Primeur weekly 2017-07-10

Focus

ELIXIR is working hard trying to find a common Key Performance Indicator vocabulary between research infrastructures ...

HPC in Asia - Status report from China ...

Quantum computing

Atos launches the highest-performing quantum simulator in the world ...

New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report ...

Focus on Europe

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards Atos contract to support research ...

Atos launches world-first prescriptive Security Operations Center (SOC) with automated response ...

Four European supercomputing centres join forces in procurement process for innovative HPC systems ...

ELIXIR publishes its 2016 Annual Report ...

MareNostrum 4 begins operation ...

GÉANT appoints Erik Huizer as Interim CEO ...

Middleware

NEC accelerates machine learning for vector computers ...

Hardware

Argonne's Theta supercomputer goes online ...

Mellanox introduces Spectrum-2, world's most scalable 200 and 400 Gigabit Open Ethernet switch solution ...

June 2017 TOP500 list shows InfiniBand continues to be the interconnect of choice for high performance computing and Artificial Intelligence ...

Applications

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch explore DNA folding, cellular packing with supercomputer simulations ...

NCSA grants $2.6 million in new Blue Waters supercomputer awards to Illinois researchers ...

NSF grants 14 researchers time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

Great Lakes Consortium awards time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

New data on the protective effects of Alzheimer's on Cancer ...

Will brain-inspired chips make a dent in science's Big Data problems? ...

IBM and Hortonworks expand partnership to help businesses accelerate data-driven decision making ...

ANDI project receives award for Amsterdam's most innovative scientific idea ...

Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage ...

University of Southern California to lead IARPA quantum computing project ...

Computing takes the prize ...

A new method for synthesising complex molecules ...

AI analyses X-rays as well as doctors ...

The Cloud

Maxeler Technologies to provide supercomputer performance to UK Government on the G-Cloud ...

NVIDIA and Baidu announce partnership to accelerate AI ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2017-07-10

Focus

After the e-IRG Workshop in St. Paul's Bay, Malta,Primeur Magazinehad the opportunity to talk with Rafael Jimenez, Chief Technical Officer (CTO) of the ELIXIR infrastructure. His role in ELIXIR is to facilitate the technical activities within the infrastructure. This includes the implementation of the workplan programme through different platforms that ELIXIR has for operating its technical activities, and also through the nodes that are the real machinery that the team has for implementing services within ELIXIR. Read further...
At the HPC in Asia workshop during ISC 2017 in Frankfurt, Depei Qian, from Beihang University gave a status report on HPC in China. China is currently at the end of the "863 key project" on HPC. The project started in 2011 and was aimed at developing world-class supercomputers and an application service environment. The supercomputers developed, the Tianhe-2 and the Sunway TaihuLight are today the world's fastest supercomputers. As part of the key project, ChinaGrid (CNGrid) was upgraded. Cloud like application villages have been developed too. Read further...

Quantum computing

Atos has introduced the world's first commercially available machine-system capable of simulating up to 40 quantum bits (Qubits). The simulator, named 'Atos Quantum Learning Machine' (Atos QLM), is powered by an ultra-compact supercomputer and a universal programming language. Available in 5 power configurations (30 to 40 Qubits) to cover the needs of different organisations, Atos QLM enables researchers, students and engineers to develop and test today the quantum applications and algorithms of tomorrow. The machine, designed by the 'Atos Quantum' laboratory - the first major quantum industry programme in Europe, launched in November 2016 - has developed several top-class innovations which have resulted in numerous patent applications. Read further...
Researchers from the University of Pennsylvania, in collaboration with Johns Hopkins University and Goucher College, have discovered a new topological material which may enable fault-tolerant quantum computing. Read further...

Focus on Europe

Atos, a global expert in digital transformation, has been awarded a contract by the Atomic Weapons Establishment (AWE) to install a new Bull Sequana supercomputer - one of the most powerful in the world. The new system will feature a single Bull Sequana X1000 supercomputer with a theoretical peak performance of 4.3 Petaflops (4.3 million billion operations per second). The Bull Sequana supercomputer uses the latest generation of direct-liquid cooling to enable the densest and most energy-efficient platform in the industry with the system to be installed using the latest Mellanox EDR interconnect and a high performance Seagate Lustre storage appliance offering around 100 G'byte per second of I/O performance. Read further...
Atos, a global expert in digital transformation, has launched its new prescriptive Security Operations Center (SOC) - not to be confused with System on a Chip (SoC) which has the same abbreviation. Combined with Atos Big Data analytics capabilities and powered by Bullion servers, the new security solution makes it possible for customers to predict security threats before they even occur. Detection and neutralization time is improved significantly compared to existing solutions. Read further...
European HPC centres have officially opened a market consultation for the purchase of HPC systems as part of the Public Procurement of Innovative Solutions for High-Performance Computing (PPI4HPC) project. This procurement takes place within the PPI4HPC project funded by the European Commission under the call EINFRA-21-2017. It involves four public procurers - BSC, CINECA, FZJ/JSC and GENCI - located in four different countries - Spain, Italy, Germany and France - working together in a joint procurement. Read further...
ELIXIR has released its 2016 Annual Report highlighting the major achievements of 2016 and illustrating the growth and maturity of ELIXIR's services. It also shows progress made towards the priorities of the current ELIXIR Scientific Programme 2014-2018 and sets the scene for the remainder of the programing cycle. Read further...
The MareNostrum supercomputer is beginning operation and starts executing applications for scientific research. MareNostrum 4, hosted by Barcelona Supercomputing Center, is entirely aimed at generating scientific knowledge and its computer architecture has been called 'the most diverse and interesting in the world' by international experts. The Spanish Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness has funded the purchase of the supercomputer, whose installation cost 34 million euro in total. Read further...
GÉANT has appointed Erik Huizer as Chief Executive Officer (CEO) effective immediately, replacing Steve Cotter who has left GÉANT by mutual agreement with the GÉANT Association Board. As the result of this appointment, Erik Huizer will temporarily suspend his activities at SURFnet. Once GÉANT has recruited a new permanent CEO, Erik Huizer will resume his position as CTO at SURFnet. Read further...

Middleware

NEC Corporation has developed data processing technology that accelerates the execution of machine learning on vector computers by more than 50 times in comparison to Spark technologies. This newly developed data processing utilizes computing and communications technologies that leverage "sparse matrix" data structures in order to significantly accelerate the performance of vector computers in machine learning. Read further...

Hardware

Theta, a new production supercomputer located at the U.S. Department of Energy's Argonnne National Laboratory is officially open to the research community. The new machine's massively parallel, many-core architecture continues Argonne's leadership computing program towards its future Aurora system. Read further...
Mellanox has launched the Spectrum-2, the world's most scalable 200 gigabit and 400 gigabit Open Ethernet switch solution. Spectrum-2 is designed to set new records of data centre scalability, more than 10 times higher than market competitors, and reduces data centre operational costs by delivering 1.3 times better power efficiency. Moreover, Spectrum-2 provides new levels of programmability and optimizes routing capabilities for building the most efficient Ethernet-based compute and storage infrastructures. Read further...
The InfiniBand Trade Association (IBTA), a global organisation dedicated to maintaining and furthering the InfiniBand specification, has shared the latest TOP500 List results, which reveal that InfiniBand remains the most used High Performance Computing (HPC) interconnect. Additionally, the majority of newly listed TOP500 supercomputers are accelerated by InfiniBand technology. These results reflect continued industry demand for InfiniBand's unparalleled combination of network bandwidth, low latency, scalability and efficiency. Read further...

Applications

A biological mystery lies at the centre of each of our cells, namely: how one meter of DNA can be wadded up into the space of a micron - or one millionth of a meter - within each nucleus of our body. The nuclei of human cells are not even the most crowded biological place that we know of. Some bactiophages - viruses that infect and replicate within a bacterium - have even more concentrated DNA. Read further...
The National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois (UI) at Urbana-Champaign has awarded 3,697,000 node hours (NH) of time on the Blue Waters supercomputer to Illinois researchers from Spring 2017 proposal submissions. The combined value of these awards is over $2.6 million dollars, and through the life of the Blue Waters programme, NCSA has awarded over 43 million node hours to UI researchers - a value of nearly $27 million. Some of the time allocated for Blue Waters will go to projects that focus on HIV research, Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) simulations, genomics and global warming research. Read further...
The Blue Waters Petascale Computing Resource Allocations (PRAC) have been awarded by the National Science Foundation (NSF) to fourteen teams of researchers from across the U.S. The awarded allocations reached a combined total of 84.5 million node hours (2.7 billion core hour equivalents), valued at $52.4 million. Read further...
The Blue Waters supercomputer at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign benefits the scientific community in innumerable ways. Researchers can use the most powerful high performance computing system for fully open research through a few doorways, including the Great Lakes Consortium for Petascale Computation (GLCPC) allocations. Read further...
Patients with Alzheimer's disease have a higher risk of developing glioblastoma and a lower risk of lung cancer. A paper published inScientific Reportsby researchers from the Spanish National Cancer Research Centre (CNIO), headed by Alfonso Valencia, a researcher affiliated to the CNIO and to the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC), describes the biological processes that underlie this comorbidity. In its new location at the BSC, Alfonso Valencia's group will be able to use large scale computing to continue the comorbidity work analyzing very large cohorts of patients and diseases at various levels. Read further...
The average human adult brain weighs about three pounds and is comprised mostly of fat and water, but it is extremely efficient at processing information. To simulate just one second of biological brain activity several years ago, researchers used 82,994 processors, one petabyte of system memory and 40 minutes on the Riken Research Institute's K supercomputer. At the time, this system consumed enough electricity to power about 10,000 homes. In contrast, the brain uses the equivalent of about 20 watts of electricity - barely enough to power a dim light bulb. Read further...
IBM and Hortonworks have expanded their relationship focused on extending data science and machine learning to more developers and across the Apache Hadoop ecosystem. The companies are combining Hortonworks Data Platform (HDP) with IBM Data Science Experience and IBM Big SQL into new integrated solutions designed to help everyone from data scientists to business leaders better analyze and manage their mounting data volumes and accelerate data-driven decision-making. Read further...
Nathalie de Vent and Joost Agelink van Rentergem of the University of Amsterdam are the winners of the Amsterdam Science & Innovation Award 2017, the annual award for the most innovative scientific idea of all Amsterdam knowledge and research institutes. They received the award for the Advanced Neuropsychological Diagnostics Infrastructure (ANDI), a new online infrastructure for the improvement of neuropsychological diagnostics. The eScience Center participated in this project, developing an interactive web application. Read further...
As embedded intelligence is finding its way into ever more areas of our lives, fields ranging from autonomous driving to personalized medicine are generating huge amounts of data. But just as the flood of data is reaching massive proportions, the ability of computer chips to process it into useful information is stalling. Read further...
Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity (IARPA) has selected the University of Southern California (USC) to lead a consortium of universities and private companies to build quantum computers that are at least 10,000 times faster than the best state-of-the-art classical computers. Read further...
It's not unusual for anyone to shop online at Amazon, but one young scientist went to the website looking for more than a favourite book. University of Connecticut Postdoctoral Researcher Nobuo Sato plans to conduct theoretical research in nuclear physics using the online retailer's computing services, and he has been awarded the 2017 JSA Postdoctoral Research Grant to do it. Read further...
A computational modelling-based study to understand the processes involved in chemical synthesis and improve them has been published recently in the journalNature Communicationsby the research group led by Prof Enrique Gómez-Bengoa of the Department of Chemistry I of the UPV/EHU-University of the Basque Country in collaboration with the group of Prof Cristina Nevado of the University of Zürich. Read further...
Many jobs, medical and otherwise, might one day be performed using artificial intelligence. According to a new study inActa Orthopaedicaby researchers at Karolinska Institutet in collaboration with the Royal Institute of Technology and Danderyd Hospital in Sweden, self-learning programmes can already find fractures with the same accuracy as orthopaedists. Read further...

The Cloud

Maxeler is now on the G-Cloud 9 framework and can offer its world class accelerated compute performance to the entire UK Public Sector. Read further...
NVIDIA and Baidu have set up a broad partnership to bring the world's leading artificial intelligence technology to Cloud computing, self-driving vehicles and AI home assistants. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2017-07-10

Focus

ELIXIR is working hard trying to find a common Key Performance Indicator vocabulary between research infrastructures ...

HPC in Asia - Status report from China ...

Quantum computing

Atos launches the highest-performing quantum simulator in the world ...

New method could enable more stable and scalable quantum computing, Penn physicists report ...

Focus on Europe

UK Atomic Weapons Establishment awards Atos contract to support research ...

Atos launches world-first prescriptive Security Operations Center (SOC) with automated response ...

Four European supercomputing centres join forces in procurement process for innovative HPC systems ...

ELIXIR publishes its 2016 Annual Report ...

MareNostrum 4 begins operation ...

GÉANT appoints Erik Huizer as Interim CEO ...

Middleware

NEC accelerates machine learning for vector computers ...

Hardware

Argonne's Theta supercomputer goes online ...

Mellanox introduces Spectrum-2, world's most scalable 200 and 400 Gigabit Open Ethernet switch solution ...

June 2017 TOP500 list shows InfiniBand continues to be the interconnect of choice for high performance computing and Artificial Intelligence ...

Applications

Researchers at the University of Texas Medical Branch explore DNA folding, cellular packing with supercomputer simulations ...

NCSA grants $2.6 million in new Blue Waters supercomputer awards to Illinois researchers ...

NSF grants 14 researchers time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

Great Lakes Consortium awards time on Blue Waters supercomputer ...

New data on the protective effects of Alzheimer's on Cancer ...

Will brain-inspired chips make a dent in science's Big Data problems? ...

IBM and Hortonworks expand partnership to help businesses accelerate data-driven decision making ...

ANDI project receives award for Amsterdam's most innovative scientific idea ...

Three-dimensional chip combines computing and data storage ...

University of Southern California to lead IARPA quantum computing project ...

Computing takes the prize ...

A new method for synthesising complex molecules ...

AI analyses X-rays as well as doctors ...

The Cloud

Maxeler Technologies to provide supercomputer performance to UK Government on the G-Cloud ...

NVIDIA and Baidu announce partnership to accelerate AI ...