Primeur weekly 2016-08-29

Exascale supercomputing

World's biggest telescope meets world's second fastest supercomputer ...

NSF awards $110 million for advanced cyberinfrastructure to nation's scientists and engineers ...

Neuromorphic computing market worth $6,480.1 million by 2024 according to Grand View Research Inc. ...

University of Texas at Arlington physicists to upgrade Titan supercomputer software for extreme scale applications ...

Quantum computing

Artificial atom created in graphene ...

Focus on Europe

Next steps in understanding brain function ...

New approach to computing boosts energy efficiency ...

Silicon nanoparticles trained to juggle light ...

Middleware

Avere Systems and Cycle Computing provide one-click Cloud compute scalability ...

Hardware

SCinet Inventory: High performance storage - untangling 89 miles of fiber ...

New microchip demonstrates efficiency and scalable design ...

Programmable routers could enable more resilient networks ...

Chaos could provide the key to enhanced wireless communications ...

Secure networks for the Internet of the future ...

Mellanox expands Asia-Pacific presence, new Singapore headquarters and state-of-the-art Solutions Centre to strengthen footprint in Asia ...

IDT and IBM develop high-performance computing solution for telecom edge computing networks ...

Applications

IBM Research opens in South Africa; Cognitive computing and the IoT help track diseases and forecast air quality ...

ACM Gordon Bell Prize recognizes top accomplishments in running science apps on HPC ...

Insights into the dawn of the universe ...

Reef castaways: Can coral make it across Darwin's impassable barrier? ...

RAND and Lawrence Livermore National Lab combine computing & public policy analysis ...

Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaos ...

New approach to determining how atoms are arranged in materials ...

Post-disaster optimization technique capable of analyzing entire cities ...

Where does AlphaGo go? ...

PPPL and Princeton help lead centre for study of runaway electrons ...

NSF funds new integrative approaches to study the brain ...

Streamlining accelerated computing for industry ...

Finalists compete for prestigious ACM Gordon Bell Prize in High Performance Computing ...

University of Texas at Austin and Technical University of Dresden PhD students to receive International High Performance Computing Fellowships ...

The Cloud

IBM expands all-flash storage offerings for Cloud and cognitive computing ...

Bodhi Healthcare Group brings Cloud-based health care solution to Chinese hospital with IBM LinuxONE ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2016-08-29

Exascale supercomputing

A prototype part of the software system to manage data from the Square Kilometre Array (SKA) telescope has run on the world's second fastest supercomputer in China. Read further...
The National Science Foundation has granted a $110 million award to the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and 18 partner institutions to continue and expand activities undertaken through the Extreme Science and Engineering Discovery Environment. Read further...
The neuromorphic computing market size is expected to reach USD 6,480.1 million by 2024 according to a new study by Grand View Research Inc. The global neuromorphic computing market is expected to gain traction, owing to the rising demand for artificial intelligence. The prominent industry vendors are focusing on the development of neural processing units that can be incorporated into the processor chip for the reverse-engineering of the human brain. Read further...
Physicists at the University of Texas at Arlington (UTA) have been awarded a new $1.06 million grant from the U.S. Department of Energy to upgrade the software that runs on the Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility in Tennessee to support extremely data-heavy scientific applications such as advanced biology and materials science simulations. Read further...

Quantum computing

In a tiny quantum prison, electrons behave quite differently as compared to their counterparts in free space. They can only occupy discrete energy levels, much like the electrons in an atom - for this reason, such electron prisons are often called "artificial atoms". Artificial atoms may also feature properties beyond those of conventional ones, with the potential for many applications for example in quantum computing. Such additional properties have now been shown for artificial atoms in the carbon material graphene. The results have been published in the journalNano Letters. The project was a collaboration of scientists from TU Wien in Vienna, Austria; RWTH Aachen in Germany; and the University of Manchester, UK. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The most complex piece of matter in the known universe is the brain. Neuroscientists have recently taken on the challenge to understand brain function from its intricate anatomy and structure. There is no sure way to go about it, and Dr. Javier DeFelipe at the Cajal Institute in Madrid proposed a solution, in hisFrontiers in NeuroanatomyGrand Challenge article "The anatomical problem posed by brain complexity and size: a potential solution." Read further...
A European research project led by Chalmers University of Technology has launched a set of tools that will make computer systems more energy efficient - a critical issue for modern computing. Using the framework of the project programmers has been able to provide large data streaming aggregations 54 times more energy efficient than with standard implementations. Read further...
A team of physicists from ITMO University in Saint Petersburg and Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) has demonstrated the potential of silicon nanoparticles for effective non-linear light manipulation. Their work lays the foundation for the development of novel optical devices with a wide range of functionalities. These silicon nanoparticles based devices would allow to transmit, reflect, or scatter incident light in a specified direction, depending on its intensity. They could be integrated into microchips that would enable ultrafast all-optical signal processing in optical communication lines and the next generation optical computers. Read further...

Middleware

Avere Systems, a provider of hybrid Cloud enablement solutions, and Cycle Computing, an expert in public Cloud orchestration software for Big Data and big compute, has achieved a technology integration that enables hybrid high-performance computing (HPC) in popular public Cloud computing environments. By integrating the Avere vFXT Edge filer Cloud bursting technology with Cycle Computing's CycleCloud offering, users are now able to launch an Avere tiered file system on demand linked directly with the CycleCloud managed scalable compute nodes through Cloud providers like AWS, Google Cloud Platform and Microsoft Azure. Read further...

Hardware

As with almost all aspects of the SC Conference, SCinet transcends the big/bigger/biggest paradigm. The planning of each conference takes multiple years, with the work - for most involved - gradually picking up the pace as the previous year's conference has yet to conclude. For SCinet, the planning revolves mainly around figuring out how to provide our (un)seen services and best "wire-up" the venue to meet the needs of attendees, exhibitors, presenters and other contributors. Read further...
Princeton University researchers have built a new computer chip that promises to boost performance of data centres that lie at the core of online services from e-mail to social media. Read further...
Like all data networks, the networks that connect servers in giant server farms, or servers and workstations in large organisations, are prone to congestion. When network traffic is heavy, packets of data can get backed up at network routers or dropped altogether. Read further...
Chaos, somewhat ironically, has one clear attribute: random-like, apparently unpredictable, behaviour. However recent work shows that that unpredictable behaviour could provide the key to effective and efficient wireless communications. Read further...
Large data centres are the major checkpoints of the Internet. They save, process and forward business data and private information. Today's data centres have huge computing and storage capacities and are usually located in remote places far away from their customers with most facilities being operated by non-European companies. Read further...
Mellanox Technologies Ltd., a supplier of high-performance, end-to-end interconnect solutions for data centre servers, Cloud and storage networking solutions, has opened its new APAC headquarters and solutions centre in Singapore. The company's new APAC headquarters will feature a technology solution centre for showcasing the latest technologies from Mellanox, in addition to an executive briefing facility. The solution centre will feature the innovative solutions enabled by latest Mellanox technologies including HPC, Cloud, Big Data, and storage. Read further...
Integrated Device Technology Inc. (IDT) has introduced a new high-performance computing solution for telecommunications "edge" networks that combines its RapidIO technology with IBM's POWER8-based servers. The computing cluster can be used at the edge of wireless 4G advanced and 5G networks for a variety of data-intensive applications including networked robotics control, network-assisted private and public transportation, and video analytics and caching. Read further...

Applications

IBM Research has opened its second research location on the African continent and launched several new project collaborations in the areas of data driven health care, digital urban ecosystems and astronomy. IBM researchers in South Africa with backgrounds in machine learning, mathematics, computer science, robotics, genomics and computational biology, are exploring the use of cognitive computing, the Internet of Things and Big Data to support South Africa's national priorities, drive skills development and foster innovation-based economic growth. Read further...
For the first time, SC Conference releases a comprehensive list of all Gordon Bell winners since 1987. Here is that historical perspective. Each year at SC, two key indicators of HPC performance are highlighted. Both were created to provide a more accurate measure of overall performance than the theoretical peak performance levels sometimes touted by vendors. Read further...
What did the universe look like just after the Big Bang? How did the first stars and galaxies evolve? Seeking answers to these questions, researchers at Bielefeld University are looking way back into the past. With the digital radio telescope LOFAR, they are picking up signals that have taken billions of years to reach us. "research_tv" is presenting the LOFAR station in Norderstedt. It is being run by Bielefeld University in cooperation with Universität Hamburg. Read further...
An international team of researchers have shown that vulnerable coral populations in the eastern tropical Pacific have been completely isolated from the rest of the Pacific Ocean for at least the past two decades. Ocean currents can change speed and even direction depending on the season or climatic events like El Niño. The new study led by University of Bristol researchers has used a state-of-the-art computer model to trace the journeys of coral larvae transported at the whim of these currents. Read further...
Researchers from the RAND Corporation and the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory have joined forces to combine high-performance computing with innovative public policy analysis to improve planning for particularly complex issues such as water resource management. Read further...
The word "chaos" has two meanings that are almost exact opposites. In general usage, it means "wild unpredictable confusion". In physics and mathematics it often refers to the behaviour of systems for which the tools of traditional mathematics fail and one is forced to think in a rigorous new semi-quantitative way. Read further...
Researchers from North Carolina State University, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) have developed a novel approach to materials characterization, using Bayesian statistical methods to glean new insights into the structure of materials. The work should inform the development of new materials for use in a variety of applications. Read further...
Two Lehigh engineers present versatile and novel technique that is the first to factor in so many elements, demonstrate its effectiveness on transportation network recovery in imagined post-earthquake San Diego. Read further...
On March 15, 2016, Lee Sodol, an 18-time world champion of the ancient Chinese board game of Go, was defeated by AlphaGo, a computer programme. The event is one of the most historic in the field of artificial intelligence since Deep Blue bested chess Grandmaster Garry Kasparov in the late 1990s. The difference is that AlphaGo may represent an even bigger turning point in AI research. As outlined in a recently published paper, AlphaGo and programmes like it possess the computational architecture to handle complex problems that lie well beyond the game table. Read further...
Runaway electrons, a searing, laser-like beam of electric current released by plasma disruptions, could damage the interior walls of future tokamaks the size of ITER, the international fusion experiment under construction in France. To help overcome this challenge, leading experts in the field have launched a multi-institutional centre to find ways to prevent or mitigate such events. Read further...
The National Science Foundation has awarded 18 grants to multidisciplinary teams from across the United States to conduct frontier research focused on neural and cognitive systems. Each award provides a research team with up to $1 million over two to four years. Read further...
Scientists and engineers striving to create the next machine-age marvel - whether it be a more aerodynamic rocket, a faster race car, or a higher-efficiency jet engine - depend on reliable analysis and feedback to improve their designs. Read further...
Six outstanding research efforts in high performance technical computing have been selected as finalists in supercomputing's most prestigious competition, the ACM Gordon Bell Prize in High Performance Computing. The $10,000 prize will be presented to a single winner in November during SC16 in Salt Lake City, Utah, USA. Read further...
IEEE Computer Society (IEEE-CS) has announced that Johann Rudi of the Institute for Computational Engineering and Sciences at the University of Texas at Austin and Axel Huebl of Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf at the Technical University of Dresden are the recipients of the 2016 ACM/IEEE George Michael Memorial HPC Fellowships. Johann Rudi is recognized for his work on a recent project, "Extreme-Scale Implicit Solver for Nonlinear, Multiscale, and Heterogeneous Stokes Flow in the Earth's Mantle", while Axel Huebl is recognized for his work, "Scalable, Many-core Particle-in-cell Algorithms to Simulate Next Generation Particle Accelerators and Corresponding Large-scale Data Analytics". Read further...

The Cloud

IBM has introduced new, cost-conscious, enterprise class, all-flash storage designed to provide small, midsized organisations and global enterprises with primary storage for Cloud or cognitive applications and workloads. IBM has also launched "Flash In", a storage migration programme designed to help companies looking to leverage IBM's expertise, like Dell and EMC clients, easily transition to IBM storage solutions as part of a journey to become cloud and cognitive businesses. Read further...
Bodhi Healthcare Group turned to IBM to develop a new Cloud-based health care platform built on the IBM LinuxONE to power a new Cloud-based health care platform to support the new technology branch of Qingdao Municipal Hospital Group. By leveraging the security, scale and reliability of LinuxONE, the Bodhi Healthcare Cloud Platform offers an integrated, private Cloud solution to promote information exchange within and between hospitals, aid in treatment decision-making and help drive seamless interactions between patients and their care providers. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2016-08-29

Exascale supercomputing

World's biggest telescope meets world's second fastest supercomputer ...

NSF awards $110 million for advanced cyberinfrastructure to nation's scientists and engineers ...

Neuromorphic computing market worth $6,480.1 million by 2024 according to Grand View Research Inc. ...

University of Texas at Arlington physicists to upgrade Titan supercomputer software for extreme scale applications ...

Quantum computing

Artificial atom created in graphene ...

Focus on Europe

Next steps in understanding brain function ...

New approach to computing boosts energy efficiency ...

Silicon nanoparticles trained to juggle light ...

Middleware

Avere Systems and Cycle Computing provide one-click Cloud compute scalability ...

Hardware

SCinet Inventory: High performance storage - untangling 89 miles of fiber ...

New microchip demonstrates efficiency and scalable design ...

Programmable routers could enable more resilient networks ...

Chaos could provide the key to enhanced wireless communications ...

Secure networks for the Internet of the future ...

Mellanox expands Asia-Pacific presence, new Singapore headquarters and state-of-the-art Solutions Centre to strengthen footprint in Asia ...

IDT and IBM develop high-performance computing solution for telecom edge computing networks ...

Applications

IBM Research opens in South Africa; Cognitive computing and the IoT help track diseases and forecast air quality ...

ACM Gordon Bell Prize recognizes top accomplishments in running science apps on HPC ...

Insights into the dawn of the universe ...

Reef castaways: Can coral make it across Darwin's impassable barrier? ...

RAND and Lawrence Livermore National Lab combine computing & public policy analysis ...

Problems in mechanics open the door to the orderly world of chaos ...

New approach to determining how atoms are arranged in materials ...

Post-disaster optimization technique capable of analyzing entire cities ...

Where does AlphaGo go? ...

PPPL and Princeton help lead centre for study of runaway electrons ...

NSF funds new integrative approaches to study the brain ...

Streamlining accelerated computing for industry ...

Finalists compete for prestigious ACM Gordon Bell Prize in High Performance Computing ...

University of Texas at Austin and Technical University of Dresden PhD students to receive International High Performance Computing Fellowships ...

The Cloud

IBM expands all-flash storage offerings for Cloud and cognitive computing ...

Bodhi Healthcare Group brings Cloud-based health care solution to Chinese hospital with IBM LinuxONE ...