Primeur weekly 2017-02-06

Focus

Photon and Neutron Community ready to act as a go-between for the e-Infrastructures and user communities ...

Bridging socio-cultural distance in science through technical community-engaging mechanisms ...

Exascale supercomputing

How to improve data management in the supercomputers of the future ...

Crowd computing

Your computer can help scientists search for new childhood cancer treatments ...

Quantum computing

Quantum phase transition observed for the first time ...

Quantum matter: Shaken, but not stirred ...

First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computer ...

Focus on Europe

PRACE opens Tier-1 for Tier-0 service ...

Middleware

New version of Univa Unisight 4.1 provides comprehensive tool to support IT purchasing decisions ...

Czech TV speeds broadcast and production delivery with DDN's fully integrated MEDIAScaler platform ...

Optimized compiler yields more-efficient parallel programmes ...

Hardware

Three magnetic states for each hole: researchers investigate the potential of metal grids for electronic components ...

Making the switch to polarization diversity ...

SDSC's 'Comet' supercomputer surpasses '10,000 users' milestone ...

New Cheyenne supercomputer triples scientific capability with greater efficiency ...

GBP 3.2 million for Midlands-based high performance computing centre ...

Applications

Machine learning accurately predicts metallic defects ...

Jupiter Medical Center implements revolutionary Watson for Oncology to help oncologists make data-driven cancer treatment decisions ...

University of Delaware's Anderson Janotti receives NSF Career Award to model defects in complex materials ...

Supercomputing and experiment combine for first look at magnetism of real nanoparticle ...

Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries ...

Huawei and SURFsara join forces for ICT innovation in Smart Healthcare and Smart Energy ...

The shape of melting in two dimensions: University of Michigan team uses Titan to explore fundamental phase transitions ...

Nature Geoscience highlights CALIOPE's ability to "provide decision makers with the information they need to take preventive action" on air quality ...

Magnetic recording with light and no heat on garnet ...

Breaking the jargon barrier ...

Carnegie Mellon Artificial Intelligence beats top poker pros ...

Preventing blood clots with a new metric for heart function: Simulations on Stampede supercomputer reveal better way of predicting future clots in the left ventricle ...

Berkeley Lab resources used to model superluminous supernova in 2D for first time ...

The Cloud

Utilities regulators see value in the Cloud and Cloud technology investments as critical to utilities' success ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2017-02-06

Focus

After the e-IRG Workshop in Bratislava, Slovak Republic,Primeur Magazinetook the opportunity to talk with Andy Götz from the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility (ESRF) who is representing the Photon and Neutron community. This community consists of 17 institutes and 40.000 users in very different scientific fields. Andy Götz talked to the e-IRG community about what the Photon and Neutron community is doing and what it needs in terms of e-Infrastructures. The community is generating large quantities of data. The amount of data can go up to tens or hundreds of terabytes for one user group but it can also be very small, being less than 20 gigabytes. Read further...
After the e-IRG Workshop in Bratislava, Slovak Republic,Primeur Magazinetook the opportunity to talk with Dr. Dimitrios Koureas from the Natural History Museum in London and coordinator of the Distributed System of Scientific Collections (DiSSCo), a large initiative in the European landscape with the aim to bring together the natural science collections as a single research infrastructure. Dr. Koureas has also been involved in developing and operating a virtual research environment over the last ten years for biodiversity scientists and biodiversity data. Read further...

Exascale supercomputing

In recent decades, many scientific discoveries have depended on the analysis of an enormous volume of data, which is done essentially through computational simulations performed on a large scale in supercomputers. This type of machine is used for the study of climate models, the development of new materials, research into the origin of the universe, the study of the human genome and new applications in bioengineering. Read further...

Crowd computing

Medical researchers and IBM are asking for the public's help in finding prospective treatments for childhood cancers. Scientists are searching for chemical drug candidates that can affect the key molecules and proteins that control cancer cells in several common childhood cancers. However, finding drug candidates is normally an expensive and slow process. Read further...

Quantum computing

A group of scientists led by Johannes Fink from the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) reported the first experimental observation of a first-order phase transition in a dissipative quantum system. Phase transitions are something we often encounter in everyday life, for example when watching the freezing of water. But they also occur at the quantum mechanical level, where they are - in spite of their importance for various fields of physics - relatively unexplored. Read further...
A team of researchers led by Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet Muenchen (LMU) physics professor Immanuel Bloch has experimentally realized an exotic quantum system which is robust to mixing by periodic forces. Read further...
An international team, led by a scientist from the University of Sussex, has unveiled the first practical blueprint for how to build a quantum computer, the most powerful computer on Earth. Read further...

Focus on Europe

PRACE Preparatory Access is an established rolling Call for Proposals which supports researchers in Europe to port and adapt their applications to the PRACE Tier-0 infrastructure. The objective of PRACE Preparatory Access is to allow PRACE users to optimise, scale and test codes on PRACE systems, to prepare for Project Access. This new Preparatory Access (PA) Type D offers users to start the optimisation work on a PRACE Tier-1 national system to finally reach PRACE Tier-0 system scalability. Read further...

Middleware

Univa, an innovator of workload management products, has made available its Unisight v4.1 product, providing simple and extensible metric collection for all types of Univa Grid Engine data including NVIDIA GPUs and Software Licenses. Unisight v4.1 is a comprehensive monitoring and reporting tool that provides Grid Engine cluster admins the ability to measure resource utilization and use facts to plan additional server and application purchases. Read further...
Czech Television, the public television broadcaster in the Czech Republic, has implemented DDN's MEDIAScaler parallel file storage for better support of an explosion of digital video content and the demands of high-end production equipment, challenging 4K workflows and ultra-high-definition formats. In meeting its goal to deliver news, sports and entertainment broadcasting 24/7, including a wealth of original programming, Czech TV required the highest levels of storage performance and capacity. Read further...
Compilers are programmes that convert computer code written in high-level languages intelligible to humans into low-level instructions executable by machines. But there's more than one way to implement a given computation, and modern compilers extensively analyze the code they process, trying to deduce the implementations that will maximize the efficiency of the resulting software. Read further...

Hardware

Nanometer-scale magnetic perforated grids could create new possibilities for computing. Together with international colleagues, scientists from the Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR) have shown how a cobalt grid can be reliably programmed at room temperature. In addition they discovered that for every hole ("antidot") three magnetic states can be configured. Read further...
Vast amounts of data transmit across the Internet and telecommunications networks delivering, for example, real-time video calls from one cell phone to another - across the world. As people send and receive increasing amounts of data like ultra-high definition (4K, 8K) images over these largely optical fiber-based networks, and the demand for such increases, so too does the need for new technologies to transmit that data at enhanced speeds, with increased energy efficiency, and at lower cost. A promising way to do that is by using optical switches that relay signals carried by optical fibers from one circuit to another. One new technology in particular now offers significant improvement to the optical switches used by fiber optic networks. Read further...
Comet, the petascale supercomputer at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC), an Organized Research Unit of UC San Diego, has easily surpassed its target of serving at least 10,000 researchers across a diverse range of science disciplines, from astrophysics to redrawing the "tree of life". Read further...
The National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) is launching operations this month of one of the world's most powerful and energy-efficient supercomputers, providing the United States with a major new tool to advance understanding of the atmospheric and related Earth system sciences. Read further...
The Midlands Innovation group of universities - which includes Aston - plus Queen Mary University of London have been awarded GBP 3.2 million from the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council to establish HPC Midlands Plus - a centre of excellence in high performance computing. Read further...

Applications

For the first time, researchers at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have built and trained machine learning algorithms to predict defect behaviour in certain intermetallic compounds with high accuracy. This method will accelerate research of new advanced alloys and lightweight new materials for applications spanning automotive to aerospace and much more. Read further...
Jupiter Medical Center will adopt Watson for Oncology trained by Memorial Sloan Kettering (MSK), a cognitive computing platform to provide insights to physicians to help them deliver personalized, evidence-based cancer treatment. Jupiter is the first U.S. community hospital to adopt Watson for Oncology, which will go live at the facility in the beginning of March. Read further...
The University of Delaware's Anderson Janotti has won a National Science Foundation (NSF) Faculty Early Career Development Award to develop computational models of defects in materials that are used for energy, electronics, and optoelectronics applications. Read further...
Barely wider than a strand of human DNA, magnetic nanoparticles - such as those made from iron and platinum atoms - are promising materials for next-generation recording and storage devices like hard drives. Building these devices from nanoparticles should increase storage capacity and density, but understanding how magnetism works at the level of individual atoms is critical to getting the best performance. Read further...
Ever since Italian physicist Alessandro Volta invented the first battery out of a stack of copper and zinc disks separated by moistened cardboard, scientists have been searching for better battery materials. Read further...
Huawei and SURFsara have started their strategic partnership for stimulating ICT-technology innovations in the fields of Smart Healthcare and Smart Energy that will benefit society and a sustainable economy. On January 31, 2017, a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for this collaboration has been signed. The innovations in this partnership will be under the umbrella of the new SURF Open Innovation Lab. Read further...
Snow falls in winter and melts in spring, but what drives the phase change in between? Although melting is a familiar phenomenon encountered in everyday life, playing a part in many industrial and commercial processes, much remains to be discovered about this transformation at a fundamental level. Read further...
The editorial of this month'sNature Geosciencejournal highlights the capabilities of the Barcelona Supercomputing Center's air quality forecasting system. The publication, which dedicates its editorial to the problem of urban air pollution, stresses the ability of the CALIOPE system to "provide decision-makers with the information they need take preventive action" on air quality. Read further...
A strong short light pulse can record data on a magnetic layer of yttrium iron garnet doped with Co-ions. This was discovered by researchers from Radboud University in The Netherlands and Bialystok University in Poland. The novel mechanism outperforms existing alternatives allowing ever fastest write-read magnetic recording accompanied by unprecedentedly low heat load, the scientific magazineNaturereported on January 18 2017. Read further...
On 30 January the team of eScience Research Engineers and eScience Principal Investigators came together to talk about shared challenges across different research disciplines. Read further...
Libratus, an artificial intelligence developed by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), made history by defeating four of the world's best professional poker players in a marathon 20-day poker competition, called "Brains Vs. Artificial Intelligence: Upping the Ante" at Rivers Casino in Pittsburgh. Read further...
The heart is a wonder of design - a pump that can function for 80 years, and billions of heartbeats, without breaking down. But when it does malfunction, the results can be dire. In research reported in the International Journal of Cardiology , scientists from Johns Hopkins University and Ohio State University presented a new method for predicting those most at risk for thrombus, or blood clots, in the heart. Read further...
Sightings of a rare breed of superluminous supernovae - stellar explosions that shine 10 to 100 times brighter than normal - are perplexing astronomers. First spotted only in last decade, scientists are confounded by the extraordinary brightness of these events and their explosion mechanisms. To better understand the physical conditions that create superluminious supernova, astrophysicists are running two-dimensional (2D) simulations of these events using supercomputers at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory developed CASTRO code. Read further...

The Cloud

Oracle Utilities has issued the findings of its new U.S. regulators Cloud study "Clearing a Path to the Cloud: U.S. Regulator Perspectives on Cloud Technologies", highlighting that 83 percent of U.S. utilities regulators surveyed believe the Cloud to be an important technology trend and 67 percent agree that the Cloud will be critical to utilities' future success. The new study is a follow on to Oracle's 2016 utilities study "On Cloud Now". Read further...

Primeur weekly 2017-02-06

Focus

Photon and Neutron Community ready to act as a go-between for the e-Infrastructures and user communities ...

Bridging socio-cultural distance in science through technical community-engaging mechanisms ...

Exascale supercomputing

How to improve data management in the supercomputers of the future ...

Crowd computing

Your computer can help scientists search for new childhood cancer treatments ...

Quantum computing

Quantum phase transition observed for the first time ...

Quantum matter: Shaken, but not stirred ...

First ever blueprint unveiled to construct a large scale quantum computer ...

Focus on Europe

PRACE opens Tier-1 for Tier-0 service ...

Middleware

New version of Univa Unisight 4.1 provides comprehensive tool to support IT purchasing decisions ...

Czech TV speeds broadcast and production delivery with DDN's fully integrated MEDIAScaler platform ...

Optimized compiler yields more-efficient parallel programmes ...

Hardware

Three magnetic states for each hole: researchers investigate the potential of metal grids for electronic components ...

Making the switch to polarization diversity ...

SDSC's 'Comet' supercomputer surpasses '10,000 users' milestone ...

New Cheyenne supercomputer triples scientific capability with greater efficiency ...

GBP 3.2 million for Midlands-based high performance computing centre ...

Applications

Machine learning accurately predicts metallic defects ...

Jupiter Medical Center implements revolutionary Watson for Oncology to help oncologists make data-driven cancer treatment decisions ...

University of Delaware's Anderson Janotti receives NSF Career Award to model defects in complex materials ...

Supercomputing and experiment combine for first look at magnetism of real nanoparticle ...

Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries ...

Huawei and SURFsara join forces for ICT innovation in Smart Healthcare and Smart Energy ...

The shape of melting in two dimensions: University of Michigan team uses Titan to explore fundamental phase transitions ...

Nature Geoscience highlights CALIOPE's ability to "provide decision makers with the information they need to take preventive action" on air quality ...

Magnetic recording with light and no heat on garnet ...

Breaking the jargon barrier ...

Carnegie Mellon Artificial Intelligence beats top poker pros ...

Preventing blood clots with a new metric for heart function: Simulations on Stampede supercomputer reveal better way of predicting future clots in the left ventricle ...

Berkeley Lab resources used to model superluminous supernova in 2D for first time ...

The Cloud

Utilities regulators see value in the Cloud and Cloud technology investments as critical to utilities' success ...