Primeur weekly 2016-08-22

Special

ExaCT team shows how Legion S3D code is a tribute to co-design on the way to exascale supercomputing ...

Focus

Sunway TaihuLight's strengths and weaknesses highlighted by Jack Dongarra ...

Exascale supercomputing

Big PanDA tackles Big Data for physics and other future extreme scale scientific applications ...

Computer programming made easier ...

Quantum computing

Cryptographers from the Netherlands win 2016 Internet Defense Prize ...

Focus on Europe

STFC Daresbury Laboratory to host 2016 Hands-on Tutorial on CFD using open-source software Code_Saturne ...

Middleware

Germany joins ELIXIR ...

Columbus Collaboratory announces CognizeR, an Open Source R extension that accelerates data scientists' access to IBM Watson ...

Cycle Computing optimizes NASA tree count and climate impact research ...

GPU-accelerated computing made better with NVIDIA DCGM and PBS Professional ...

Hardware

Mellanox demonstrates accelerated NVMe over Fabrics at Intel Developers Forum ...

Nor-Tech has developed the first affordable supercomputers designed to be used in an office, rather than a data centre ...

NVIDIA CEO delivers world's first AI supercomputer in a box to OpenAI ...

AMD demonstrates breakthrough performance of next-generation Zen processor core ...

CAST and PLDA Group demonstrate x86-compliant high compression ratio GZIP acceleration on FPGA, accessible to non-FPGA experts using the QuickPlay software defined FPGA development tool ...

IBM Research - Almaden celebrates 30 years of innovation in Silicon Valley ...

Wiring reconfiguration saves millions for Trinity supercomputer ...

Cavium completes acquisition of QLogic ...

Applications

Soybean science blooms with supercomputers ...

NOAA launches America's first national water forecast model ...

Computers trounce pathologists in predicting lung cancer type, severity, researchers find ...

Star and planetary scientists get millions of hours on EU supercomputers ...

Bill Gropp named acting director of NCSA ...

Latest NERSC/Intel/Cray dungeon session yields impressive code speed-ups ...

User-friendly language for programming efficient simulations ...

New book presents how deep learning neural networks are designed ...

Liquid light switch could enable more powerful electronics ...

Energy Department to invest $16 million in computer design of materials ...

Pitt engineers receive grant to develop fast computational modelling for 3D printing ...

Environmental datasets help researchers double the number of microbial phyla known to be infected by viruses ...

Teaching machines to direct traffic through deep reinforcement learning ...

Simulations by PPPL physicists suggest that magnetic fields can calm plasma instabilities ...

New material discovery allows study of elusive Weyl fermion ...

New maths to predict dangerous hospital epidemics ...

Kx financial analytics technology tackles Big Data crop research at biotech leader Earlham Institute ...

The Cloud

New hacking technique imperceptibly changes memory virtual servers ...

Primeur magazine

Edition: weekly - Issue: 2016-08-22

Special

On June 21, 2016, Jacqueline H. Chen from Sandia National Laboratories, explained her views on exascale simulation in the field of turbulent combustion in the second keynote presentation at the ISC 2016 Conference in Frankfurt, Germany. In her talk, she gave an update on what is feasible in combustion simulation in terms of petascale computing and presented what some of the issues are for moving on to exascale, addressing those challenges in the way of co-design between application and combustion scientists and with the programme compentence of computer scientists. Read further...

Focus

At the ISC 2016 Conference in Frankfurt, Germany,Primeur Magazinehad the opportunity to talk with Jack Dongarra, Professor at the University of Tennessee in Knoxville, who is one of the authors of the TOP500 list. Jack Dongarra also has a position at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, which is very close to the university, and at the University of Manchester. He is a visiting scientist at Moscow State University and at the Texas A&M University. So, he has a number of different hats. Jack Dongarra has been involved in the TOP500 since it began, which is about 24 years ago. Hans Meuer had a list of the most powerful machines. They were ranked by peak performance. Jack Dongarra had a benchmark, which ranked machines by running this Linpack benchmark. Linpack solves this dense matrix problem. He studeid the new TOP500 number one system, the Sunway TaihuLight in depth. Read further...

Exascale supercomputing

A billion times per second, particles zooming through the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, smash into one another at nearly the speed of light, emitting subatomic debris that could help unravel the secrets of the universe. Collecting the data from those collisions and making it accessible to more than 6000 scientists in 45 countries, each potentially wanting to slice and analyze it in their own unique ways, is a monumental challenge that pushes the limits of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG), the current infrastructure for handling the LHC's computing needs. With the move to higher collision energies at the LHC, the demand just keeps growing. Read further...
Nobody said computer programming was easy. But maybe in the future, it could be. In order to simplify programme development, a National Science Foundation (NSF)-supported project called Expeditions in Computer Augmented Programme Engineering (ExCAPE), is developing technology that provides human operators with automated assistance. Read further...

Quantum computing

Cryptographer Léo Ducas from the Centrum Wiskunde & Informatica (CWI) has won the 2016 Internet Defense Prize. He was awarded the prize with his co-authors Erdem Alkim, Ege University, Turkey; Thomas Pöppelmann, Infineon Technologies AG, Germany; and Peter Schwabe, Radboud University, for their paper 'Post-Quantum Key Exchange - A New Hope'. The prize was awarded on 10 August 2016 at the 25th USENIX Security Symposium in Austin, Texas. Facebook created the Internet Defense Prize in 2014 through a partnership with USENIX. It consists of 100,000 dollars. Read further...

Focus on Europe

The 2016 Hands-on Tutorial on CFD using the open-source software Code_Saturne will take place on 4-6 October 2016, at the Hartree CECAM Node, STFC Daresbury Laboratory, UK. The school is aimed at researchers who wish to gain a better understanding of methodologies and best practices in exploiting CFD and turbulence modelling applications on HPC systems. Read further...

Middleware

Germany has become the latest country to join ELIXIR, following the ratification of the ELIXIR Consortium Agreement by the Federal Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF). Read further...
Columbus Collaboratory, an advanced analytics and cybersecurity company, has released CognizeR, an open-source R extension that can enhance and simplify how the more than two million data scientists using R can access and build with IBM Watson. Now, data scientists can bypass having to code the calls to the cognitive APIs in another language, such as Java or Python, and tap directly into Watson APIs without leaving their own native development environment. Read further...
Cycle Computing, an expert in Cloud computing orchestration software for Big Compute and Big Data, has confirmed its continued involvement in optimizing research spearheaded by NASA's Center for Climate Simulation (NCCS) and the University of Minnesota. Read further...
NVIDIA customers worldwide using the power of Graphics Processing Unit (GPU) High-Performance Computing (HPC) to address vital work in fields including artificial intelligence, deep learning, self-driving cars, and virtual reality now have the ability to improve the speed and reliability of their computations through a new technology collaboration with Altair to integrate PBS Professional. Read further...

Hardware

Mellanox Technologies Ltd., a supplier of high performance Cloud and storage networking solutions, has found a new way to accelerate NVMe over Fabrics (NVMeoF) at the 2016 Intel Developers Forum. The solution, which introduces the company's 25/100 Gb/s Ethernet networking, also features a Samsung All-Flash Array Reference Design highlighted by Samsung's leading edge PM1725 NVMe SSD. The demonstration could be seen at the Samsung booth at IDF16, August 16-18 in the Moscone Convention Center, San Francisco, California. Read further...
Nor-Tech has developed a line of affordable supercomputers designed to be used in an office, rather than a data centre. Versions include ultra-quiet clusters, open source software clusters, ruggedized portable clusters and clusters with a combination of those features. Read further...
The world's leading non-profit artificial intelligence research team needs the world's fastest AI system. That's why NVIDIA CEO Jen-Hsun Huang has hand-delivered the world's first AI supercomputer in a box - the NVIDIA DGX-1 - to OpenAI in San Francisco. Read further...
At an event on August 17, 2016 in San Francisco, AMD provided additional architectural details and a first look at the performance of its next-generation, high-performance "Zen" processor core. AMD demonstrated the "Zen" core achieving a 40% generational improvement in instructions per clock, delivering a landmark increase in processor performance. Read further...
PLDA GROUP and CAST have demonstrated the results of a tight collaboration to make FPGA-accelerated GZIP compression accessible to developers of data centre applications. This collaboration leverages the QuickPlay software defined FPGA development flow with the integration of a high performance GZIP IP core from CAST. With this combination, software developers without any specific hardware or FPGA expertise can now develop their own FPGA-accelerated GZIP applications and achieve better performance and performance per watt over CPU-executed GZIP compression. Read further...
IBM is celebrating the 30th anniversary of IBM Research - Almaden in San Jose, California. The research and development lab is known as the birthplace of the world's first hard-disk drive, the relational database, DVD and Blu-ray encryption technology and brain-inspired supercomputing chips. Almaden is one of IBM's 12 global research facilities. It moved into its current location in 1986. Read further...
A moment of inspiration during a wiring diagram review has saved more than $2 million in material and labour costs for the Trinity supercomputer at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Read further...
Cavium Inc., a provider of semiconductor products that enable intelligent processing for enterprise, data centre, Cloud, wired and wireless networking, has completed its acquisition of QLogic Corp., a supplier of high performance networking infrastructure solutions. Read further...

Applications

Knowledge of the soybean in the U.S. has come a long way since its humble start, namely as seeds smuggled by ship from China in the 1700s. A sanction back then from emperor Qianlong prevented trade outside of Canton. Undeterred, a former seaman with the East India Trading Company named Samuel Bowen first brought soybeans to Savannah, Georgia, in 1765. A couple of years later Bowen filed a patent for a new way of making sago - a starchy cake, vermicelli - noodles, and soy sauce from soybeans. Soybeans on colonial soil also got noticed by Benjamin Franklin, who wrote of their universal use in China as a cheese, which we now call tofu. Read further...
NOAA and its partners have developed a new forecasting tool to simulate how water moves throughout the nation's rivers and streams, paving the way for the biggest improvement in flood forecasting the country has ever seen. Read further...
Computers can be trained to be more accurate than pathologists in assessing slides of lung cancer tissues, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine. Read further...
The universe is full of mysteries. Mysteries that cannot be solved by observation alone, but researchers can examine them using modelling. However, this requires enormous processing power and is very expensive. Now researchers from Astrophysics and Planetary Science at the Niels Bohr Institute have just been granted 91 million CPU hours on European supercomputers for three major research projects. Read further...
Dr. William "Bill" Gropp, has been named acting director of the National Center for Supercomputing Applications (NCSA) at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. NCSA Director Ed Seidel will step up to serve as interim vice president for research (VPR) for the University of Illinois System, President Tim Killeen announced on August 15, 2016. Ed Seidel will retain the title of NCSA director in the interim. Both appointments are pending Board of Trustees approval. Read further...
Six application development teams participating in NESAP, NERSC's next-generation code optimization effort, gathered at Intel in early August for a marathon "dungeon" session designed to help tweak their codes for the next-generation Intel Xeon Phi Knight's Landing manycore architecture and NERSC's new Cori supercomputer. Read further...
Computer simulations of physical systems are common in science, engineering, and entertainment, but they use several different types of tools. Read further...
In the world of machine learning, deep learning neural networks (DLNN) is the fastest growing field. World Scientific's latest book "Deep Learning Neural Networks: Design and Case Studies" shows how DLNN can be a powerful computational tool for solving prediction, diagnosis, detection and decision problems based on a well-defined computational architecture. Read further...
Researchers have built a miniature electro-optical switch which can change the spin - or angular momentum - of a liquid form of light by applying electric fields to a semiconductor device a millionth of a metre in size. Their results, reported in the journalNature Materials, demonstrate how to bridge the gap between light and electricity, which could enable the development of ever faster and smaller electronics. Read further...
The U.S. Department of Energy will invest $16 million over the next four years to accelerate the design of new materials through use of supercomputers. Read further...
As additive manufacturing (AM), or 3D printing, becomes more commonplace, researchers and industry are seeking to mitigate the distortions and stresses inherent in fabricating these complex geometries. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering and Pittsburgh-based manufacturer Aerotech Inc. recently received a $350,000 grant from the National Science Foundation to address these design issues by developing new, fast computational methods for additive manufacturing. Read further...
The number of microbes in, on, and around the planet - on the order of a nonillion, or 10^30 - is estimated to outnumber the stars in the Milky Way. Microbes are known to play crucial roles in regulating carbon fixation, as well as maintaining global cycles involving nitrogen, sulfur, and phosphorus and other nutrients, but the majority of them remain uncultured and unknown. The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) is targeting this "microbial dark matter" to better understand the planet's microbial diversity and glean from nature lessons that can be applied toward energy and environmental challenges. Read further...
Rush hour. The dreaded time of day when traffic conditions seem bent on making you late. As your car slowly creeps in line behind countless others stuck at a stop light, you think to yourself, "Why aren't these lights changing faster?" Traffic control scientists have long tried to solve this signaling problem. Unfortunately, the complexity of traffic situations has made the job extremely hard. A recent study suggests that machines can learn how to plan traffic signals just right to reduce wait times and make traffic queues shorter. Read further...
Physicists led by Gerrit Kramer at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory (PPPL) have conducted simulations that suggest that applying magnetic fields to fusion plasmas can control instabilities known as Alfvén waves that can reduce the efficiency of fusion reactions. Such instabilities can cause quickly moving charged particles called "fast ions" to escape from the core of the plasma, which is corralled within machines known as tokamaks. Read further...
Researchers at the U.S. Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory have discovered a new type of Weyl semimetal, a material that opens the way for further study of Weyl fermions, a type of massless elementary particle hypothesized by high-energy particle theory and potentially useful for creating high-speed electronic circuits and quantum computers. Read further...
Mathematicians are now developing completely new statistical calculations on the world's fastest computers in order to be able to predict how epidemics of dangerous hospital bacteria spread. Read further...
Kx Systems, US, has been chosen by Earlham Institute (EI), UK, as their technology partner for a new project which will revolutionise research into bioinformatics and promote a sustainable bioeconomy. Read further...

The Cloud

For the first time ever a team of Dutch hacking experts, led by cyber security professor Herbert Bos at Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, managed to alter the memory of virtual machines in the Cloud without a software bug, using a new attack technique. Read further...

Primeur weekly 2016-08-22

Special

ExaCT team shows how Legion S3D code is a tribute to co-design on the way to exascale supercomputing ...

Focus

Sunway TaihuLight's strengths and weaknesses highlighted by Jack Dongarra ...

Exascale supercomputing

Big PanDA tackles Big Data for physics and other future extreme scale scientific applications ...

Computer programming made easier ...

Quantum computing

Cryptographers from the Netherlands win 2016 Internet Defense Prize ...

Focus on Europe

STFC Daresbury Laboratory to host 2016 Hands-on Tutorial on CFD using open-source software Code_Saturne ...

Middleware

Germany joins ELIXIR ...

Columbus Collaboratory announces CognizeR, an Open Source R extension that accelerates data scientists' access to IBM Watson ...

Cycle Computing optimizes NASA tree count and climate impact research ...

GPU-accelerated computing made better with NVIDIA DCGM and PBS Professional ...

Hardware

Mellanox demonstrates accelerated NVMe over Fabrics at Intel Developers Forum ...

Nor-Tech has developed the first affordable supercomputers designed to be used in an office, rather than a data centre ...

NVIDIA CEO delivers world's first AI supercomputer in a box to OpenAI ...

AMD demonstrates breakthrough performance of next-generation Zen processor core ...

CAST and PLDA Group demonstrate x86-compliant high compression ratio GZIP acceleration on FPGA, accessible to non-FPGA experts using the QuickPlay software defined FPGA development tool ...

IBM Research - Almaden celebrates 30 years of innovation in Silicon Valley ...

Wiring reconfiguration saves millions for Trinity supercomputer ...

Cavium completes acquisition of QLogic ...

Applications

Soybean science blooms with supercomputers ...

NOAA launches America's first national water forecast model ...

Computers trounce pathologists in predicting lung cancer type, severity, researchers find ...

Star and planetary scientists get millions of hours on EU supercomputers ...

Bill Gropp named acting director of NCSA ...

Latest NERSC/Intel/Cray dungeon session yields impressive code speed-ups ...

User-friendly language for programming efficient simulations ...

New book presents how deep learning neural networks are designed ...

Liquid light switch could enable more powerful electronics ...

Energy Department to invest $16 million in computer design of materials ...

Pitt engineers receive grant to develop fast computational modelling for 3D printing ...

Environmental datasets help researchers double the number of microbial phyla known to be infected by viruses ...

Teaching machines to direct traffic through deep reinforcement learning ...

Simulations by PPPL physicists suggest that magnetic fields can calm plasma instabilities ...

New material discovery allows study of elusive Weyl fermion ...

New maths to predict dangerous hospital epidemics ...

Kx financial analytics technology tackles Big Data crop research at biotech leader Earlham Institute ...

The Cloud

New hacking technique imperceptibly changes memory virtual servers ...