Primeur weekly 2018-01-29

Focus

European Commission explains why Joint Undertaking is well suited as legal instrument to help create EuroHPC ecosystem ...

Combination of top-down initiatives like EuroHPC and bottom-up science driven projects make European exascale effort healthy ...

Quantum computing

Quantum race accelerates development of silicon quantum chip ...

Quantum control: Scientists develop quantum metamaterial from complex twin qubits ...

New metal-semiconductor interface for brain-inspired computing ...

Researchers from TU Delft combine spintronics and nanophotonics in 2D material ...

Retrospective test for quantum computers can build trust ...

Particle collision in large accelerators is simulated by using a quantum computer ...

Focus on Europe

EOSC-hub to launch integrated services for the European Open Science Cloud ...

Supercomputing Frontiers Europe 2018 launches invitation to participate ...

CESNET and GÉANT deploy 300 Gbps wavelength in R&E community ...

PRACE SHAPE Programme supports two further SMEs ...

Hardware

Most powerful Dutch GPU supercomputer boosts new radio telescope ...

Asetek receives order from Fujitsu for Institute of Fluid Science at Tohoku University ...

Applications

Researchers use sound waves to advance optical communication ...

NIST's superconducting synapse may be missing piece for 'artificial brains' ...

Scientists get better numbers on what happens when electrons get wet ...

UNSW Sydney scientist Michelle Simmons is Australian of the Year ...

San Diego County invests in new UC San Diego fire detection networking ...

Solving science and engineering problems with supercomputers and AI ...

Purdue-affiliated start-up designing next-generation hardware, software to propel computer intelligence to next level ...

Scientists pioneer use of deep learning for real-time gravitational wave discovery ...

Dynaslum research team publishes in Nature Scientific Data ...

University of Texas at Arlington researchers use simulations to study brain damage from bomb blasts and materials for space shuttles ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center helping Ohio University researcher revolutionize drug discovery with RNA in the spotlight ...

Cells of three aggressive cancers annihilated by drug-like compounds that reverse chemo failure ...

Sensor the size of a nitrogen atom investigates hard drives ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2018-01-29

Focus

During the annual SURFsara Super D Event on December 12, 2017 in Amsterdam, the Netherlands,Primeur Magazinehad a conversation with Thomas Skordas, who is responsible for the EuroHPC strategic initiative. Thomas Skordas is Director of "Digital Excellence and Science Infrastructures" of the European Commission's Directorate in DG Connect. This Directorate is promoting and funding research infrastructures and excellent research in Europe. Part of the research infrastructures that the European Commission (EC) is funding, is directly related to creating a large-scale high-performance computing (HPC) infrastructure for Europe for the benefit of European scientists, industry, and the public sector. The EuroHPC initiative has been proposed by the EC in order to create an excellent HPC infrastructure that European scientists and industry need in the area of high-performance computing and enabling science and user applications. Read further...
During the annual SURFsara Super D Event on December 12, 2017 in Amsterdam, The Netherlands,Primeur Magazinehad the pleasure to talk with Thomas Schulthess, Director of the Swiss Supercomputing Centre - CSCS - in Lugano, who gave a keynote presentation at Super D about the European exascale developments and the requirements to achieve this. Thomas Schulthess is a professor of Computational Physics at ETH Zurich. He leads the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre and the Swiss High-Performance Computing Initiative. This is very much concerned with building applications that perform at sustained petaflop performance, up till now. Now, Thomas Schulthess and his colleagues are thinking about the future, the so-called exascale. Read further...

Quantum computing

The worldwide race to create more, better and reliable quantum processors is progressing fast, as a team of TU Delft scientists led by Professor Vandersypen has realised yet again. In a neck-and-neck race with their competitors, they showed that quantum information of an electron spin can be transported to a photon, in a silicon quantum chip. This is important in order to connect quantum bits across the chip and allowing to scale up to large numbers of qubits. Their work was published in the journalScience. Read further...
An international team consisting of Russian and German scientists has made a breakthrough in the creation of seemingly impossible materials. They have managed to create the world's first quantum metamaterial which can be used as a control element in superconducting electrical circuits. Read further...
One of the big challenges in computer architecture is integrating storage, memory and processing in one unit. This would make computers faster and more energy efficient. University of Groningen physicists have taken a big step towards this goal by combining a niobium doped strontium titanate (SrTiO3) semiconductor with ferromagnetic cobalt. At the interface, this creates a spin-memristor with storage abilities, paving the way for neuromorphic computing architectures. The results were published inScientific Reports. Read further...
Spintronics in materials of just a few atoms thick is an emerging field in which the 'spin' of electrons is used to process data, rather than the charge. Unfortunately, the spin only lasts for a very short time, making it - as yet - difficult to exploit in electronics. Researchers from the Kavli Institute of Nanoscience at TU Delft, working with the Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research's AMOLF institute, have now found a way to convert the spin information into a predictable light signal at room temperature. The discovery brings the worlds of spintronics and nanophotonics closer together and might lead to the development of an energy-efficient way of processing data, in data centres, for example. The researchers have given an account of their results inScience. Read further...
Tech companies are racing to make quantum computers available to customers. A new scheme from researchers in Singapore and Japan could help customers establish trust in what they get if they buy time on such machines - and protect companies from dishonest customers. Read further...
The QUTIS Group of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country has tested its theoretical proposal in the trapped-ion lab at the University of Tsinghua in Beijing. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The EOSC-hub project, funded by the European Commission, started on January 1st 2018, bringing together an extensive group of national and international service providers to create the Hub: a central contact point for European researchers and innovators to discover, access, use and reuse a broad spectrum of resources for advanced data-driven research. Read further...
The Interdysciplinary Centre for Mathematical and Computational Modelling, University of Warsaw (ICM), invites interested parties to participate in Supercomputing Frontiers Europe 2018, which will take place in Warsaw, Poland, on March 12-15, 2018. Read further...
CESNET, marking an R&E community first deployment of Ciena's Waveserver Ai platform, has interconnected GÉANT's high-capacity routers using a 300 Gbps alien wavelength over 530km of CESNET network with Czech Light Open Line System. This accomplishment shows how the research and education (R&E) community can establish a reliable all-optical transmission that transits multiple networks for the high-performance computer (HPC) networks, data storage and transfer capabilities and collaborative working environments that are crucial to Europe's modern academic and scientific organisations. Read further...
SHAPE is a pan-European programme supported by PRACE, which promotes the use of High Performance Computing (HPC) by Small and Medium sized Enterprises (SMEs). Since its establishment, SHAPE has helped 39 companies to benefit from using HPC in their business. Following the sixth call for applications to SHAPE, two more SMEs will be collaborating with PRACE. Read further...

Hardware

Every day, thousands of enormous explosions go off in the sky: so-called Fast Radio Bursts. To better understand the flashes and the gigantic energies behind them, ASTRON - the Netherlands Institute for Radio Astronomy, an NWO (Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research) institute - recently installed new high-speed cameras on the radio telescope in Westerbork, the Netherlands. These cameras have just received new brains: the most powerful GPU supercomputer in the Netherlands. Read further...
Asetek has received a new order from OEM partner Fujitsu for the Institute of Fluid Science at Tohoku University in Japan. The supercomputing system will consist of multiple computational sub-systems using the latest liquid-cooled Fujitsu PRIMERGY x86 servers, and is planned to deliver a peak theoretical performance exceeding 2.7 petaflops. Read further...

Applications

Illinois researchers have demonstrated that sound waves can be used to produce ultraminiature optical diodes that are tiny enough to fit onto a computer chip. These devices, called optical isolators, may help solve major data capacity and system size challenges for photonic integrated circuits, the light-based equivalent of electronic circuits, which are used for computing and communications. Read further...
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have built a superconducting switch that 'learns' like a biological system and could connect processors and store memories in future computers operating like the human brain. Read further...
There's a particular set of chemical reactions that governs many of the processes around us - everything from bridges corroding in water to your breakfast breaking down in your gut. One crucial part of that reaction involves electrons striking water, and despite how commonplace this reaction is, scientists still have to use ballpark numbers for certain parts of the equation when they use computers to model them. Read further...
University of New South Wales (UNSW) Sydney congratulates Scientia Professor Michelle Simmons, who has been named 2018 Australian of the Year in recognition of her pioneering research and inspiring leadership in quantum computing. Read further...
The County of San Diego Board of Supervisors has voted to approve an investment in technology developed at the University of California San Diego that will improve the County's fire detection and response capabilities. The County's investment means the addition of new cameras and a boost in the network speed of hazard detection technology developed by the university. Read further...
Artificial intelligence represents a new approach scientists can use to interrogate data, develop hypotheses, and make predictions, particularly in areas where no overarching theory exists. Traditional applications on supercomputers - also know as high-performance computers (HPC) - start from "first principles" - typically mathematical formulas representing the physics of a natural system - and then transform them into a problem that can be solved by distributing the calculations to many processors. Read further...
A Purdue University-affiliated start-up is designing next-generation hardware and software for deep learning aimed at enabling computers to understand the world in the same way humans do. FWDNXT, based in the Purdue Research Park, has developed a low-power mobile coprocessor called Snowflake for accelerating deep neural networks effective at image recognition and classification. Snowflake was designed with the primary goal of optimizing computational efficiency by processing multiple streams of information to mix deep learning and artificial intelligence techniques with augmented reality application. Read further...
Scientists at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA), located at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, have pioneered the use of GPU-accelerated deep learning for rapid detection and characterization of gravitational waves. This new approach will enable astronomers to study gravitational waves using minimal computational resources, reducing time to discovery and increasing the scientific reach of gravitational wave astrophysics. Read further...
eScience Research Engineers from the Netherlands eScience Center are collaborating in the research carried out within the projects DynaSlum and SIM-CITY. The projects are led by University of Amsterdam researchers Peter Sloot and Michael Lees, and results of these projects were recently published in the journalNature Scientific Data. Read further...
Explosions produce unique patterns of injury seldom seen outside combat. They have the potential to cause life-threatening injuries and take a particular toll on the brain. Read further...
The rise of antibiotic resistance among common infectious bacteria is a worrisome health threat that has many scientists looking for a solution. Jennifer Hines, Ph.D., professor of chemistry and biochemistry at Ohio University, is one of the few looking to ribonucleic acid (RNA) structures for new drug discovery. Her research group is studying a key regulator for bacterial gene expression made up of RNA, called a riboswitch, that could be crucial in designing new drugs to kill bacteria. Read further...
Researchers at Southern Methodist University (SMU) have discovered three drug-like compounds that successfully reverse chemotherapy failure in three of the most commonly aggressive cancers - ovarian, prostate and breast. The molecules were first discovered computationally via high-performance supercomputing. Now their effectiveness against specific cancers has been confirmed via wet-lab experiments, said biochemistry professors Pia Vogel and John G. Wise, who led the study. Read further...
With electronics components getting ever smaller, quantum technology presents new opportunities for miniaturization. Soon a new quantum sensor developed by Fraunhofer researchers will be able to measure the tiny magnetic fields of the next generation of hard discs. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2018-01-29

Focus

European Commission explains why Joint Undertaking is well suited as legal instrument to help create EuroHPC ecosystem ...

Combination of top-down initiatives like EuroHPC and bottom-up science driven projects make European exascale effort healthy ...

Quantum computing

Quantum race accelerates development of silicon quantum chip ...

Quantum control: Scientists develop quantum metamaterial from complex twin qubits ...

New metal-semiconductor interface for brain-inspired computing ...

Researchers from TU Delft combine spintronics and nanophotonics in 2D material ...

Retrospective test for quantum computers can build trust ...

Particle collision in large accelerators is simulated by using a quantum computer ...

Focus on Europe

EOSC-hub to launch integrated services for the European Open Science Cloud ...

Supercomputing Frontiers Europe 2018 launches invitation to participate ...

CESNET and GÉANT deploy 300 Gbps wavelength in R&E community ...

PRACE SHAPE Programme supports two further SMEs ...

Hardware

Most powerful Dutch GPU supercomputer boosts new radio telescope ...

Asetek receives order from Fujitsu for Institute of Fluid Science at Tohoku University ...

Applications

Researchers use sound waves to advance optical communication ...

NIST's superconducting synapse may be missing piece for 'artificial brains' ...

Scientists get better numbers on what happens when electrons get wet ...

UNSW Sydney scientist Michelle Simmons is Australian of the Year ...

San Diego County invests in new UC San Diego fire detection networking ...

Solving science and engineering problems with supercomputers and AI ...

Purdue-affiliated start-up designing next-generation hardware, software to propel computer intelligence to next level ...

Scientists pioneer use of deep learning for real-time gravitational wave discovery ...

Dynaslum research team publishes in Nature Scientific Data ...

University of Texas at Arlington researchers use simulations to study brain damage from bomb blasts and materials for space shuttles ...

Ohio Supercomputer Center helping Ohio University researcher revolutionize drug discovery with RNA in the spotlight ...

Cells of three aggressive cancers annihilated by drug-like compounds that reverse chemo failure ...

Sensor the size of a nitrogen atom investigates hard drives ...