Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2016-12-27

Crowd computing

Almost 25.000 light years away, two dead stars, each more massive than our Sun, but only 20 kilometers in diameter, orbit one another in less than five hours. This unusual pair of extreme objects, known as neutron stars, was discovered by an international team of scientists - including researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Gravitational Physics and the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy - and by volunteers from the distributed computing project Einstein@Home. Their find is the latest addition to a short list of only 14 known similar binary systems, and it also is the most massive of those. Double neutron star systems are important cosmic laboratories that enable some of the most precise tests of Einstein's theory of general relativity. They also play an important role as potential gravitational-wave sources for the LIGO detectors. Read further...

Quantum computing

Researchers have developed a new type of light-enhancing optical cavity that is only 200 nanometers tall and 100 nanometers across. Their new nanoscale system represents a step toward brighter single-photon sources, which could help propel quantum-based encryption and a truly secure and future-proofed network. Read further...
In a step that brings silicon-based quantum computers closer to reality, researchers at Princeton University have built a device in which a single electron can pass its quantum information to a particle of light. Read further...

Focus on Europe

Every year, the experimental SCinet network is built for the Super Computing (SC) conference. SCinet is with 3Tbps the fastest network in the world. SURF contributed to build SCinet and used the network for a demo of network function virtualization. Read further...

Hardware

The University of Tasmania is investing in a new high-performance computer cluster (HPC) to meet the needs of a research thrust that is becoming increasingly data intensive. University Acting Deputy Vice-Chancellor Research Professor Clive Baldock said the investment - which will include hardware and data centre facilities - will strengthen the University's research effort to solve urgent scientific problems in existing strengths, including climate and ocean sciences. Read further...

Applications

Cleveland Clinic and IBM have signed a five-year agreement to expand the Clinic's health information technology capabilities. The Clinic and IBM aim to establish a model for a health system transition to value-based care and population health, and to uncover potential standards that could be replicated by providers nationwide. The agreement builds on a decades-long relationship between the two organisations, and reflects the parties' intention to expand the use of IBM's secured Cloud, social, mobile and Watson cognitive computing technologies across clinical and administrative operations. The collaboration is also being designed to better capture the value of data and to enhance patient care across the systems' nine regional hospitals and 18 full-service family health centres. Read further...
The Netherlands eScience Center has initiated four new alliances and two new Path-Finding projects. The projects are collaborations with research teams from the University of Twente, Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica, Delft University of Technology, University of Groningen and Wageningen University. Read further...
At the National Institutes of Natural Sciences National Institute for Fusion Science (NIFS) a research group using the NIFS 'Plasma Simulator' supercomputer succeeded for the first time in the world in calculating the movements of one billion plasma particles and the electrical field constructed by those particles. Further, they clarified from the particle level (micro-level) the movements of the plasma blob that appears in the edge regions of high-temperature plasmas. Read further...
Physicists from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) and the Joint Institute for High Temperatures of the Russian Academy of Sciences described the mobility of line defects, or dislocations, in uranium dioxide. This will enable future predictions of nuclear fuel behavior under operating conditions. The research findings were published in theInternational Journal of Plasticity. Read further...
Scientists at the Pharmaceutical Artificial Intelligence (pharma.AI) group of Insilico Medicine Inc. have published a seminal paper demonstrating the application of generative adversarial auto-encoders (AAEs) to generating new molecular fingerprints on demand. The study was published inOncotargeton 22nd of December, 2016. The study represents the proof of concept for applying Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) to drug discovery. The authors significantly extended this model to generate new leads according to multiple requested characteristics and plan to launch a comprehensive GAN-based drug discovery engine producing promising therapeutic treatments to significantly accelerate pharmaceutical R&D and improve the success rates in clinical trials. Read further...
KC Claffy, principal investigator and founding director of the Center for Applied Internet Data Analysis (CAIDA) at the San Diego Supercomputer Center (SDSC), has been named to the second annual "10 Women in Networking/Communications That You Should Know" list. Read further...
Nuclear science, a field focused on what's at work in the centre of atoms, brought us a powerful energy source and new medical treatments and imaging tools. And the U.S. Department of Energy's national laboratories have for decades contributed basic nuclear science results and other data on nuclear reactions and nuclear structure to support these and other applications, such as the management of our nuclear weapons stockpile. Now, to help fill some important knowledge gaps and settle disagreements between experiments and models, the DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is ramping up its efforts to solve common problems for a broad group of stakeholders in the nuclear energy, security, and medical fields. Read further...

The Cloud

Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, a medical centre dedicated to improving health through collaborative innovation in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, has selected Oracle Cloud Applications to optimize the performance of its finance and HR organisations. The move to Oracle Cloud is part of Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center’s larger strategy to transform business practices via modern Cloud applications. Read further...
Red Hat Inc., a provider of open source solutions, has made available Red Hat OpenStack Platform 10, the company's massively-scalable and agile Cloud Infrastructure-as-a-Service (IaaS) solution. Based on the upstream OpenStack 'Newton' release, Red Hat OpenStack Platform 10 drives new features that increase system-wide scalability, ease infrastructure management, and improve orchestration, while also enhancing network performance and platform security. Additionally, Red Hat OpenStack Platform 10 introduces a new software life cycle, with optional support up to 5 years. Read further...