Primeur weekly 2016-10-10

Exascale supercomputing

The incredible shrinking particle accelerator ...

Brookhaven Lab to play major role in 2 DOE exascale computing application projects ...

Quantum computing

More stable qubits in perfectly normal silicon ...

Focus on Europe

RSC supercomputers go West ...

Hardware

Allinea tools play vital role in advancing computational research at the VSC, Austria's largest HPC facility ...

Smallest transistor ever ...

Turning to the brain to reboot computing ...

Complex materials can self-organize into circuits, may form basis for multifunction chips ...

Wireless data centre on a chip aims to cut energy use ...

Adapteva announces 28nm 64-core Epiphany-IV microprocessor chip ...

SGI introduces unique scale-out solution for SAP HANA that protects investments when moving to real-time business ...

Applications

Clemson University scientists receive $1.8 million grant to combat Type 2 diabetes ...

Climate change intensifies night-time storms over Lake Victoria ...

Computer simulations explore how Alzheimer's disease starts ...

Rice University lab explores cement's crystalline nature to boost concrete performance ...

Rice University researchers say 2D boron may be best for flexible electronics ...

Large animals, such as the imperious African elephant, most vulnerable to impact of human expansion ...

Computer simulation finds dangerous molecule activity for ageing ...

Tornadogenesis ...

As hurricane heads up coast, a RENCI supercomputer swings into action ...

New drug candidate may reduce deficits in Parkinson's disease ...

XSEDE allocations awarded to 155 research teams across U.S. ...

OSC part of NSF-funded consortium for advancing research computing practices ...

NCSA awarded NSF grant to expand computational science education in food, energy, and water ...

Crosstalk analysis of biological networks for improved pathway annotation ...

The Cloud

Nimbix collaborates with IBM and NVIDIA to launch powerful GPU Cloud offering ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2016-10-10

Exascale supercomputing

Particle accelerators are on the verge of transformational breakthroughs - and advances in computing power and techniques are a big part of the reason. Read further...
Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory will play major roles in two of the 15 fully funded application development proposals recently selected by the DOE's Exascale Computing Project (ECP) in its first-round funding of $39.8 million. Seven other proposals received seed funding. Read further...

Quantum computing

The power of future quantum computers stems from the use of qubits, or quantum bits. It is not yet clear on which technology these qubits in quantum computers will be based, but qubits based on electron spins are looking more and more promising. It was thought that these could only be produced in the expensive semiconductor material gallium arsenide, but researchers have now discovered that the more common material silicon is even better Read further...

Focus on Europe

RSC Group, a developer and system integrator of innovative solutions for high-performance computing (HPC) and data centres in Russia and CIS, concluded a business cooperation agreement with M Computers Ltd., the only company in the Czech Republic with the title of Intel HPC Data Center Specialist. The common objective of the both technology companies is to expand a marketing promotion and future deployments of the RSC state-of-the-art supercomputing and HPC solutions for a potential customers in Europe. Read further...

Hardware

The Vienna Scientific Cluster (VSC) will facilitate several leaps in computational research undertaken across its partner universities by deploying Allinea software tools for high performance software development and optimization. VSC is using the Allinea Forge combined debugger and profiler and the Allinea Performance Reports analysis tool to provide faster insight into code performance issues for students and researchers across consortium partner universities. Read further...
For more than a decade, engineers have been eyeing the finish line in the race to shrink the size of components in integrated circuits. They knew that the laws of physics had set a 5-nanometer threshold on the size of transistor gates among conventional semiconductors, about one-quarter the size of high-end 20-nanometer-gate transistors now on the market. Read further...
Computation is stuck in a rut. The integrated circuits that powered the past 50 years of technological revolution are reaching their physical limits. This predicament has computer scientists scrambling for new ideas: new devices built using novel physics, new ways of organizing units within computers and even algorithms that use new or existing systems more efficiently. Researchers from Sandia National Laboratories will present three papers at the IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing held October 17-19, highlighting the breadth of potential non-traditional neural computing applications. Read further...
Researchers studying the behaviour of nanoscale materials at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have uncovered remarkable behaviour that could advance microprocessors beyond today's silicon-based chips. The study, featured on the cover of Advanced Electronic Materials, shows that a single crystal complex oxide material, when confined to micro- and nanoscales, can act like a multi-component electrical circuit. Read further...
A Washington State University (WSU) research team has designed a tiny, wireless data centre that someday could be as small as a hand-held device and dramatically reduce the energy needed to run such centres. Read further...
Adapteva, a privately-held semiconductor technology start-up, has released the fourth generation of its Epiphany multicore architecture IP - a 28nm design with 64 independent high-performance RISC cores on a single chip. The latest generation of the Epiphany architecture offers the highest energy efficiency of any floating point processor solution to date, with a ground-breaking 70 GFLOPS/Watt. Read further...
Enterprises can now leverage the Intel-based SGI UV 300H server in a multi-node cluster (scale out) to run SAP Business Warehouse (SAP BW) on SAP HANA or new SAP BW/4HANA. Unique to SGI, the cluster nodes can later be reconfigured as single-node systems with 1 to 32TB of shared memory (scale up) to run SAP S/4HANA and other real-time applications. SGI also announced that deployments of the SGI UV 300H as a single-node system provide in total over 800 Terabytes of in-memory computing capacity to organisations running the SAP HANA platform. These announcements reflect SGI's broadening leadership in high-performance data analytics and continuing innovation to achieve greater insight and gain competitive advantage with SAP HANA. Read further...

Applications

A pair of Clemson University scientists is using high-tech computer modelling and experimental validation techniques to unveil the intricate molecular causes of adult-onset diabetes, one of the world's most widespread, damaging and costly diseases. Read further...
Lake Victoria in East Africa will become a hotspot for hazardous thunderstorms due to climate change. This is shown by an international study led by KU Leuven. The findings were published inNature Communications. Read further...
A new Rice University study uses computer simulations to explore the initial steps of the molecular process that leads to Alzheimer's disease. The disease starts by the aggregation of a common protein called amyloid beta. The Rice study is the first to model the energy landscape of the assembly of many copies of the pathogenic protein into its toxic form. Read further...
Rice University scientists analyze the crystalline structure of calcium silicates used in cement to maximize the ability to fine-tune the material. The work could help conserve energy and cut carbon emissions. Rice University scientists working to develop a deeper understanding of the world's most widely used man-made material, concrete, have detailed previously unexplored aspects that affect the energy required to make it and the greenhouse gases released. Read further...
Though they're touted as ideal for electronics, two-dimensional materials like graphene may be too flat and hard to stretch to serve in flexible, wearable devices. "Wavy" borophene might be better, according to Rice University scientists. Read further...
Some of the most iconic giants of the animal kingdom, such as the imperious African elephant, are most vulnerable to the detrimental impact of human expansion, new research has shown. Read further...
All human organisms are attacked by free radicals - they destroy our cells, and over time they contribute to us ageing. Now, researchers have found out how a particularly dangerous type of free radicals is formed, and it may lead to a better understanding of aging. Read further...
A dark, greenish sky, a loud roar, similar to a freight train, low-lying clouds - if you see approaching storms or any of the danger signs, take shelter immediately. A tornado might be in your path. Read further...
As Hurricane Matthew slowly made its way toward the U.S., RENCI's Dell PowerEdge supercomputer, named Hatteras for the home of North Carolina's most famous Outer Banks lighthouse, was working overtime to model the storm surge that Matthew could bring to communities along the Eastern Seaboard. Read further...
An international team led by University of California San Diego researchers has employed a novel computational approach to design and create a new compound that in laboratory studies has reduced deficits and neurodegenerative symptoms that underlie Parkinson's disease. Read further...
XSEDE has awarded more than $16 million worth of compute resources to 155 research projects. This is the first cohort of allocations awardees after the announcement of a 5-year renewal of XSEDE by the National Science Foundation to expand access to the U.S. cyberinfrastructure ecosystem. Read further...
The National Science Foundation has awarded a consortium of 28 collaborating institutions, including the Ohio Supercomputer Center (OSC) and led by Clemson University, a $750,000 grant to fund a Research Coordination Network to set up a national forum for the exchange and dissemination of best practices, expertise and technologies to enable the advancement of campus-based research computing activities. Read further...
Researchers at the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have been awarded a 4-year, $1 million grant from the National Science Foundation (NSF) to address grand challenges at the nexus of food, energy, and water (FEW). Read further...
Researchers at Stockholm University and Science for Life Laboratory have developed a new computer algorithm for analysing gene function called BinoX, which was e-published inNucleic Acids Researchon September 22, Ogris et al., 2016a. The method, developed by Professor Erik Sonnhammer's research group, associates experimentally derived gene lists and known pathways. It does this in a new way, by employing a large gene network and determining if a gene list and a pathway has more network links than expected, using the binomial distribution. This is a significant advance over previous methods, and as a result BinoX yields substantially better accuracy. In particular, the improvement compared to the commonly used gene overlap enrichment method is massive; the sensitivity was benchmarked to increase by more than 60 times at the same time as the false positive rate was reduced to zero. Read further...

The Cloud

Nimbix, an HPC Cloud platform provider, plans to expand its performance leadership in Cloud supercomputing with the addition of IBM's recently launched Power Systems S822LC for High Performance Computing (HPC) platform featuring NVIDIA Pascal GPUs. Nimbix will now put the capabilities of IBM Power Systems for HPC, based on the POWER8 with NVIDIA NVLink interconnect technology processor, and Nimbix's JARVICE platform in the hands of developers and data scientists to achieve unprecedented performance. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2016-10-10

Exascale supercomputing

The incredible shrinking particle accelerator ...

Brookhaven Lab to play major role in 2 DOE exascale computing application projects ...

Quantum computing

More stable qubits in perfectly normal silicon ...

Focus on Europe

RSC supercomputers go West ...

Hardware

Allinea tools play vital role in advancing computational research at the VSC, Austria's largest HPC facility ...

Smallest transistor ever ...

Turning to the brain to reboot computing ...

Complex materials can self-organize into circuits, may form basis for multifunction chips ...

Wireless data centre on a chip aims to cut energy use ...

Adapteva announces 28nm 64-core Epiphany-IV microprocessor chip ...

SGI introduces unique scale-out solution for SAP HANA that protects investments when moving to real-time business ...

Applications

Clemson University scientists receive $1.8 million grant to combat Type 2 diabetes ...

Climate change intensifies night-time storms over Lake Victoria ...

Computer simulations explore how Alzheimer's disease starts ...

Rice University lab explores cement's crystalline nature to boost concrete performance ...

Rice University researchers say 2D boron may be best for flexible electronics ...

Large animals, such as the imperious African elephant, most vulnerable to impact of human expansion ...

Computer simulation finds dangerous molecule activity for ageing ...

Tornadogenesis ...

As hurricane heads up coast, a RENCI supercomputer swings into action ...

New drug candidate may reduce deficits in Parkinson's disease ...

XSEDE allocations awarded to 155 research teams across U.S. ...

OSC part of NSF-funded consortium for advancing research computing practices ...

NCSA awarded NSF grant to expand computational science education in food, energy, and water ...

Crosstalk analysis of biological networks for improved pathway annotation ...

The Cloud

Nimbix collaborates with IBM and NVIDIA to launch powerful GPU Cloud offering ...