Primeur weekly 2016-10-24

Focus

EUDAT Project Director Damien Lecarpentier to expand on added value of EUDAT for data storage, the success of the first DI4R Conference and on the importance of Key Performance Indicators for e-infrastructures ...

Quantum computing

Exploring defects in nanoscale devices for possible quantum computing applications ...

Quantum computers: 10-fold boost in stability achieved ...

New 3D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality ...

Focus on Europe

ISC 2017 seeks contributors for Conference programme ...

Middleware

Allinea brings new software performance briefings to SC16 ...

Hardware

Innovative technique for shaping light could solve bandwidth crunch ...

R&D collaboration in integrated electronic systems receives top award ...

UK Met Office installs new HPC system to significantly improve productivity of weather and climate data analysis ...

Fast data sharing with South Korea via Netherlight ...

NSF funds new projects to advance energy-efficient computing ...

Applications

Can we find more benign nanomaterials? ...

Scientists find technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic devices ...

A new class of materials could realize quantum computers ...

Rhön-Klinikum Hospitals to study how IBM Watson can support doctors in the diagnosis of rare diseases ...

Predicting jellyfish invasions at coastal power stations ...

IBM and Quest Diagnostics launch Watson-powered genomic sequencing service to help physicians bring precision cancer treatments to patients nationwide ...

A new spin on superconductivity ...

Insilico Medicine to present on recent advances in AI at BioData World in Cambridge ...

Unraveling the science behind biomass breakdown ...

T-rays will speed up computer memory by a factor of 1,000 ...

Promise of gene therapy for glaucoma shines bright in award-winning image ...

The Cloud

Amazon Web Services Cloud now available to customers from data centres in Ohio ...

IBM Cloud expands Bluemix ecosystem in China to fuel blockchain and IoT innovation ...

Atos teams with VMware to launch Digital Private Cloud offering ...

DNAstack launches genomics platform to accelerate disease research and precision medicine ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2016-10-24

Focus

At the Digital Infrastructures for Research Conference in Krakow, Poland,Primeur Magazinehad the opportunity to talk with Damien Lecarpentier, Project Director of EUDAT, one of the organizers of the conference. EUDAT is a network of research organisations, computing and data centres, that are working together to create and establish a collaborative data infrastructure. This infrastructure consists of a few services in the area of data management but it also tries to promote a number of practices and harmonize the way the centres across Europe deal with data management. EUDAT started as a project but now it is moving to a more sustainable organisation. Damien Lecarpentier is also the head of the new secretariat that has been established. There are commitments from a number of partners for ten years to sustain the collaboration and support the infrastructure and its services. Read further...

Quantum computing

Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology in collaboration with the University of Cambridge have studied the interaction between microwave fields and electronic defect states inside the oxide layer of field-effect transistors at cryogenic temperatures. It has been found that the physics of such defect states are consistent with driven two-level systems possessing long coherence times, and that their induced dynamics can be coherently and independently controlled. Due to the nature of this work, it is hoped that such results will contribute to the field of correlated electronic glassy dynamics in condensed matter physics; give a better understanding of charge noise effects in mesoscopic devices; and enable new studies for developing novel technologies in the important field of semiconductor-based quantum information processing. Read further...
Australian engineers have created a new quantum bit which remains in a stable superposition for 10 times longer than previously achieved, dramatically expanding the time during which calculations could be performed in a future silicon quantum computer. Read further...
Researchers from the Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC) at the University of Waterloo led the development of a new extensible wiring technique capable of controlling superconducting quantum bits, representing a significant step towards to the realization of a scalable quantum computer. Read further...

Focus on Europe

ISC High Performance 2017 is now open to a number of submission opportunities. Whether your interest lies in research posters, project posters, birds-of-a-feather (BoF) sessions or the PhD forum, ISC is welcoming proposals from all members of the high performance computing (HPC) community. Read further...

Middleware

Allinea Software, a provider of tools for developing and optimizing high performance applications invites you to build your knowledge of software performance issues and the steps to help you crack them at the Allinea Booth at SC16, in Salt Lake City, November 15, 16 & 17. Read further...

Hardware

As data demands continue to grow, scientists predict that it's only a matter of time before today's telecommunication networks reach capacity unless new technologies are developed for transporting data. A new technique could help avert this bandwidth crunch by allowing light-based optical networks to carry more than one hundred times more data than is possible with current technologies. Read further...
Tohoku University's Tetsuo Endoh, Tokyo Electron Limited's Gishi Chung and Keysight Technologies Inc.'s Masaki Yamamoto have been awarded Japan's Prime Minister's Award for Contribution to Industry-Academia-Government Collaboration. Read further...
SGI together with Bright Computing and DataDirect Networks (DDN) announced that the Met Office, the United Kingdom's national weather service, selected the three HPC vendors to provide high performance computing capabilities for its new Scientific Processing and Intensive Compute Environment (SPICE) system. SPICE will enable weather and climate researchers to dramatically reduce time required to analyze massive amounts of climate simulation data. Read further...
Using Netherlight in Amsterdam, the Netherlands has an important resource to transport large amounts of research data across the world. KISTI in South Korea is now also collaborating with SURFnet to use the network. As such, Korean researchers can receive in a fast way data from CERN. Read further...
The National Science Foundation and Semiconductor Research Corporation have jointly awarded $21.6 million for nine new projects to find revolutionary solutions that will enable more energy-efficient computing, from brain-inspired computer architectures to hybrid digital-analogue designs. Read further...

Applications

Chemists at the University of Iowa will research the effects of nanomaterials on the environment and human health using a network of supercomputers funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation. University of Iowa chemist Sara Mason has won a grant to access a supercomputer network funded by the US National Science Foundation. Sara Mason's group will use its time to better define the atom-to-atom interactions of various nanoparticles, hoping to learn more about the particles' effects on energy, the environment, and human health. Read further...
Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications. Superlattices are made up of alternating layers of very thin semiconductors, just a few nanometers thick. These layers are so thin that the physics of these devices is governed by quantum mechanics, where electrons behave like waves. In a paradigm shift from conventional electronic devices, exploiting the quantum properties of superlattices holds the promise of developing new technologies. Read further...
Scientists at EPFL and PSI have discovered a new class of materials that can prove ideal for the implementation of spintronics. Read further...
Rhön-Klinikum AG (RKA), a private hospital group in Germany, by the end of the year, will begin piloting a Watson-powered cognitive assistance system to help support physicians at the group's Centre for Undiagnosed and Rare Diseases located at the University Hospital Marburg. Read further...
Bristol University is pioneering a technology which aims to prevent coastal nuclear and coal-fired power plants from being disrupted by swarms of jellyfish. Scientists at the University of Bristol are working with the energy industry to develop an 'early warning tool' to predict the sudden, en masse appearance of jellyfish swarms which can cause serious problems by clogging the water intakes of coastal power plants. The reduction in cooling water caused by these 'swarms' means coastal power plants have, on occasion, had to run at reduced efficiency or temporarily shut down as a precautionary measure. This can have an impact on the provision of electricity to customers and incur a significant cost to the supplier. Read further...
IBM Watson Health and Quest Diagnostics have launched IBM Watson Genomics from Quest Diagnostics, a new service that helps advance precision medicine by combining cognitive computing with genomic tumour sequencing. Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) will supplement Watson's corpus of scientific data with OncoKB, a precision oncology knowledge base to help inform precision treatment options for cancer patients. Read further...
Researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have made a discovery that could lay the foundation for quantum superconducting devices. Their breakthrough solves one the main challenges to quantum computing: how to transmit spin information through superconducting materials. Read further...
Insilico Medicine Inc. is presenting on the recent advances in applying the deep learning techniques to biomarker development and drug discovery at the BioData World Congress in Cambridge, UK. Jane Schastnaya, a research scientist at Insilico Medicine, will give a presentation on October 27th in the "Genomics personalized medicine and biomarkers" track. Read further...
Lignocellulosic biomass - plant matter such as cornstalks, straw, and woody plants - is a sustainable source for production of bio-based fuels and chemicals. However, the deconstruction of biomass is one of the most complex processes in bioenergy technologies. Although researchers at the US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) had already uncovered information about how woody plants and waste biomass can be converted into biofuel more easily, they have now discovered the chemical details behind that process. Read further...
Together with their colleagues from Germany and the Netherlands, scientists at the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) have found a way to significantly improve computer performance. In their paper published inNature Photonics, they propose the use of the so-called T-waves, or terahertz radiation as a means of resetting computer memory cells. This process is several thousand times faster than magnetic-field-induced switching. Read further...
Whether you see the gossamer wings of a butterfly or the delicate opened petals of a flower, there is beauty in the eye of the beholder - a mouse retina described and visually captured by scientists at the National Center for Microscopy and Imaging Research at University of California San Diego School of Medicine and Shiley Eye Institute at UC San Diego Health. Read further...

The Cloud

Amazon Web Services Inc. (AWS), an Amazon.com company, has made available the US East (Ohio) Region to customers looking to build their businesses and run applications on infrastructure on the AWS Cloud. Along with US East (N. Virginia), the US East (Ohio) Region provides low latency across the eastern and central United States (US). With this launch, AWS now provides 38 Availability Zones across 14 technology infrastructure regions globally. In the United States alone, AWS now has 16 Availability Zones across five regions. AWS has announced that another nine Availability Zones and four regions in Canada, the UK, France, and China are planned to come online in the coming months. Starting today, developers, start-ups, enterprises, government agencies, and non-profit organisations around the world can sign up and get started using the US East (Ohio) Region. Read further...
IBM and 21Vianet Group, an Internet data centre services provider, will fuel greater Cloud innovation in China by incorporating blockchain, Internet of Things (IoT) and advanced Cloud data services on Bluemix, IBM's Cloud platform. Read further...
Atos, a global expert in digital services, at VMworld 2016 Europe, has launched its Digital Private Cloud offering, part of Atos Canopy Cloud portfolio to accelerate customers' digital transformation. The solution is a part of Atos Hybrid Cloud managed services portfolio, and is based on VMware's software-defined data centre (SDDC) technologies. The Digital Private Cloud offering is available for customers worldwide immediately. Read further...
DNAstack, a Toronto-based genomic software company, has launched its Cloud platform to accelerate genetic disease research and precision medicine. DNAstack provides push-button access to state-of-the-art genomics data analysis and sharing to help scientists more quickly and cost-effectively make sense of the world's exponentially accumulating genomics data and break down barriers to data sharing. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2016-10-24

Focus

EUDAT Project Director Damien Lecarpentier to expand on added value of EUDAT for data storage, the success of the first DI4R Conference and on the importance of Key Performance Indicators for e-infrastructures ...

Quantum computing

Exploring defects in nanoscale devices for possible quantum computing applications ...

Quantum computers: 10-fold boost in stability achieved ...

New 3D wiring technique brings scalable quantum computers closer to reality ...

Focus on Europe

ISC 2017 seeks contributors for Conference programme ...

Middleware

Allinea brings new software performance briefings to SC16 ...

Hardware

Innovative technique for shaping light could solve bandwidth crunch ...

R&D collaboration in integrated electronic systems receives top award ...

UK Met Office installs new HPC system to significantly improve productivity of weather and climate data analysis ...

Fast data sharing with South Korea via Netherlight ...

NSF funds new projects to advance energy-efficient computing ...

Applications

Can we find more benign nanomaterials? ...

Scientists find technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic devices ...

A new class of materials could realize quantum computers ...

Rhön-Klinikum Hospitals to study how IBM Watson can support doctors in the diagnosis of rare diseases ...

Predicting jellyfish invasions at coastal power stations ...

IBM and Quest Diagnostics launch Watson-powered genomic sequencing service to help physicians bring precision cancer treatments to patients nationwide ...

A new spin on superconductivity ...

Insilico Medicine to present on recent advances in AI at BioData World in Cambridge ...

Unraveling the science behind biomass breakdown ...

T-rays will speed up computer memory by a factor of 1,000 ...

Promise of gene therapy for glaucoma shines bright in award-winning image ...

The Cloud

Amazon Web Services Cloud now available to customers from data centres in Ohio ...

IBM Cloud expands Bluemix ecosystem in China to fuel blockchain and IoT innovation ...

Atos teams with VMware to launch Digital Private Cloud offering ...

DNAstack launches genomics platform to accelerate disease research and precision medicine ...