Primeur weekly 2017-04-18

Quantum computing

QxBranch and Commonwealth Bank Australia launch quantum computing simulator ...

Indistinguishable photons key to advancing quantum technologies ...

Recent advances and new insights into quantum image processing ...

Focus on Europe

Teratec 2017 Forum issues Call for Participation ...

Hazel Hen helps explain ultrafast phase transition ...

Hardware

Engility to pursue NASA advanced computing services opportunity ...

DDN names Jessica Popp General Manager of IME business unit ...

Eni fires up its HPC3, the new hybrid high performance computer for E&P activities ...

DDN advances object storage performance and delivers industry's most flexible and cost-effective data protection ...

Asetek to receive RackCDU D2C order for new HPC installation ...

PSNC deploys ADVA Optical Networking 96-channel 100G core solution in pan-European research network ...

Putting a spin on logic gates ...

Tool for checking complex computer architectures reveals flaws in emerging design ...

System better allots network bandwidth, for faster page loads ...

Applications

SDSC to enhance campus research computing resources for bioinformatics ...

U.S. Department of Energy's INCITE programme seeks advanced computational research proposals for 2018 ...

Tutorials schedule announced for PEARC17 ...

Fujitsu awarded three prizes for science and technology from MEXT ...

Fujitsu and Grid partner to jointly develop AI services ...

IBM brings Anaconda Open Data Science platform to IBM Cognitive Systems ...

Jefferson Lab scientists eavesdrop on chatter of sub-atomic world ...

Buckle up - Climate change to increase severe aircraft turbulence ...

Beyond the frontiers of Supercomputing ...

Scientists develop a novel algorithm, inspired on the behaviour of bee colonies, which will help dismantling criminal social networks ...

The Cloud

Atos leads C2NET consortium - the first collaborative Cloud-based platform for SMEs to support manufacturing management ...

Comcast Business now provides enterprises with dedicated links to IBM Cloud ...

Nimbix ushers in next-generation GPUs for Cloud-based deep learning ...

USFlash

Group works toward devising topological superconductor ...

Stanford researchers create deep learning algorithm that could boost drug development ...

Biased bots: Human prejudices sneak into artificial intelligence systems ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2017-04-18

Quantum computing

QxBranch, a quantum computing and data analytics software company, has released a quantum computing simulator for the Commonwealth Bank of Australia (CBA). The tool emulates the functions of future quantum computers, enabling software and algorithm development to proceed in parallel with the race to create breakthrough hardware. Read further...
Researchers in Japan are tapping nitrogen impurity centres found within gallium arsenide to generate indistinguishable photons, critical for quantum information processing. To really take off, advanced quantum information processing will require getting a better (experimental) grasp of an essential phenomenon called "indistinguishable photons". A high degree of "indistinguishability" requires almost complete wave-packet overlap, or perfect photon matching, of energy, space, time and polarization. Read further...
Young researcher in Changchun University of Science and Technology, Dr. Fei Yan, has published the comprehensive review on quantum image processing in World-Scientific'sInternational Journal of Quantum Informationwith his co-researchers, entitled, "Quantum image processing: A review of advances in its security technologies". Read further...

Focus on Europe

The Teratec 2017 Forum, the 12th edition of the International Meeting for HPC, Simulation and Big Data, will be held June 27-28, 2017 at the Ecole Polytechnique in Palaiseau, France. Read further...
In a paper just published inNaturescientists at the University of Duisburg-Essen and Paderborn University describe experiments showing that nanoscale wires can change from insulators to conductors when struck by a laser pulse. This phase transition occurs extremely fast - as fast as quantum mechanics allows, in fact - something that was previously thought to be impossible on surfaces. High performance computing resources at the HLRS enabled the investigators to explain the physics behind this unexpected discovery. Read further...

Hardware

Engility Holdings Inc. will bring its world-class high performance computing (HPC) capabilities to bear as it competes to win NASA's Advanced Computing Services contract. Read further...
DataDirect Networks (DDN) has appointed Jessica Popp as the company's general manager (GM) of the newly created Infinite Memory Engine (IME) business unit. In this new role, Jessica Popp will leverage more than 20 years of experience in storage software and engineering management to build a world-class development organisation for DDN's IME business. In addition, she will oversee the growth of the IME development and quality assurance teams, advance the IME feature set, and accelerate customer acquisition and revenue growth. Read further...
Eni fired up its new HPC3 (High Performance Computing) in the Green Data Center in Ferrera Erbognone (PV). HPC3 allows Eni to fully support all the activities in the Exploration and Production sector. The high performance computing HPC3, together with the co-existing HPC2 system, will provide Eni with a sustained 5,8 Petaflop/s, and 8,4 Petaflop/s of peak computing capacity. Read further...
DataDirect Networks (DDN) has introduced new feature enhancements to its WOS object storage platform that include increased data protection and multi-site connectivity options. With its newest capabilities, DDN WOS provides the lowest data protection overhead available in the market. It also delivers control for local-only rebuilds for higher uptime and lower performance impact of hardware failures, along with multi-site collaboration, distribution and disaster recovery that is faster and more efficient than public Cloud solutions. Read further...
Asetek has received an order from one of its existing OEM partners for its RackCDU D2C (Direct-to-Chip) liquid cooling solution. The order is part of a new installation for an undisclosed High Performance Computing (HPC) customer. Read further...
The Poznan Supercomputing and Networking Center (PSNC) has deployed the ADVA FSP 3000 with 100Gbit/s core technology in its PIONIER network. PIONIER, one of Europe's largest research and education networks, links high-performance computer centres in five cities across Poland, as well as connecting the country to the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in Geneva. The new 96-channel 100Gbit/s coherent long-haul solution enables Europe's scientific community to share enormous data sets and collaborate using advanced high-bandwidth applications. Installation and maintenance work was conducted by Alma SA, the Polish systems integrator and long-term ADVA Optical Networking partner. Read further...
Computer electronics are shrinking to small enough sizes that the very electrical currents underlying their functions can no longer be used for logic computations in the ways of their larger-scale ancestors. A traditional semiconductor-based logic gate called a majority gate, for instance, outputs current to match either the "0" or "1" state that comprise at least two of its three input currents - or equivalently, three voltages. But how do you build a logic gate for devices too small for classical physics? Read further...
With backing from some of the largest technology companies, a major project called RISC-V seeks to facilitate open-source design for computer chips, offering the possibility of opening chip designs beyond the few firms that dominate the space. As the project moves toward a formal release, researchers at Princeton University have discovered a series of errors in the RISC-V instruction specification that now are leading to changes in the new system. Read further...
A webpage today is often the sum of many different components. A user's home page on a social-networking site, for instance, might display the latest posts from the users' friends; the associated images, links, and comments; notifications of pending messages and comments on the user's own posts; a list of events; a list of topics currently driving online discussions; a list of games, some of which are flagged to indicate that it's the user's turn; and of course the all-important ads, which the site depends on for revenues. Read further...

Applications

The San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC) at UC San Diego has been awarded a National Science Foundation (NSF) grant that will augment its campus computing cluster with targeted capabilities for bioinformatics analyses to support researchers across campus and their collaborators - including the ability to conduct de-multiplexing, mapping, and variant calling of a single human genome in less than one hour. Read further...
The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) programme will be accepting proposals for high-impact, computationally intensive research campaigns in a broad array of science, engineering, and computer science domains. DOE's Office of Science plans to award over 6 billion supercomputer processor-hours at Argonne National Laboratory and at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Read further...
PEARC17 organizers have announced 20 full-day and half-day tutorials for attendees at the Practice & Experience in Advanced Research Computing 2017 Conference, July 9-13, in New Orleans. Read further...
In the 2017 Commendation for Science and Technology by the Japanese Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Fujitsu Limited, Fujitsu Optical Components Limited, and Fujitsu Computer Technologies Limited have received Prizes for Science and Technology. Read further...
Fujitsu Limited and Grid Inc. have signed a partnership agreement to jointly develop Artificial Intelligence (AI) services combining Human Centric AI Zinrai, Fujitsu's AI technology, with ReNom, Grid's machine learning and deep learning framework. Read further...
IBM is working with Continuum Analytics to offer Anaconda, an Open Data Science platform, on IBM Cognitive Systems. Anaconda will also integrate with the PowerAI software distribution for machine learning and deep learning that makes it simple and fast to take advantage of Power performance and GPU optimization for data intensive cognitive workloads. Read further...
Much like two friendly neighbours getting together to chat over a cup of coffee, the minuscule particles in our sub-atomic world also come together to engage in a kind of conversation. Now, nuclear scientists are developing tools to allow them to listen in on the particles' gab fests and learn more about how they stick together to build our visible universe. Read further...
Turbulence strong enough to catapult unbuckled passengers and crew around the aircraft cabin could become twice or even three times as common because of climate change, according to a new study from the University of Reading. Read further...
What do you get when you put the world's foremost supercomputing experts together in the same room? Plenty of opportunities for dialogue, collaboration and exchange of new ideas. Approximately 450 participants from 12 countries attended Supercomputing Frontiers 2017 (SCF2017), the National Supercomputing Centre (NSCC) Singapore's third annual international conference held from 13-16 March 2017 at the Biopolis. Read further...
Researchers from the University of Granada (UGR) have designed an algorithm, inspired by the intelligent and social behaviour of bee colonies, which allows to attack in an optimal way and, thus, to dismantle any type of social network which poses a threat, be it physical or virtual, such as social networks linked to organized crime and jihadist terrorism. Read further...

The Cloud

Atos, a global expert in digital transformation, leads the "Cloud Collaborative Manufacturing Networks" (C2NET) consortium, launching the first collaborative Cloud-based platform for Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in the manufacturing industry. This unique solution offers SMEs a single and affordable Cloud-supported platform, which has until now not existed. The project is funded by the European Union as part of the Horizon 2020 programme and is made up of twenty partners including industrial entities, associations, research centres, ICT companies and public institutions. Read further...
Comcast Business now provides direct, dedicated links to IBM Cloud's global network of data centres, allowing Comcast Business to provide enterprise customers added flexibility with more choices for connections to Cloud enablement. Comcast Business customers can receive up to 10 Gigabits-per-second (Gbps) of private network connectivity to IBM Cloud for public, private, or hybrid Cloud deployments, as well as bare metal environments, to deliver a wide range of critical business applications. Read further...
Nimbix, a public Cloud provider for supercomputing-class workloads, deep learning and AI, has made available high-performance NVIDIA Pascal GPUs using the NVIDIA DGX-1 AI supercomputer in the Nimbix Cloud. For an on-demand rate, customers gain access to the industry-leading native bandwidth of eight NVIDIA NVLink interconnected NVIDIA Tesla P100 GPUs to launch or develop state-of the-art machine learning workflows, accelerated analytics and a host of other GPU-powered applications. Read further...

USFlash

The experimental realization of ultrathin graphene - which earned two scientists from Manchester, United Kingdom the Nobel Prize in physics in 2010 - has ushered in a new age in materials research. Read further...
Artificially intelligent algorithms can learn to identify amazingly subtle information, enabling them to distinguish between people in photos or to screen medical images as well as a doctor. But in most cases their ability to perform such feats relies on training that involves thousands to trillions of data points. This means artificial intelligence doesn't work all that well in situations where there is very little data, such as drug development. Read further...
In debates over the future of artificial intelligence, many experts think of the new systems as coldly logical and objectively rational. But in a new study, researchers have demonstrated how machines can be reflections of us, their creators, in potentially problematic ways. Common machine learning programmes, when trained with ordinary human language available online, can acquire cultural biases embedded in the patterns of wording, the researchers found. These biases range from the morally neutral, like a preference for flowers over insects, to the objectionable views of race and gender. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2017-04-18

Quantum computing

QxBranch and Commonwealth Bank Australia launch quantum computing simulator ...

Indistinguishable photons key to advancing quantum technologies ...

Recent advances and new insights into quantum image processing ...

Focus on Europe

Teratec 2017 Forum issues Call for Participation ...

Hazel Hen helps explain ultrafast phase transition ...

Hardware

Engility to pursue NASA advanced computing services opportunity ...

DDN names Jessica Popp General Manager of IME business unit ...

Eni fires up its HPC3, the new hybrid high performance computer for E&P activities ...

DDN advances object storage performance and delivers industry's most flexible and cost-effective data protection ...

Asetek to receive RackCDU D2C order for new HPC installation ...

PSNC deploys ADVA Optical Networking 96-channel 100G core solution in pan-European research network ...

Putting a spin on logic gates ...

Tool for checking complex computer architectures reveals flaws in emerging design ...

System better allots network bandwidth, for faster page loads ...

Applications

SDSC to enhance campus research computing resources for bioinformatics ...

U.S. Department of Energy's INCITE programme seeks advanced computational research proposals for 2018 ...

Tutorials schedule announced for PEARC17 ...

Fujitsu awarded three prizes for science and technology from MEXT ...

Fujitsu and Grid partner to jointly develop AI services ...

IBM brings Anaconda Open Data Science platform to IBM Cognitive Systems ...

Jefferson Lab scientists eavesdrop on chatter of sub-atomic world ...

Buckle up - Climate change to increase severe aircraft turbulence ...

Beyond the frontiers of Supercomputing ...

Scientists develop a novel algorithm, inspired on the behaviour of bee colonies, which will help dismantling criminal social networks ...

The Cloud

Atos leads C2NET consortium - the first collaborative Cloud-based platform for SMEs to support manufacturing management ...

Comcast Business now provides enterprises with dedicated links to IBM Cloud ...

Nimbix ushers in next-generation GPUs for Cloud-based deep learning ...

USFlash

Group works toward devising topological superconductor ...

Stanford researchers create deep learning algorithm that could boost drug development ...

Biased bots: Human prejudices sneak into artificial intelligence systems ...