Primeur weekly 2017-01-30

Exascale supercomputing

Co-design centres to help make next-generation exascale computing a reality ...

Quantum computing

Supercool electrons ...

D-Wave announces D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer and first system order ...

Temporal Defense Systems purchases the first D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer ...

Fast track control accelerates switching of quantum bits ...

Focus on Europe

Bright Computing teams up with SGI to co-sponsor UK HPC & Big Data event ...

When life sciences become data sciences ...

PRACE Spring School 2017 - HPC for Life Sciences, registration is open ...

ITER and BSC tighten their collaboration to simulate the process of fusion power generation ...

Netherlands eScience Center to issue annual report ...

Middleware

BSC releases PyCOMPSs version 2.0 as a PIP installable package ...

Hardware

RSC gets the highest Elite status in the Intel Solutions for Lustre Reseller Programme ...

Finding a needle in the ocean ...

GIGABYTE selects Cavium QLogic 10/25GbE FastLinQ technology to power its next generation servers ...

Setting up light paths using the SURFnet Network Dashboard ...

Minerva will calculate gravitational waves faster than the Albert Einstein Institute's previous supercomputer ...

Applications

Big Brother will have some difficulty 'watching you' in future ...

Engineers eat away at Ms. Pac-Man score with artificial player ...

Mummy visualization impresses in computer journal ...

Berkeley launches RISELab, enabling computers to make intelligent real-time decisions ...

Model sheds light on inhibitory neurons' computational role ...

Using Big Data to understand immune system responses ...

Artificial intelligence uncovers new insight into biophysics of cancer ...

PPPL scientist uncovers physics behind plasma-etching process ...

Computer-aided drug design ...

IBM expands choices for PowerAI developers with TensorFlow ...

Hussein Aluie awarded hours on supercomputer at Argonne ...

CWI develops algorithms that shorten response time of ambulance ...

A rising peptide: Supercomputing helps scientists come closer to tailoring drug molecules ...

The Cloud

Oracle expands Startup Accelerator Programme to further promote global Cloud innovation ...

Technical computing hub UberCloud receives funding from Earlybird ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2017-01-30

Exascale supercomputing

The next generation of supercomputers will help researchers tackle increasingly complex problems through modelling large-scale systems, such as nuclear reactors or global climate, and simulating complex phenomena, such as the chemistry of molecular interactions. In order to be successful, these systems must be able to carry out vast numbers of calculations at extreme speeds, reliably store enormous amounts of information and be able to quickly deliver this information with minimal errors. To create such a system, computer designers have to first find ways to overcome limitations in existing high-performance computing systems and develop, design and optimize new software and hardware technologies to operate at exascale. Read further...

Quantum computing

The future of quantum computing is a hot topic not only for experts but also in many commercial and governmental agencies. Rather than processing and storing information as bits in transistors or memories, which limit information to the binary '1' or '0', quantum computers would instead use quantum systems, such as atoms, ions, or electrons, as 'qubits' to process and store "quantum information" in, which can be in an infinite number of combinations of '1 and 0'. Read further...
D-Wave Systems Inc., an expert in quantum computing systems and software, has made commercially available the D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer. D-Wave also announced the first customer for the new system, Temporal Defense Systems Inc. (TDS), a cutting-edge cyber security firm. With 2000 qubits and new control features, the new system can solve larger problems than was previously possible, with faster performance, providing a big step toward production applications in optimization, cybersecurity, machine learning, and sampling. Read further...
Temporal Defense Systems Inc. (TDS), a cyber security firm, will acquire the first D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer. The D-Wave 2000Q system, valued at $15 million, will be used with TDS technology to solve some of the most critical and complex cyber security problems impacting governments and commercial enterprises. The agreement also includes upgrades to future D-Wave quantum processing units (QPUs). Read further...
From laptops to cellphones, today's technology advances through the ever-increasing speed at which electric charges are directed through circuits. Similar advances can happen in the emerging field of quantum technology by speeding up control over quantum states in atomic and nanoscale systems. Read further...

Focus on Europe

Bright Computing, a global expert in cluster and Cloud infrastructure automation software, has teamed up with SGI to co-sponsor a High Performance Computing & Big Data event in London, on February 1st, 2017. Read further...
The University of Freiburg has set up infrastructure and services to support researchers across Europe in the fields of biology, medicine, and pharmacy with the analysis of very large data sets. The team led by Rolf Backofen, Professor of Bioinformatics at the Faculty of Engineering, has been coordinating the High Performance Computing Center since 2015. The centre receives sponsorship of some 5.8 million euro from the German Ministry of Education and Research and is now being expanded into a Europe-wide service. This places the group at the forefront of networks in Germany and across Europe. Read further...
The PRACE Spring School 2017 - HPC for Life Sciences - will be organized in Stockholm, Sweden, in collaboration with BioExcel, April 10-13, 2017. The mission of the 2017 PRACE Spring School is to give a comprehensive introduction to several of the widely used life science software that is available on the PRACE HPC systems, as well as discussing the scalability of the software and performance issues, and teaching best practices on HPC systems that have been observed during PRACE research activities. The registration deadline is March 17, 2017. Read further...
The ITER Organization and the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) have gone one step further in their collaboration to simulate the process of fusion power generation. Both parties have signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) in which they agree on the importance of promoting and furthering academic and scientific cooperation in all academic and scientific fields of mutual interest and to advance the training of young researchers. ITER is the international nuclear fusion R&D project, which is building the world's largest experimental tokamak in France. Its aims to demonstrate that fusion energy is scientifically and technologically feasible. Read further...
The Netherlands eScience Center has issued its annual report, titled "Enabling digitally enhanced science in 2016". Read further...

Middleware

The Workflows and Distributed Computing team at the Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) has released PyCOMPSs/COMPSs as a PIP installable package. With the objective of promoting PyCOMPSs/COMPSs in the Python community, BSC releases this installable package to be used in its PATC tutorial on February 2nd. Read further...

Hardware

RSC Group, a developer and system integrator of innovative solutions for high-performance computing (HPC) and data centres in Russia and CIS, was granted the highest Elite status in the Intel Solutions for Lustre Reseller Programme confirming the highest level of knowledge and practical experience of partner's employees needed to promote, deploy and support Intel Lustre Solutions (Intel Enterprise Edition for Lustre software, Intel Foundation Edition for Lustre software, Intel Cloud Edition for Lustre software) for end customer's scalable high-performance storage systems with parallel access based on Lustre - distributed cluster file system. Only 9 Intel's partners in Europe currently have this status. Read further...
Big Data is being used in a broad range of applications from targeting customers and improving sports performance to operating self-driving cars and decoding DNA. Read further...
GIGABYTE Technology, a vendor of high performance server hardware, has selected Cavium's QLogic FastLinQ 10GbE and 25GbE Ethernet adapters and controllers for adoption across a broad portfolio of servers and differing form factors. These controllers support a comprehensive set of virtualization, Universal RDMA and multi-tenant services, enabling GIGABYTE server solutions to deliver higher performance options for the most sophisticated data centres, telcos and Cloud providers. Read further...
The beta version of the second release of the SURFnet Network Dashboard is being tested by a number of institutions. Users in 'infrastructure manager' roles are assessing the latest functionality: setting up light paths between Multi Service Ports (MSPs). After a test period, this functionality will be available to all institutions with an MSP. Read further...
The new supercomputer "Minerva" has been put into operation at the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics (Albert Einstein Institute, AEI). With 9,504 compute cores, 38 TeraByte memory and a peak performance of 302.4 TeraFlop/s it is more than six times as powerful as its predecessor. The scientists of the department "Astrophysical and Cosmological Relativity" can now compute significantly more gravitational waveforms and also carry out more complex simulations. Read further...

Applications

On 23 January 2017,Nature Physicshas published online the research by a team led by physicists from the School of Physics at Wits University. In their paper titled "Characterising quantum channels with non-separable states of classical light" the researchers demonstrate the startling result that sometimes nature cannot tell the difference between particular types of laser beams and quantum entangled photons. Read further...
Using a novel approach for computing real-time game strategy, engineers have developed an artificial Ms. Pac-Man player that chomps the existing high score for computerized play. Read further...
Using visualisation technology developed at Linköping University under the auspices of Visualization Center C, visitors to the British Museum can reveal the murder of the mummified Geberlein Man, 5,500 years ago. This world-leading technology has been described in a prestigious journal of computer science,Communications of the ACM, where it has received a great deal of attention. Read further...
UC Berkeley has launched the RISELab, the successor of AMPLab, and the latest in its series of five-year intensive research labs in computer science. RISELab's mission is to improve how machines make intelligent decisions based on real-time input. The lab has support from founding sponsors that include Amazon Web Services, Ant Financial, Capital One, Ericsson, GE Digital, Google, Huawei, Intel, IBM, Microsoft and VMWare. Read further...
Researchers at MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory have developed a new computational model of a neural circuit in the brain, which could shed light on the biological role of inhibitory neurons - neurons that keep other neurons from firing. Read further...
Numerous researchers around the globe have begun to use the gene editing tool CRISPR to understand human biology. One of them is Associate Professor Richard Kandasamy at the Norwegian University of Science and Technology's (NTNU) Centre of Molecular Inflammation Research (CEMIR). Richard Kandasamy is working on understanding inflammatory reactions that occur in many diseases. Read further...
Scientists from Tufts University's School of Arts and Sciences, the Allen Discovery Center at Tufts, and the University of Maryland, Baltimore County have used artificial intelligence to gain insight into the biophysics of cancer. Their machine-learning platform predicted a trio of reagents that was able to generate a never-before-seen cancer-like phenotype in tadpoles. The research, reported inScientific Reportson January 27, shows how artificial intelligence (AI) can help human researchers in fields such as oncology and regenerative medicine control complex biological systems to reach new and previously unachievable outcomes. Read further...
Physicist Igor Kaganovich at the Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) and collaborators have uncovered some of the physics that make possible the etching of silicon computer chips, which power cell phones, computers, and a huge range of electronic devices. Specifically, the team found how electrically charged gas known as plasma makes the etching process more effective than it would otherwise be. The research, published in two papers appearing in the September and December 2016 issues ofPhysics of Plasmas, was supported by the DOE's Office of Science (FES). Read further...
In May 2016, Dr. Zoe Cournia - a computational chemist at the Biomedical Research Foundation, Academy of Athens (BRFAA) - was presented with the inaugural PRACE Ada Lovelace Award for HPC. The award - named after the British mathematician widely thought to have written the first algorithm for a machine - was created to recognise women who have made outstanding contributions to the field of high performance computing in Europe. Read further...
IBM's PowerAI distribution for popular open source Machine Learning and Deep Learning frameworks on the POWER8 architecture now supports the TensorFlow 0.12 framework that was originally created by Google. TensorFlow support through IBM PowerAI provides enterprises with another option for fast, flexible, and production-ready tools and support for developing advanced machine learning products and systems. Read further...
Most academic grants come with money, but Hussein Aluie has received a research boost that money can't buy. The assistant professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Rochester has been awarded access to Mira - a supercomputer at Argonne National Laboratory in Illinois - to conduct massively parallel simulations. The award would allow Hussein Aluie and his team to utilize 300,000 computers simultaneously to run one of their proposed simulations in under four days, when it would take a desktop computer more than 2000 years to complete. Read further...
In emergency situations where every second counts, the timely presence of an ambulance can be a matter of live or death. In The Netherlands the norm for the response time of ambulances amounts 15 minutes for high-urgency incidents. In practice this norm is not always met however. Read further...
A team of researchers led by biophysicists at the University of Washington have come one step closer to designing tailor-made drug molecules that are more precise and carry fewer side effects than most existing therapeutic compounds. With the help of the Mira supercomputer, located at the Argonne Leadership Computing Facility at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory, the scientists have successfully designed and verified stable versions of synthetic peptides, components that join together to form proteins. They published their work in a recent issue ofNature. Read further...

The Cloud

Oracle has expanded its Startup Cloud Accelerator programme. The initiative will continue to fuel Cloud-enabled innovation around the globe by opening new centres in Bristol, Delhi-NCR, Mumbai, Paris, São Paulo, Singapore and Tel Aviv. Read further...
UberCloud, the Silicon Valley based hub in the Cloud for engineers and scientists to discover, try, and buy computing on demand, has announced the closing of its Pre-A $1.7 million round lead by Earlybird Venture Capital. Roland Manger, co-founder and partner of Earlybird, joins the UberCloud Board of Directors. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2017-01-30

Exascale supercomputing

Co-design centres to help make next-generation exascale computing a reality ...

Quantum computing

Supercool electrons ...

D-Wave announces D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer and first system order ...

Temporal Defense Systems purchases the first D-Wave 2000Q quantum computer ...

Fast track control accelerates switching of quantum bits ...

Focus on Europe

Bright Computing teams up with SGI to co-sponsor UK HPC & Big Data event ...

When life sciences become data sciences ...

PRACE Spring School 2017 - HPC for Life Sciences, registration is open ...

ITER and BSC tighten their collaboration to simulate the process of fusion power generation ...

Netherlands eScience Center to issue annual report ...

Middleware

BSC releases PyCOMPSs version 2.0 as a PIP installable package ...

Hardware

RSC gets the highest Elite status in the Intel Solutions for Lustre Reseller Programme ...

Finding a needle in the ocean ...

GIGABYTE selects Cavium QLogic 10/25GbE FastLinQ technology to power its next generation servers ...

Setting up light paths using the SURFnet Network Dashboard ...

Minerva will calculate gravitational waves faster than the Albert Einstein Institute's previous supercomputer ...

Applications

Big Brother will have some difficulty 'watching you' in future ...

Engineers eat away at Ms. Pac-Man score with artificial player ...

Mummy visualization impresses in computer journal ...

Berkeley launches RISELab, enabling computers to make intelligent real-time decisions ...

Model sheds light on inhibitory neurons' computational role ...

Using Big Data to understand immune system responses ...

Artificial intelligence uncovers new insight into biophysics of cancer ...

PPPL scientist uncovers physics behind plasma-etching process ...

Computer-aided drug design ...

IBM expands choices for PowerAI developers with TensorFlow ...

Hussein Aluie awarded hours on supercomputer at Argonne ...

CWI develops algorithms that shorten response time of ambulance ...

A rising peptide: Supercomputing helps scientists come closer to tailoring drug molecules ...

The Cloud

Oracle expands Startup Accelerator Programme to further promote global Cloud innovation ...

Technical computing hub UberCloud receives funding from Earlybird ...