Primeur weekly 2017-10-16

Focus

Asperitas launches immersed computing concept based on total liquid cooling using oil ...

Exascale supercomputing

Exploring the exotic world of quarks and gluons at the dawn of the exascale ...

Quantum computing

Intel delivers 17-qubit superconducting chip with advanced packaging to QuTech ...

Los Alamos experiments with a quantum-physics device that could boost computation to the next level ...

Forget about it - a material that mimics the brain ...

Spin current detection in quantum materials unlocks potential for alternative electronics ...

Construction of a quantum computer begins in Finland - working group receives nearly one million euro in funding ...

Focus on Europe

SC17 video sheds light on how supercomputers are unraveling the mystery of the human brain ...

SURFsara supports SRON analysing Tropomi Sentinel-5P satellite data ...

ISC Group is calling on experts to propose tutorials and workshops for ISC 2018 ...

Frank Takes wins eScientist Award 2017 award for platform to investigate corporate tax avoidance ...

Hardware

Fujitsu receives order for Japan's fastest supercomputer system for AI applications ...

NVIDIA announces world's first AI computer to make robotaxis a reality ...

Deutsche Post DHL Group selects NVIDIA DRIVE PX for autonomous delivery truck fleet ...

Seeing the next dimension of computer chips ...

Applications

Scientists Amsterdam Science Park contribute to research behind Nobel Prize ...

International team reconstructs nanoscale virus features from correlations of scattered X-rays ...

With help of Piz Daint supercomputer towards solving the proton spin puzzle ...

Supercomputing aids experiments in sorting out the hidden mechanics of magnetic field reconnection, a key factor in solar storms and fusion energy reactors ...

Sandia's Direct Numerical Simulations enhance combustion efficiency, reduces pollution ...

Machine learning translates 'hidden' information to reveal chemistry in action ...

Dataset size counts for better predictions ...

Adriënne Mendrik expands on Grand Challenges in Computer Vision Magazine ...

SDSC Gateway provides advanced software and HPC tools needed by today's biologists ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2017-10-16

Focus

On the ISC'17 Exhibition Floor on June 21, 2017Primeur Magazinehad the opportunity to talk with Rolf Brink, CEO at Asperitas. Asperitas has developed a concept called immersed computing. This concept starts with the development of the actual immersion system that is immersed in a dielectric liquid. The liquid that is used is oil. Rolf Brink had a unit at the Asperitas booth with a live immersion system that was actually running on the load. The system is filled with IT equipment that runs a lot more efficient in the liquid as compared to air environments because there is no ventilation energy required to cool the system down. The cooling is done by a water circuit that is at the front side of the unit. Read further...

Exascale supercomputing

As nuclear physicists delve ever deeper into the heart of matter, they require the tools to reveal the next layer of nature's secrets. Nowhere is that more true than in computational nuclear physics. A new research effort led by theorists at DOE's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is now preparing for the next big leap forward in their studies thanks to funding under the 2017 SciDAC Awards for Computational Nuclear Physics. Read further...

Quantum computing

Intel has delivered a 17-qubit superconducting test chip for quantum computing to QuTech. The new chip was fabricated by Intel and features a unique design to achieve improved yield and performance. The delivery of this chip demonstrates the fast progress Intel and QuTech are making in researching and developing a working quantum computing system. It also underscores the importance of material science and semiconductor manufacturing in realizing the promise of quantum computing. Read further...
The Department of Energy's Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) is taking an early plunge into a kind of computer so revolutionary that it remains an open question whether the technology actually works as advertised. Made by D-Wave Systems Inc. of Burnaby, British Columbia, the $10 million device is designed to use quantum physics to boost calculating power beyond what is possible in our normal, classical computing world. Read further...
Even as the power of our modern computers grows exponentially, biological systems - like our brains - remain the ultimate learning machines. By finding materials that act in ways similar to the mechanisms that biology uses to retain and process information, scientists hope to find clues to help us build smarter computers. Read further...
A new method that precisely measures the mysterious behaviour and magnetic properties of electrons flowing across the surface of quantum materials could open a path to next-generation electronics. A team of scientists has developed an innovative microscopy technique to detect the spin of electrons in topological insulators, a new kind of quantum material that could be used in applications such as spintronics and quantum computing. Read further...
Docent Mikko Möttönen's working group has received nearly one million euros in funding for the construction of a quantum computer. A large-scale quantum computer, which has yet to be successfully realised, can revolutionise the world with its sheer computing power. Read further...

Focus on Europe

A video produced by the SC17 conference highlights how the massive European-based Human Brain Project (HBP), comprising a veritable orchestra of scientists, collaborates to deliver the most exquisitely detailed human brain models ever created. Read further...
The European Sentinel-5P satellite was successfully launched into orbit from Plesetsk in Siberia. Tropomi is a Dutch instrument on board the satellite that will survey global air quality and the distribution of greenhouse gases with unprecedented precision. Space research institute SRON and KNMI are responsible for the scientific management of the instrument. SRON will be cooperating closely with SURFsara to successfully analyse and quickly process the scientific data. Read further...
ISC High Performance is now open for tutorial and workshop proposal submissions. If you possess knowledge and skills in a particular field in high performance computing (HPC), and enjoy sharing them, the ISC 2018 Tutorials Committee looks forward to hearing from you. Along the same lines, the ISC 2018 Workshops Committee also calls on the HPC community members to send in their proposals for workshops. Read further...
Frank Takes (31) from the University of Amsterdam has won the Young eScientist Award 2017. The prize aims to stimulate a young scientist demonstrating excellence in eScience: the development or application of digital technology to address scientific challenges. The prize will be used to undertake a joint research project, in which Frank Takes will receive support by eScience Research Engineers, experts in the development and application of research software. Read further...

Hardware

Fujitsu has received an order from the National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST) for AI Bridging Cloud Infrastructure (ABCI), which is set to become the fastest supercomputer system in Japan. Read further...
NVIDIA has unveiled the world's first artificial intelligence computer designed to drive fully autonomous robotaxis. The new system, codenamed Pegasus, extends the NVIDIA DRIVE PX AI computing platform to handle Level 5 driverless vehicles. NVIDIA DRIVE PX Pegasus delivers over 320 trillion operations per second - more than 10x the performance of its predecessor, NVIDIA DRIVE PX 2. Read further...
Deutsche Post DHL Group (DPDHL), a large mail and logistics company, and ZF, one of the world's largest automotive suppliers, have partnered together to deploy a test fleet of autonomous delivery trucks, starting in 2018. Read further...
A research collaboration between Osaka University and the Nara Institute of Science and Technology for the first time used scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) to create images of atomically flat side-surfaces of 3D silicon crystals. This work helps semiconductor manufacturers continue to innovate while producing smaller, faster, and more energy-efficient computer chips for computers and smartphones. Read further...

Applications

Physicists at Nikhef at Amsterdam Science Park made major contributions to the instrumentation and data analysis behind the Nobel Prize in Physics 2017, which has been awarded to Rainer Weiss, Barry C. Barish and Kip S. Thorne. The three winners were recognized for their work on the LIGO-Virgo Collaboration and its groundbreaking detection of gravitational waves, as predicted by Einstein. Read further...
As part of an international research team, Jeff Donatelli, Peter Zwart and Kanupriya Pande of the Center for Advanced Mathematics for Energy Research Applications (CAMERA) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory contributed key algorithms which helped achieve a goal first proposed more than 40 years ago - using angular correlations of X-ray snapshots from non-crystalline molecules to determine the 3D structure of important biological objects. This technique has the potential to allow scientists to shed light on biological structure and dynamics that were previously impossible to observe with traditional X-ray methods. Read further...
Scientists in a research group led by Constantia Alexandrou, Professor of physics at the University of Cyprus and the Cyprus Institute, made a crucial step towards solving a three-decades-old puzzle: they have successfully deciphered the total angular momentum (spin) of the nucleon determining how its shared among its constituents. CSCS supercomputer Piz Daint provided computational resources needed for accomplishing this. Read further...
In July 2012, a powerful solar storm almost struck Earth. Scientists estimate that had the storm, called a coronal mass ejection (CME), hit the planet, the impact would have crippled power grids worldwide, burning out transformers and instruments. A NASA probe that happened to lie in the CME's path detected some of the charged particles it contained. Data the satellite collected showed the storm was twice as powerful as a 1989 event that knocked out Quebec's entire power grid, disrupted power delivery across the United States and made the northern lights visible as far south as Cuba. In fact, the recent storm might have been stronger than the first and most powerful CME known to hit the planet, the Carrington event. That 1859 storm sprayed sparks from telegraph lines, setting fire to telegraph stations. Researchers put the odds of a Carrington-size CME occurring by 2024 - and possibly hitting Earth - at 12 percent. Read further...
A "cool flame" may sound contradictory, but it's an important element of diesel combustion - one that, once properly understood, could enable better engine designs with higher efficiency and fewer emissions. Sandia National Laboratories mechanical engineer Jackie Chen and colleagues Alex Krisman and Giulio Borghesi recently identified novel behaviour of a key, temperature-dependent feature of the ignition process called a cool flame in the fuel dimethyl ether. Read further...
Chemistry is a complex dance of atoms. Subtle shifts in position and shuffles of electrons break and remake chemical bonds as participants change partners. Catalysts are like molecular matchmakers that make it easier for sometimes-reluctant partners to interact. Read further...
A statistical technique for modelling large datasets improves interpretation of climate and environmental data. Read further...
Open science is supported by the Netherlands eScience Center. Adriënne Mendrik, one of the eScience Coordinators was co-organizer and presenter at a tutorial on designing benchmarks and challenges for measuring algorithm performance in biomedical image analysis at the 20th International Conference on Medical Image Computing and Computer Assisted Intervention on September 14th, 2017 in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. Read further...
For researchers and others interested in the genetic relationships of our planet's living creatures, the research was groundbreaking, described as a "momentous discovery" that advanced the most important organizing principle of biology: the "tree of life". Read further...

Primeur weekly 2017-10-16

Focus

Asperitas launches immersed computing concept based on total liquid cooling using oil ...

Exascale supercomputing

Exploring the exotic world of quarks and gluons at the dawn of the exascale ...

Quantum computing

Intel delivers 17-qubit superconducting chip with advanced packaging to QuTech ...

Los Alamos experiments with a quantum-physics device that could boost computation to the next level ...

Forget about it - a material that mimics the brain ...

Spin current detection in quantum materials unlocks potential for alternative electronics ...

Construction of a quantum computer begins in Finland - working group receives nearly one million euro in funding ...

Focus on Europe

SC17 video sheds light on how supercomputers are unraveling the mystery of the human brain ...

SURFsara supports SRON analysing Tropomi Sentinel-5P satellite data ...

ISC Group is calling on experts to propose tutorials and workshops for ISC 2018 ...

Frank Takes wins eScientist Award 2017 award for platform to investigate corporate tax avoidance ...

Hardware

Fujitsu receives order for Japan's fastest supercomputer system for AI applications ...

NVIDIA announces world's first AI computer to make robotaxis a reality ...

Deutsche Post DHL Group selects NVIDIA DRIVE PX for autonomous delivery truck fleet ...

Seeing the next dimension of computer chips ...

Applications

Scientists Amsterdam Science Park contribute to research behind Nobel Prize ...

International team reconstructs nanoscale virus features from correlations of scattered X-rays ...

With help of Piz Daint supercomputer towards solving the proton spin puzzle ...

Supercomputing aids experiments in sorting out the hidden mechanics of magnetic field reconnection, a key factor in solar storms and fusion energy reactors ...

Sandia's Direct Numerical Simulations enhance combustion efficiency, reduces pollution ...

Machine learning translates 'hidden' information to reveal chemistry in action ...

Dataset size counts for better predictions ...

Adriënne Mendrik expands on Grand Challenges in Computer Vision Magazine ...

SDSC Gateway provides advanced software and HPC tools needed by today's biologists ...