Primeur weekly 2016-10-31

Quantum computing

Fujitsu Laboratories develops new architecture that rivals quantum computers in utility ...

Precise quantum cloning: Possible pathway to secure communication ...

Focus on Europe

e-IRG requests comments on its 2016 Roadmap in open consultation ...

e-IRG to organize open e-IRG Workshop, November 15-16, in Bratislava, Slovak Republic ...

European market adopting OpenPOWER technology at accelerated pace ...

Middleware

Barcelona Supercomputing Center forms strategic collaboration agreement with the OpenFog Consortium ...

SUSE steps up to support innovative ARM solutions for customers ...

Technique reveals the basis for machine-learning systems' decisions ...

Hardware

Texas A&M launches supercomputer with 10 times the power of predecessor ...

Barcelona Supercomputing Center joins the OpenPOWER Foundation ...

Penguin Computing annouces Open Compute-based deep learning solution with NVIDIA Tesla P40 and P4 GPU accelerators ...

Iceotope extends silent liquid cooling to GPU computing ...

Mellanox begins shipments of ConnectX-5 adapter to leading server and storage OEMs and key end-users ...

Researchers find weakness in common computer chip ...

A tiny machine - UCSB electrical and computer engineers design an infinitesimal computing device ...

When it comes to atomic-scale manufacturing, less really is more ...

Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions ...

Fujitsu adopts Cadence Palladium Z1 enterprise emulation platform for Post-K supercomputer ...

Applications

Supercomputers capture the crush in biological cells ...

How planets like Jupiter form ...

Supercomputing the p53 protein as a promising anticancer therapy ...

Splitting disulphide bonds in water is more complicated than previously thought ...

Autonomous search agents could support researchers ...

Nickel-78 is a 'doubly magic' isotope, supercomputing calculations confirm ...

Computer model is 'crystal ball' for E. coli bacteria ...

Collaboration yields open source technology for computational science ...

Fixing deficits in boundary plasma models ...

Rice-led team shows it can improve quality of supercomputing answers by 1000 times ...

Finding patterns in corrupted data ...

First results of NSTX-U research operations ...

The Cloud

18 OpenStack Cloud vendors successfully complete community Interop Challenge issued by IBM Cloud ...

IBM unleashes the power of machine learning with Watson-enabled data platform ...

Teva Pharmaceuticals and IBM expand global partnership to enable drug development and chronic disease management with Watson ...

IBM delivers speed, scale and simplicity with hybrid Cloud database ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2016-10-31

Quantum computing

Fujitsu Laboratories Ltd. has collaborated with the University of Toronto to develop a new computing architecture to tackle a range of real-world issues by solving combinatorial optimization problems, which involve finding the best combination of elements out of an enormous set of element combinations. This architecture employs conventional semiconductor technology with flexible circuit configurations to allow it to handle a broader range of problems than current quantum computing can manage. In addition, multiple computation circuits can be run in parallel to perform the optimization computations, enabling scalability in terms of problem size and processing speed. Fujitsu Laboratories implemented a prototype of the architecture using FPGAs for the basic optimization circuit, which is the minimum constituent element of the architecture, and found the architecture capable of performing computations some 10,000 times faster than a conventional computer. Read further...
Physicists at the Australian National University (ANU) and University of Queensland (UQ) have produced near-perfect clones of quantum information using a new method to surpass previous cloning limits. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The e-IRG has published the draft of its 2016 Roadmap. It is now requesting comments in an open consultation. It is open for everyone to provide comments. These will be collected and published and used to prepare the final version of the e-IRG Roadmap 2016. The Open Consultation closes on 2016-11-10. The final Roadmap 2016 will be published on 2016-12-05. Read further...
The next Open e-IRG Workshop will be organized under the auspices of the Slovakian Presidency of the Council of the European Union in Bratislava, Slovak Republic on November 15-16, 2016. Read further...
At the inaugural OpenPOWER European Summit, the OpenPOWER Foundation made a series of announcements detailing the rapid growth, adoption and support of OpenPOWER across the continent. Read further...

Middleware

Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) and the OpenFog Consortium (OpenFog) will actively collaborate in order to accelerate proof of concepts and technical development of fog computing. Fog computing is the architecture for computing, storage, control and networking that distributes those services closer to end users along the Cloud-to-things continuum, and is particularly useful in Internet of Things (IoT), artificial intelligence and 5G applications. Read further...
SUSE has unveiled SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for ARM, the first commercial enterprise Linux distribution optimized for servers based on the 64-bit ARMv8-A architecture. SUSE's fully supported enterprise Linux will allow hardware and software providers to create and provide innovative ARM-based solutions more quickly for enterprise IT customers. In 2015, SUSE announced collaboration with partners to bring SUSE Enterprise Storage to devices powered by 64-bit ARM technology. SUSE Linux Enterprise Server for ARM is a major step toward delivery of ARM support for software-defined storage systems and other solutions. Read further...
In recent years, the best-performing systems in artificial-intelligence research have come courtesy of neural networks, which look for patterns in training data that yield useful predictions or classifications. A neural net might, for instance, be trained to recognize certain objects in digital images or to infer the topics of texts. Read further...

Hardware

Researchers at Texas A&M University can now take on a whole new class of high-level scientific problems, thanks to a newly installed $2.1 million supercomputer that offers 10 times the processing power of its predecessor, announced Division of Research officials. This increase in computational power will support projects that include developing new materials, discovering new drugs, forecasting storm surges and managing energy resources, the officials stated. Read further...
Barcelona Supercomputing Center (BSC) has joined the OpenPOWER Foundation, and started activity within this community with a keynote address by its Director, Mateo Valero at the OpenPOWER Summit Europe, held in Barcelona on the 26th to 28th of October 2016. The OpenPOWER Foundation is a not-for-profit open development community based on the POWER microprocessor architecture. Read further...
Penguin Computing, a provider of high performance, enterprise data centre and Cloud solutions, has made available Open Compute-based Tundra Relion X1904GT and Tundra Relion 1930g servers, powered by NVIDIA Tesla P40 and P4 GPU accelerators, respectively, for deep learning training and inference requirements. Read further...
Iceotope, a liquid cooling technology company, has made available a silent, liquid cooled GPU compatible server blade to accommodate high-performance computing components such as graphics cards and media accelerators. Read further...
Mellanox Technologies Ltd., a supplier of high-performance, end-to-end interconnect solutions for data centre servers and storage systems, has made the first shipments of ConnectX-5, the world's highest performing 10, 25, 40, 50, 56 and 100Gb/s EDR InfiniBand and Ethernet adapter, to leading server and storage OEMs and key end-users. ConnectX-5 sets new performance records, enables greater applications and data centre performance. Read further...
Researchers from Binghamton University, State University of New York and University of California, Riverside have found a weakness in the Haswell central processing unit (CPU) components that makes common computer operating systems vulnerable to malicious attacks. Computer hackers could take control of individual, company and government computers if a weak point in address space layout randomization (ASLR) software is exploited by manipulating a CPU's branch predictor, a piece of hardware designed to improve programme performance. Read further...
In 1959 renowned physicist Richard Feynman, in his talk "Plenty of Room at the Bottom", spoke of a future in which tiny machines could perform huge feats. Like many forward-looking concepts, his molecule and atom-sized world remained for years in the realm of science fiction. Read further...
Robert Wolkow is no stranger to mastering the ultra-small and the ultra-fast. A pioneer in atomic-scale science with a Guinness World Record to boot - for a needle with a single atom at the point, Robert Wolkow's team, together with collaborators at the Max Plank Institute in Hamburg, have just released findings that detail how to create atomic switches for electricity, many times smaller than what is currently used. Read further...
The processing power of standard computers is likely to reach its maximum in the next 10 to 25 years. Even at this maximum power, traditional computers won't be able to handle a particular class of problem that involves combining variables to come up with many possible answers, and looking for the best solution. Read further...
Fujitsu has adopted the Cadence Palladium Z1 enterprise emulation platform for the development of the ARMv8-based Post-K computer. The Post-K computer is the next-generation flagship supercomputer in Japan that reaches performance targets that are a maximum of 100 times faster than the K computer, which is the original 10-petaflop supercomputer that started full-scale operation in 2012. After a rigorous multi-vendor selection process, Fujitsu decided to use the Palladium Z1 enterprise emulation platform exclusively for its advanced server and supercomputer development. Read further...

Applications

Using the largest computer in Japan - one of the most powerful in the world - research led by a Michigan State University (MSU) scientist has achieved breakthroughs in understanding how proteins are affected by realistic biological environments. The work is a significant step forward in simulating biology in a computer. Read further...
Young giant planets are born from gas and dust. Researchers at ETH Zürich and the Universities of Zürich and Bern simulated different scenarios relying on the computing power of the Swiss National Supercomputing Centre (CSCS) to find out how they exactly form and evolve. They compared their results with observations and were able to show a significant difference between the two postulated formation mechanisms. Read further...
Even though it's almost impossible to see, computational biophysicist Rommie Amaro is using the Stampede supercomputer at the Texas Advanced Computing Center at The University of Texas at Austin to model the largest atomic level system of the tumor suppression protein p53 to date - over 1.5 million atoms. The simulations identify new "pockets" to reactivate p53 which would be a tremendous boost for future anti-cancer drug discovery. Read further...
From a chemical perspective, splitting disulphide bonds under tensile stress is a substantially more complicated process than previously assumed. This is the conclusion of researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum in the journalNature Chemistryfollowing extensive computer simulations. Depending on the strength of the pull exerted on the bond between the two sulphur atoms, the reaction mechanism that splits the bond is changed. Read further...
Researchers could soon enlist help from digital assistants to review vast swathes of literature, according to a new report on artificial intelligence. Read further...
For many of us, the term "doubly magic" may evoke images of Penn & Teller. However, for nuclear physicists, it describes atomic nuclei that have greater stability than their neighbors thanks to having shells that are fully occupied by both protons and neutrons. Theoretical physicists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory recently used Titan, America's most powerful supercomputer, to compute the nuclear structure of nickel-78, consisting of 28 protons and 50 neutrons, and found that this neutron-rich nucleus is indeed doubly magic. The results, published in the journalPhysical Review Letters, may improve understanding of the origin, organisation and interactions of stable matter. Read further...
It's difficult to make predictions, especially about the future, and even more so when they involve the reactions of living cells - huge numbers of genes, proteins and enzymes, embedded in complex pathways and feedback loops. Yet researchers at the University of California, Davis, Genome Center and Department of Computer Science are attempting just that, building a computer model that predicts the behaviour of a single cell of the bacterium Escherichia coli. Read further...
The gap between the computational science and open source software communities just got smaller - thanks to an international collaboration among national laboratories, universities and industry. Read further...
Researchers working on the DIII-D tokamak in San Diego are working to show how plasma transport and atomic physics come together to provide power exhaust solutions. Read further...
Computer scientists from Rice University, Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have used one of Isaac Newton's numerical methods to demonstrate how 'inexact computing' can dramatically improve the quality of simulations run on supercomputers. Read further...
Data analysis - and particularly Big-Data analysis - is often a matter of fitting data to some sort of mathematical model. The most familiar example of this might be linear regression, which finds a line that approximates a distribution of data points. But fitting data to probability distributions, such as the familiar bell curve, is just as common. Read further...
Researchers from the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratories (PPPL) and collaborating institutions presented results from research on the National Spherical Torus Experiment Upgrade (NSTX-U) during October at the 26th International Atomic Energy Agency Conference (IAEA) in Kyoto, Japan. The four-year upgrade doubled the magnetic field strength, plasma current and heating power capability of the predecessor facility and made the NSTX-U the most powerful fusion facility of its kind. Read further...

The Cloud

IBM has issued the results of the Interop Challenge, a Cloud industry initiative aimed at demonstrating how OpenStack delivers on the promise of interoperability among vendors across on-premise, public and hybrid Cloud deployments. The challenge was issued to OpenStack Foundation peers by Don Rippert, general manager for IBM Cloud Strategy, Business Development and Technology, at the OpenStack Summit in Austin in April 2016, and called for fellow Cloud vendors to show proof of interoperability by the end of October. Read further...
IBM Watson Data Platform will help companies gain more valuable insights from data. The platform delivers the world's fastest data ingestion engine and cognitive-powered decision-making to data professionals, allowing them to collaborate in the IBM Cloud, with the services they prefer. IBM is also making IBM Watson Machine Learning Service available - making machine learning simple with an intuitive, self-service interface. Read further...
IBM and Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. are planning a significant expansion of their existing global e-Health alliance with a focus on two key health care challenges: the discovery of new treatment options and improving chronic disease management. Both projects will run on the IBM Watson Health Cloud. Read further...
IBM has introduced significant advances in its industry leading database software, IBM DB2, helping companies lower their operating costs while bringing together transactions and analytics in the same database to increase the speed of real-time data analysis. The new DB2 will incorporate hybrid transactional analytical processing (HTAP) available for Linux, Unix, Windows, and z/OS in December. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2016-10-31

Quantum computing

Fujitsu Laboratories develops new architecture that rivals quantum computers in utility ...

Precise quantum cloning: Possible pathway to secure communication ...

Focus on Europe

e-IRG requests comments on its 2016 Roadmap in open consultation ...

e-IRG to organize open e-IRG Workshop, November 15-16, in Bratislava, Slovak Republic ...

European market adopting OpenPOWER technology at accelerated pace ...

Middleware

Barcelona Supercomputing Center forms strategic collaboration agreement with the OpenFog Consortium ...

SUSE steps up to support innovative ARM solutions for customers ...

Technique reveals the basis for machine-learning systems' decisions ...

Hardware

Texas A&M launches supercomputer with 10 times the power of predecessor ...

Barcelona Supercomputing Center joins the OpenPOWER Foundation ...

Penguin Computing annouces Open Compute-based deep learning solution with NVIDIA Tesla P40 and P4 GPU accelerators ...

Iceotope extends silent liquid cooling to GPU computing ...

Mellanox begins shipments of ConnectX-5 adapter to leading server and storage OEMs and key end-users ...

Researchers find weakness in common computer chip ...

A tiny machine - UCSB electrical and computer engineers design an infinitesimal computing device ...

When it comes to atomic-scale manufacturing, less really is more ...

Stanford researchers create new special-purpose computer that may someday save us billions ...

Fujitsu adopts Cadence Palladium Z1 enterprise emulation platform for Post-K supercomputer ...

Applications

Supercomputers capture the crush in biological cells ...

How planets like Jupiter form ...

Supercomputing the p53 protein as a promising anticancer therapy ...

Splitting disulphide bonds in water is more complicated than previously thought ...

Autonomous search agents could support researchers ...

Nickel-78 is a 'doubly magic' isotope, supercomputing calculations confirm ...

Computer model is 'crystal ball' for E. coli bacteria ...

Collaboration yields open source technology for computational science ...

Fixing deficits in boundary plasma models ...

Rice-led team shows it can improve quality of supercomputing answers by 1000 times ...

Finding patterns in corrupted data ...

First results of NSTX-U research operations ...

The Cloud

18 OpenStack Cloud vendors successfully complete community Interop Challenge issued by IBM Cloud ...

IBM unleashes the power of machine learning with Watson-enabled data platform ...

Teva Pharmaceuticals and IBM expand global partnership to enable drug development and chronic disease management with Watson ...

IBM delivers speed, scale and simplicity with hybrid Cloud database ...