Primeur weekly 2018-03-05

Quantum computing

Want more efficient simulators? Store time in a quantum superposition ...

Experimentally demonstrated a toffoli gate in a semiconductor three-qubit system ...

Individual quantum dots imaged in 3D for first time ...

Artificial intelligence techniques reconstruct mysteries of quantum systems ...

Majorana runners go long range: New topological phases of matter unveiled ...

Focus on Europe

University of Groningen to organize Second Information Universe Conference ...

IEEE eScience 2018 calls for contributions ...

Harvey Meyer is awarded an ERC Consolidator Grant for fundamental calculations on strong interaction effects ...

BSC presents SuperGeek, a mascot to bring supercomputers closer to the youngest ...

Call for Participation to European Forum about "Shaping Europe's Digital Future - HPC for Extreme Scale Scientific and Industrial Applications" ...

Data management and computing infrastructure procurement broadly serves Finnish research ...

Hardware

High demand from commercial customers to boost growth in global supercomputer market ...

OCF deploys UK academia's first IBM POWER9 systems ...

Niagara is Canada's most powerful research supercomputer fuelling Canadian innovation and discovery ...

CENIC recognizes UCSC's Hyades supercomputer cluster connection ...

CoolIT Systems reports 60% revenue growth in 2017 ...

SPEC offers HPG benchmarks free of charge to qualified non-profit organisations worldwide ...

Applications

Supercomputer model reveals how sticky tape makes graphene ...

Concertio launches Optimizer Studio to help performance engineers and IT professionals achieve peak system performance ...

Sandia researcher Jacqueline Chen elected to National Academy of Engineering ...

Oak Ridge National Laboratory uses supercomputers to simulate radiation transport and to understand the dynamic interactions among ions, solids and liquids ...

Mining hardware helps scientists gain insight into silicon nanoparticles ...

Can strongly lensed type 1a supernovae resolve cosmology's biggest controversy? ...

Give your research a boost at the SURF Research Bootcamp ...

TOP500

Supercomputing under a new lens: A Sandia-developed benchmark re-ranks top computers ...

The Cloud

Alibaba Cloud launches Cloud and AI solutions in Europe including bare metal HPC services ...

KIT helps build the European Open Science Cloud ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2018-03-05

Quantum computing

Computer models of systems such as a city's traffic flow or neural firing in the brain tends to use up a lot of memory. But a new approach with quantum simulators could significantly cut that memory use by taking a quantum approach to time, suggest researchers in Singapore. Read further...
A new progress in the scaling of semiconductor quantum dot based qubit has been achieved at the Key Laboratory of Quantum Information and Synergetic Innovation Center of Quantum Information & Quantum Physics of the University of Science and Technology China (USTC). Professor Guo Guoping with his co-workers, Xiao Ming, Li Haiou and Cao Gang, designed and fabricated a quantum processor with six quantum dots, and experimentally demonstrated quantum control of the Toffoli gate. This is the first time for the realization of the Toffoli gate in the semiconductor quantum dot system, which motivates further research on larger scale semiconductor quantum processor. Read further...
Researchers have developed an imaging technique that uses a tiny, super sharp needle to nudge a single nanoparticle into different orientations and capture 2D images to help reconstruct a 3D picture. The method demonstrates imaging of individual nanoparticles at different orientations while in a laser-induced excited state. Read further...
The same techniques used to train self-driving cars and chess-playing computers are now helping physicists explore the complexities of the quantum world. For the first time, physicists have demonstrated that machine learning can reconstruct a quantum system based on relatively few experimental measurements. This method will allow scientists to thoroughly probe systems of particles exponentially faster than conventional, brute-force techniques. Read further...
Researchers from Universidad Complutense de Madrid, MIT and Harvard University have discovered a mechanism that enhances the presence of Majorana particles at the edges of a topological superconductor, thanks to the presence of long-range magnetic interactions. Moreover, they have shown that it is possible to find new topological phases of matter by merging distant Majoranas into a new particle. This great achievement could have future applications for quantum technologies. Read further...

Focus on Europe

From 3-6 July 2018, the University of Groningen is organizing the Second Information Universe (IU) Conference. The key topic of the IU conference series is: "What is the role of information in the Universe and its description?" In an epoch where scientists need to handle Big Data and simulations, find highly organized systems in nature and grapple with the role of information in physics and other sciences, this appears to be one of the more fundamental questions that needs to be answered in order to understand the world around us. The Information Universe conference intends to unite various approaches, addressing the fundamental role of information both in nature ("in vivo") and in data analysis, theory and computer modelling ("in vitro"). Read further...
The 14th IEEE Conference on eScience will take place in Amsterdam, the Netherlands from 29 October to 1 November 2018. The organizers are now inviting contributions for inclusion in the conference programme. Read further...
Particle physicist Professor Harvey Meyer of Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz (JGU) has received a grant from the European Research Council supporting his research on fundamental questions of physics with the help of highly complex calculations. One of those questions he is exploring is whether so-called sterile neutrinos could be candidates for dark matter. The starting point for his calculations is the so-called strong interaction, one of the four fundamental forces, which is responsible for binding quarks and gluons in the nucleus of atoms. Over the next five years, the European Research Council (ERC) will be funding his Strong-interaction matter coupled to electroweak probes and dark matter candidates (SIMDAMA) project to the tune of 1.7 million euro. The ERC Consolidator Grant is one of the most richly endowed EU funding awards. Read further...
Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) now enjoys the services of SuperGeek, a mascot whose mission is to bring supercomputers closer to young people and stimulate their interest in science and technology. Read further...
"Shaping Europe's Digital Future - High Performance Computing for Extreme Scale Scientific and Industrial Applications" is a Bulgarian Presidency event on High Performance Computing. It will take place on 19 April 2018 at the National Palace of Culture, Sofia, Bulgaria and it is co-organised with the European Commission. Read further...
Together with research and innovation actors, the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture is running the Data and Computing 2021 development programme (DL2021), which focuses on the development of data management and computing research infrastructures, services and expertise. The programme will run from 2017 to 2021. In January 2018, the development programme steering group discussed and approved the infrastructure procurement plan. The Ministry of Education and Culture has entered an agreement with CSC -IT Center for Science Ltd. on the launching of infrastructure procurement. Read further...

Hardware

Technavio's latest market research report on the global supercomputer market provides an analysis of the most important trends expected to impact the market outlook from 2018-2022. Technavio defines an emerging trend as a factor that has the potential to significantly impact the market and contribute to its growth or decline. Read further...
Two Universities, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) and Newcastle University, are the first UK academic organisations to deploy IBM's POWER9 system, delivering unprecedented performance for modern High-Performance Computing (HPC), Analytics and Artificial Intelligence (AI) workloads. Working with OCF, the high-performance compute, storage and data analytics integrator, both universities have taken delivery of the systems and will be integrated by OCF into existing HPC infrastructures. Read further...
Canada's most powerful research supercomputer, Niagara, is now available to researchers of all disciplines across the country. Located at University of Toronto and supported by the university's high-performance computing division SciNet, the system is open to all Canadian university researchers. Niagara is part of a system of national advanced research computing infrastructure, which includes Cedar at Simon Fraser University, Arbutus at the University of Victoria, and Graham at University of Waterloo. Together, these systems provide Canadian researchers with the tools to compete globally using big data and high-performance computing systems. Read further...
The project connecting the University of California Santa Cruz's (UCSC) Hyades supercomputer cluster to the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center is being awarded the CENIC 2018 Innovations in Networking Award for Research Applications. Read further...
CoolIT Systems, a global expert in energy efficient Direct Liquid Cooling technology, has reported company revenue for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2017 (FY2017) increased by 60%. Among the market segments driving growth in FY2017, Data Centre saw the most significant escalation with sales up by 75% from the previous year. Read further...
The Standard Performance Evaluation Corp. (SPEC) will immediately offer benchmarks from its High-Performance Group (SPEC/HPG) at no charge to qualified non-profit organisations worldwide. The announcement is expected to spur increased use of SPEC/HPG benchmarks in the academic and research communities. Read further...

Applications

Scientists at University College London (UCL) have explained for the first time the mystery of why adhesive tape is so useful for graphene production. The study, published inAdvanced Materials, used supercomputers to model the process through which graphene sheets are exfoliated from graphite, the material in pencils. Read further...
Concertio, a premier provider of AI-powered performance optimization tools, has launched the anticipated release of Concertio Optimizer Studio, an optimization toolkit for performance engineers and IT professionals - the first tool release of the company's Optimizer suite. Read further...
Jacqueline Chen, a distinguished member of the technical staff at Sandia National Laboratories, has been elected to the National Academy of Engineering. Jacqueline Chen is among the 99 new members from around the globe in the 2018 class. Read further...
Nuclear scientists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are retooling existing software used to simulate radiation transport in small modular reactors, or SMRs, to run more efficiently on next-generation supercomputers. In addition, Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers have directly written high-purity metallic structures narrower than a cold virus - which could open nanofabrication opportunities in electronics, drug delivery, catalysis and chemical separations. Read further...
Researchers first developed a three-dimensional dynamic model of an interaction between light and nanoparticles. They used a supercomputer with graphic accelerators for calculations. Results showed that silicon particles exposed to short intense laser pulses lose their symmetry temporarily. Their optical properties become strongly heterogeneous. Such a change in properties depends on particle size, therefore it can be used for light control in ultrafast information processing nanoscale devices. The study is published inAdvanced Optical Materials. Read further...
In 1929 Edwin Hubble surprised many people - including Albert Einstein - when he showed that the universe is expanding. Another bombshell came in 1998 when two teams of astronomers proved that cosmic expansion is actually speeding up due to a mysterious property of space called dark energy. This discovery provided the first evidence of what is now the reigning model of the universe: "Lambda-CDM", which says that the cosmos is approximately 70 percent dark energy, 25 percent dark matter and 5 percent "normal" matter - everything we've ever observed. Read further...
Researchers and research supporters can use new ICT Technology during the Bootcamp to give their research a boost. This event is taking place on April 10, 2018 between 9h00 and 17h00 in Wibauthuis at Amsterdam University of Applied Sciences, Wibautstraat 3b, 1091 GH Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Read further...

TOP500

A Sandia National Laboratories software programme now installed as an additional test for the widely observed TOP500 supercomputer challenge has become increasingly prominent. The programme's full name - High Performance Conjugate Gradients, or HPCG - doesn't come trippingly to the tongue, but word is seeping out that this relatively new benchmarking programme is becoming as valuable as its venerable partner - the High Performance LINPACK programme - which some say has become less than satisfactory in measuring many of today's computational challenges. Read further...

The Cloud

Alibaba Cloud, the Cloud computing arm of Alibaba Group, has launched eight products ranging from Big Data and artificial intelligence (AI) to infrastructure, security and private Cloud solutions at the Mobile World Congress that took place in Barcelona, Spain. The array of products will meet the surging demand for powerful and reliable Cloud computing services as well as advanced AI solutions among European enterprises to support them to capture opportunities in this digital transformation era. Bringing together these products with the expertise and real experience available from Alibaba Cloud, customers can put in place cutting edge solutions particularly in areas such as online and offline retail integration, smart manufacturing and smart city development. Read further...
Early this year, set-up of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC) started. It is to be a Europe-wide Cloud platform, on which scientists can store, share, use, and reuse research data. As scientific data volumes may be gigantic, special know-how is needed for the set-up and administration of the Big Data Cloud infrastructure. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) will contribute its vast expertise in the administration of Big Data volumes to many activities, including the security concept. In particular, KIT is responsible for the IT service management, such as establishment of a service catalogue, support processes and tools, and a central service desk for user inquiries. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2018-03-05

Quantum computing

Want more efficient simulators? Store time in a quantum superposition ...

Experimentally demonstrated a toffoli gate in a semiconductor three-qubit system ...

Individual quantum dots imaged in 3D for first time ...

Artificial intelligence techniques reconstruct mysteries of quantum systems ...

Majorana runners go long range: New topological phases of matter unveiled ...

Focus on Europe

University of Groningen to organize Second Information Universe Conference ...

IEEE eScience 2018 calls for contributions ...

Harvey Meyer is awarded an ERC Consolidator Grant for fundamental calculations on strong interaction effects ...

BSC presents SuperGeek, a mascot to bring supercomputers closer to the youngest ...

Call for Participation to European Forum about "Shaping Europe's Digital Future - HPC for Extreme Scale Scientific and Industrial Applications" ...

Data management and computing infrastructure procurement broadly serves Finnish research ...

Hardware

High demand from commercial customers to boost growth in global supercomputer market ...

OCF deploys UK academia's first IBM POWER9 systems ...

Niagara is Canada's most powerful research supercomputer fuelling Canadian innovation and discovery ...

CENIC recognizes UCSC's Hyades supercomputer cluster connection ...

CoolIT Systems reports 60% revenue growth in 2017 ...

SPEC offers HPG benchmarks free of charge to qualified non-profit organisations worldwide ...

Applications

Supercomputer model reveals how sticky tape makes graphene ...

Concertio launches Optimizer Studio to help performance engineers and IT professionals achieve peak system performance ...

Sandia researcher Jacqueline Chen elected to National Academy of Engineering ...

Oak Ridge National Laboratory uses supercomputers to simulate radiation transport and to understand the dynamic interactions among ions, solids and liquids ...

Mining hardware helps scientists gain insight into silicon nanoparticles ...

Can strongly lensed type 1a supernovae resolve cosmology's biggest controversy? ...

Give your research a boost at the SURF Research Bootcamp ...

TOP500

Supercomputing under a new lens: A Sandia-developed benchmark re-ranks top computers ...

The Cloud

Alibaba Cloud launches Cloud and AI solutions in Europe including bare metal HPC services ...

KIT helps build the European Open Science Cloud ...