural-signaling research, finds a new study published in the open-access journalFrontiers in Neuroscience. Tested for accuracy, speed and energy efficiency, this custom-built computer named SpiNNaker, has the potential to overcome the speed and power consumption problems of conventional supercomputers. The aim is to advance our knowledge of neural processing in the brain, to include learning and disorders such as epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease. Read further...
Researchers from Russia and Britain have demonstrated an artificial quantum system, in which a quantum bit interacts with an acoustic resonator in the quantum regime. This allows the familiar effects of quantum optics to be studied on acoustic waves and enables an alternative approach to quantum computer design, which is based on acoustics and could make quantum computers more stable and compact. The paper reporting the results was published inPhysical Review Letters. Read further...
Two New Jersey Institute of Technology (NJIT) researchers, working with collaborators from the IBM Research Zurich Laboratory and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, have demonstrated a novel synaptic architecture that could lead to a new class of information processing systems inspired by the brain. Read further...

The Cloud

DataDirect Networks (DDN), a global Big Data storage supplier to data-intensive, global organisations, has entered into a non-binding letter of intent agreement with Tintri Inc. to acquire substantially all the assets of Tintri. Read further...
Adaptive Computing Enterprises, a world expert in dynamically optimizing large-scale HPC computing environments, has changed the name of its flagship software product "Moab" to "Moab Cloud for the HPC Suite". The new name more accurately reflects the product's additional Cloud-bursting capabilities. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2018-07-16

Exascale supercomputing

How to fit a planet inside a computer: Developing the Energy Exascale Earth System model ...

Quantum computing

D-Wave demonstrates large-scale programmable quantum simulation ...

Semiconductor quantum transistor opens door for photon-based computing ...

Focus on Europe

Tachyum opens EU Office as Europe pursues technological sovereignty ...

CSCS will store petabyte data for the Paul Scherrer Institute ...

Atos launches construction of global High Performance Computing Test Lab in Angers ...

Hardware

Quobyte to be implemented by the Science and Technology Facilities Council to manage JASMIN super-data-cluster facility's 42PB of storage ...

NEC andQuobyte deliver complete storage solution stack to HLRS supercomputing site to boost HPC workload efficiency ...

Squirrels Research Labs announces Acorn cryptocurrency acceleration hardware ...

On the path to new high-performance transistors ...

Imec demonstrates hybrid FinFET-Silicon photonics technology for ultra-low power optical I/O ...

Imec reports breakthrough in extending interconnects beyond the 3nm technology node ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center names new system after Russell Pitzer ...

TACC donates innovative, first-of-its-kind Sun Microsystems Magnum switch to Computer History Museum ...

Applications

IceCube neutrinos point to long-sought cosmic ray accelerator ...

Research team improves code to benefit industrial engineers ...

Ohio middle school girls headed to STEM summer experience ...

Seven University of Wyoming research projects garner use of Cheyenne supercomputer ...

Breakthrough in construction of computers for mimicking human brain ...

Researchers couple artificial atom to acoustic resonator ...

IBM-EPFL-NJIT team demonstrates novel synaptic architecture for brain inspired computing ...

The Cloud

DataDirect Networks stages bid to acquire Tintri's assets and expand its storage portfolio into the enterprise ...

Adaptive Computing changes product name from "Moab" to "Moab Cloud for the HPC Suite" ...